Shot at from a mystery car.

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Wilson Daily Times, 6 October 1943.

  • Prince Kornegay — in the 1940 census of Old Fields township, Wilson County: farmer Prince Kornegay, 46; wife Molly, 43; and children Eddie, 21, Otis, 16, Elizabeth, 16, Ramon, 14, Prince Jr., 10, H.B., 7, Bernice, 5, and Richard, 2.
  • Wavis Reid
  • A.Z. Ray

Studio shots, nos. 143 and 144: Henry S. and Laura Wilder Reid.

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Laura Ann Wilder Reid (1870-1936).

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Henry Sampson Reid (1861-1944).


In the 1870 census of Nahunta township, Wayne County: farmer Washington Reid, 54; wife Penina, 40; and children Louisa, 19, Christian, 16 Sarah, 14, Henry, 9, Elijah, 6, and George W., 8 months.

In the 1880 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: Ishmal Wilder, 44, his mother Classey, 65, his wife Sarah, 36, and children Hinton, 15, Josiah, 13, James, 12, Lorrian, 9, Guilford, 8, Clarian, 7, Henry, 5, and Nancy An, 3.

In the 1880 census of Nahunta township, Wayne County: Wash Reid, 55, farmer; children Louiza, 30, Sarah, 25, Christian, 22, Henry, 20, Elizah, 17, George, 11, Daniel, 9, and Penny, 26; and grandchildren Jonah, 6, and Appie Barnes, 7 months.

On 11 June 1892, Mahala Williamson, daughter of Patrick and Spicey Williamson, married Henry S. Reid, of Nahunta, Wayne County, son of Washington and Penninah Reid, in Wilson in the presence of Samuel H. Vick, Elijah L. Reid, and M.H. Cotton.

On 22 October 1895, Laura Wilder, 25, daughter of Ishmael and Sarah Wilder, married Henry S. Reid, 34, son of Washington and Penina Reid of Wayne County. Samuel H. Vick applied for the couple’s license. (Henry was a brother of veterinarian Elijah Reid and principal J.D. Reid.)

In the 1900 census of Nahunta township, Wilson County: farmer Henry Reid, 39; wife Laura A., 29; and children Minnie N., 4, Lena, 2, Arthur S., 12, and Arnold, 7.

In the 1910 census of Nahunta township, Wilson County: farmer Henry S. Reid, 49; wife Laura A., 39; and children Arnold D., 17, Minnie N., 13, Mary L., 11, Levi J., 8, Hugh C.W., 5, James H.H., 4, Walter M., 2, and Elroye S., 2 months.

In the 1920 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: on the avenue between Lucama and Old Raleigh Road, farmer Henry S. Reid, 58; wife Laura, 50; and children Arthur A., 32, Minnie N., 23, Levi J., 18, Hugh C., 15, Harvey J., 14, Walter M., 12, Cary C., 10, Penina, 8, Mittie, 6, and Sarah C., 4.

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Henry Reid, 69, farmer; wife Lara A., 59; and children Walter, 22, Cary, 20, Pinina, 19, Mittie, 16, and Sarah, 14.

In the 1940 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: farm laborer Bud Creech, 51; wife Minnie, 42; father-in-law Henry Reid, 79; and sister-in-law Sara Reid, 24.

Laura Reid died 14 April 1936 in Wilson. Per her death certification, she was born 1 July 1870 in Wilson to Ishman and Laura Wilder; was married to Henry Reid; and lived at 307 North Reid. Penina Barnes was informant.

Henry Sampson Reid died 16 April 1944 in Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was 83 years old; was born in Wayne County to Washington Reid and Penina [maiden name unknown]; was a widower; and was a farmer. Informant was Levi Reid, 25 Logan Circle, Washington, D.C.

Photos courtesy of Ancestry user Joyce Rucker-Barnes.

Green Street lot for sale at auction.

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Wilson Daily Times, 4 January 1922.

  • Jonah Reid and wife — Wayne County native Jonah Reid was a son of Jonah Williams below. Jonah married his first cousin Magnolia Artis, daughter of Thomas and Louisa Artis Artis, on 30 August 1892 in Wayne County, North Carolina.
  • J.D. Reid — principal and banker.
  • Jonah Williams — Jonah Williams established several Primitive Baptist churches in Wayne, Wilson and Edgecombe Counties.
  • B.R. Winstead — Educator Braswell R. Winstead was a close associate of Samuel H. Vick, serving for a while as assistant postmaster. He lived at 415 East Green at the time of his death in 1926.

Cemeteries, no. 27: the Sutton-Newsome cemetery.

I was making a U-turn to leave another graveyard near Lucama when I spotted this one at the woodline across a field. The gate is marked by these hand-decorated blocks of concrete.

There are only a handful of gravestones, but the space enclosed within the chain-link fence suggests many more burials.

  • James Walter Sutton and Ida Reid Sutton

Ida and Walter Sutton’s double gravestone. It’s a machine-cut marker not available in the 1950s, and I suspect the shell-decorated cement markers above headed the graves until this monument was placed decades later.


In the 1900 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: Calvin Sutton, 45; wife Silvania, 49; and children George, 18, Walter, 16, Mary, 13, and Roscoe, 10.

In the 1900 census of Pikeville township, Wayne County: Isiah Reid, 47; wife Eidie, 44; and children John W., 17, Ida L., 15, Oscar, 8, Bessie J., 5, Wade J., 4, and Parthenia, 2.

On 20 January 1904, Ida Reid, 18, daughter of Isaiah Reid, married James W. Sutton, 21, son of Calvin and Marenda Sutton, in Wayne County. [Sidenote: Isaiah Reid, son of John and Mozana Hall Reid, was first cousin to veterinarian Elijah Reid and school principal J.D. Reid.]

In the 1910 census of Cross Roads township, Wilson County: on Goldsboro Road, James W. Sutton, 28; wife Ida, 25; and daughter Irene, 4.

In the 1920 census of Cross Roads township, Wilson County: farmer Walter Sutton, 36; wife Ida, 34; and children Irene, 15, Camillus, 9, Ethel, 6, and James, 1.

Annanias Sutton died 6 September 1925 in Lucama, Wilson County. Per his death certificate, he was born 7 September 1918 in Wilson County to Walter Sutton and Ida Reid; was a schoolboy; died of “edema of larynx — post tonsil abscess”; and was buried in Wayne County.

In the 1930 census of Cross Roads township, Wilson County: farmer James W. Sutton, 48; wife Ida, 44; and children Irene, 23, Comillus, 18, Ethel, 16, Pocahontas, 9, Johnie, 6, and Elijah, 3.

In the 1940 census of Black Creek township, Wilson County: farmer Walter Sutton, 58; wife Ida, 54; and children Irene, 34, Pocahontas, 19, Johnie, 16, and Elijah, 13.

Ida Sutton died 5 June 1957 in Cross Roads township. Per her death certificate, she was born 22 November 1889 in Wayne County to Isaiah Reid and Elizabeth Evans; was married to James Walter Sutton; was a farmer; and was buried in Sutton & Newsome cemetery. Informant was Commillus Sutton.

James Walter Sutton died 4 November 1957 in Black Creek township. Per his death certificate, he was born 9 April 1885 in Wayne County to Calvin and Marinda Sutton.

Irene Sutton died 9 July 1971 in Wilson. Per her death certificate, she was born 22 November 1907 in Wilson County to Walter Sutton and Ida Reid; lived at 501 Spaulding Street; was never married; and was buried in Sutton cemetery. Informant was Ethel Newsome, 1024 Faison Street, Wilson.

Photos by Lisa Y. Henderson, December 2019.

Attack on Prof. J.D. Reid.

Feelings ran high in the days after school superintendent Charles L. Coon slapped Mary Euell, an African-American teacher who had been hauled to his office by principal J.D. Reid. So high that three men jumped Reid as he left church the following Sunday.

Per the Wilson Daily Times, 16 April 1918:

As a result of the attack on Prof. J.D. Reid, principal of the colored graded school yesterday while he was coming out of the First Baptist church, colored after the morning services three negroes named Frank Hooker, Henry Lucas and Will Jenkins, the first two were arrested yesterday and placed under bonds of $300 each for their appearance Friday morning before his honor and Will Jenkins he ran away yesterday and was not captured until this morning is now in jail. It is alleged that Will Jenkins had a gun and that it was taken away from him by a colored man by the name of John Spell and thus prevented him from using it. Will denies that he had a pistol of his own. He says that one dropped the pistol and that he picked it up, and that he had no intention of using it on Reid. Reid was not hurt in the assault. It seems that some two blows were struck him before the parties were separated.

This is an aftermath of the trouble referred to last week in this paper growing put of the reproof of the teacher by Mr. Coon, who was called into his office in the Fidelity building at the instance of Reid for alleged failure to obey a ruling regarding the opening of school on the day the new daylight law went into effect. The woman teacher says that Mr. Coon slapped her and that when she called on Reid to protect her that Reid told her to behave herself and held the door to keep her from going out.

Following this assault on the woman leading colored men of the Ministerial Union and Business League made representations to the Board of Trustees of the school preferring charges against Reid and asked them to dismiss him from the position at the head stating that he was entirely persona non grata to their people and that he had lost his usefulness among them as an educator.

The school board had before them here Saturday afternoon Prof. Sam Vick, Rev. Weeks, pastor of the Tabernacle Baptist church and Rev. Taylor, pastor of the Presbyterian church, colored of this city, and Dr. Hargrave, a leading colored physician of Wilson. The board heard the matter and agreed to take the charges under advisement.

In the meantime Prof. Reid informed Mayor Killette that he felt on account of threats that he was in danger of his life and asked for protection. This was promptly given, officers having been stationed at the residence of Prof. Reid for the past tow or three nights. The prompt action of the mayor yesterday will probably stop the assaults on Reid, for he is determined to stop this effort to take the law into their own hands.

In the meantime the colored graded schools in this city are not running. Eleven of the fourteen teachers resigned at the beginning of the trouble and two of the others since. The question was asked by members of the board Saturday if it would pay to reorganize the school for the short space of time the remainder of the session and the answer was returned by the colored men present that they did not think it would.

However as to what action the board of trustees will take towards continuing the school the remainder of the session we are not prepared to say.


  • J.D. Reid — Reid was forced out of his position as principal, but regained the trust of the community. For a while, anyway. Two years later, Reid was appointed vice-president of the brand-new Commercial Bank, a position he held until the bank failed amid charges of forgery and embezzlement.
  • Frank Hooker — Hooker, a sawyer, was about 46 years old when he clouted Reid.
  • Henry Lucas — Lucas was a brickmason.
  • Will Jenkins — Jenkins was a lumberyard laborer with a history of scapes.
  • John Spell — John S. Spell was a contractor-carpenter.
  • Sam Vick — Samuel H. Vick was Educator, politician, businessman, real estate developer, church leader
  • Rev. Weeks — Alfred L.E. Weeks.
  • Rev. Taylor — Halley B. Taylor.
  • Dr. Hargrave — Frank S. Hargrave.

Lynching going on, and there are men trying to stand in with the white folks.

Charles Stump was the pen name of Kentucky-born journalist Charles Stewart (1869-1925). By 1914, Stewart was working for the Associated Press and the National Baptist Convention and was known as “the press agent of the Negro race.” As Stump, Stewart reported to The Broad Axe, a black Chicago newspaper, his impressions of the areas through which he traveled. His 1918 sojourn through North Carolina coincided with the boycott of Wilson Colored Graded School.

Stump misreported principal J.D. Reid‘s name as A.D. Reed, but spared no words in describing his disdain for Reid’s conduct — “It is a small man who would strike a woman, but they have it down fine in Wilson, N.C., and if it is kept up much longer there will be some going home, but which home I am not prepared to say myself …. I never want to see a white man strike one of our best women in this world, for I would just then send word to the angels to dust my wings for I will be on my way for them, and then send word to the devil to heat the furnace just a little hotter, for I have started some one to take quarters therein.” Mary Euell, on the other hand, received her full due as “a refined, cultured, christian woman” with the “dignity of a queen.”

Stump’s account contains new details of Reid’s actions and the startling news that Reed’s karmic redress included the public slap of his ten year-old daughter Thelma by white merchant W.D. Ruffin.

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The Broad Axe (Chicago, Ill.), 26 July 1919.

405 North Vick Street.

The one hundred-ninth in a series of posts highlighting buildings in East Wilson Historic District, a national historic district located in Wilson, North Carolina. As originally approved, the district encompasses 858 contributing buildings and two contributing structures in a historically African-American section of Wilson. (A significant number have since been lost.) The district was developed between about 1890 to 1940 and includes notable examples of Queen Anne, Bungalow/American Craftsman, and Shotgun-style architecture. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

As described in the nomination form for the East Wilson Historic District: “ca. 1913; 1 story; John R. Reid house; L-plan cottage with front-facing gable in side wing; contributing garage; Reid was a carpenter, and built #s 405-409.” [The owner of this house is misidentified. In fact, though John Right Reid may have built this house, he did not live in it. Rather, his cousin John B. Reid, also a carpenter, owned and inhabited the house from around the time it was constructed until his death in 1943. John R. Reid lived at 109 South 4th Street.]

In the 1916 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Reid John B carp h 405 N Vick

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 405 Vick, owned and valued at $2000, John B. Reid, 54, building carpenter, and wife Norma, 41, laundress.

In the 1940 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 405 Vick, owned and valued at $3000, John Reid, 65, born in Smithfield, carpenter for C.C. Powell, and wife Naomi, 50, born in Durham.

John B. Reid died 24 July 1943 at his home at 405 North Reid. Per his death certificate, he was 60 years old; was born in Wayne County to Isaac Reid and Adlaide Bolden; worked as a carpenter; and was buried in Rountree cemetery. Naomi Reid was informant.

In the 1947 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Reid Naomi (c) h 405 N Reid

Photo by Lisa Y. Henderson, May 2019.

Lucas delivers retribution.

The facts are little muddled, but the message is clear. James Lucas was sentenced to 30 days of roadwork after assaulting principal J.D. Reid (not C.L. Reed) for failing to defend Mary Euell from Charles L. Coon’s abuse.

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The Union (Wilmington, N.C.) Labor Record, 25 May 1918.

The 1920 census records two African-Americans named James Lucas in Wilson. One was a 16 year-old boy, the other was, at 610 Lodge Street, lumber company laborer James Lucas, 27, with wife Mattie, 30, and children Jack, 13, and Georgia Belle, 11.