studio photograph

Studio shots, no. 146: Richard Artis.

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Richard Artis (1890-1932).

In the 1900 census of Nahunta township, Wilson County: farmer Thomas Artice, 63; wife Bettie, 26; and children James F., 18, Richard, 9, Annah, 15, Lou E., 13, and Francis, 11.

Richard Artis, 23, of Wayne County, N.C., son of Tom and Polly A. Artis, married Sadie Woodard, 24, daughter of Fan Woodard, on 8 February 1914 in Stantonsburg.

In 1917, Richard (Bill) Artis registered for the World War I draft in Wayne County. Per his draft registration card, he was born 24 August 1890 in near Eureka, N.C.; was a self-employed farmer near Eureka, Wayne County; and had a wife and five children.

In the 1920 census of Nahunta township, Wilson County: farmer William Artis, 32; wife Sadie, 33; and children Ida, 15, Willie, 13, Eddie, 10, Walter, 8, Rosa Bell, 6, and Council Odell, 7 months.

In the 1930 census of Stantonsburg township, Wilson County: farmer Bill Artis, 38; wife Sadie, 42; and children Ettie, 20; Walter, 18; Rosa, 16; Richard, 14; Odell, 10; and Agnes, 8.

Sadie Artis died 16 January 1931 in Stantonsburg township, Wilson County. Per her death certificate, she was 42 years old; was born in Greene County, N.C. to Fannie Woodard; was married to Richard Artis; and farmed.

Richard Artis died 29 November 1932 in Stantonsburg township, Wilson County. Per his death certificate, he was born in 1888 in Wayne County to Tom Artis and Polly Ann Daniel; was married to Sadie Artis; worked as a laborer; and was buried in Red Hill cemetery. Ida Horne was informant.

Photo courtesy of Ancestry.com user Richard Grantham.

Studio shots, no. 145: James and Jenny F. Woodard.

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James and Jenny Farmer Woodard.

In the 1870 census of Gardners township, Wilson County: farm laborer Jack Woodard, 25; wife Cherry, 24, farm laborer; and daughter Martha, 2.

In the 1870 census of Wilson township, Wilson County: farm laborer Jason Farmer, 33; wife Candas, 29; and children Florance, 9, Isaih, 6, and George, 4.

In the 1880 census of Gardners township, Wilson County: farmer Jack Woodard, 36; wife Cherry, 36; and children Martha, 13, Mattie, 8, James, 6, Mary, 4, Fannie, 3, and Nicey, 5 months.

In the 1880 census of Wilson township, Wilson County: farmer Jason Farmer, 43; wife Candas, 44; and children Florrence, 17, Isaiah, 13, Geo. W., 11, Jessie, 9, Jason, 6, Jennie, 4, and Mayland, 2.

On 13 January 1897, James Woodard, 22, married Jennie Farmer, 21, at the residence of Jason Farmer in Wilson County.

In the 1900 census of Wilson township, Wilson County: farmer James Woodard, 25; wife Jennie, 26; and children Dophin, 3, Mary, 2, and Rosa, 1.

In the 1910 census of Wilson township, Wilson County: farmer James Woodard, 35; wife Gennie, 34; and children Dorthy Lee and Mary, 11, Rosa, 10, Minnie, 6, James Jr., 5, Walter, 3, Jonie, 2, and George D., 10 months; and niece Athena Adkins, 15.

In the 1920 census of Wilson township, Wilson County: on Black Creek Road, James Woodard, 45; wife Jennie, 44; and children Rosa, 19, Mary, 21, Minnie, 16, James Jr., 14, Walter, 13, John, 12, George D., 10, Cherry, 8, Saphronnia, 7, Ed, 5, Jennie Lee, 3, and Martha, 1.

Jannie Woodard died 22 September 1922 in Wilson township, Wilson County. Per her death certificate, she was born 10 May 1874 in Wilson to Jaison and Candas Farmer and was a farmer on her own land.

James Woodard died 4 February 1937 in Wilson township, Wilson County. Per his death certificate, he was 63 years old; was a widower; was a farmer; and was born in Wilson County to Jack and Charity Woodard.

Minnie Woodard, 22, of Wilson County, [daughter of James and Jennie Farmer Woodard,] married James Ellis, 22, of Wilson County, [son of William and Sarah Barnes Ellis,] on 22 March 1928 in Wilson County. Missionary Baptist minister Geo. Cooper performed the ceremony.

This post honors Minnie Doris Ellis Cummings, born in 1931 to James C. and Minnie Virginia Woodard Ellis. Mrs. Cummings, who passed away 22 March 2020, was one of the mothers of my childhood village. Rest in peace.

Top photo courtesy of Ancestry.com user ziggazigga; photo of Mrs. Cummings courtesy of Edwards Funeral Home, Wilson.

Studio shots, nos. 143 and 144: Henry S. and Laura Wilder Reid.

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Laura Ann Wilder Reid (1870-1936).

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Henry Sampson Reid (1861-1944).

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In the 1870 census of Nahunta township, Wayne County: farmer Washington Reid, 54; wife Penina, 40; and children Louisa, 19, Christian, 16 Sarah, 14, Henry, 9, Elijah, 6, and George W., 8 months.

In the 1880 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: Ishmal Wilder, 44, his mother Classey, 65, his wife Sarah, 36, and children Hinton, 15, Josiah, 13, James, 12, Lorrian, 9, Guilford, 8, Clarian, 7, Henry, 5, and Nancy An, 3.

In the 1880 census of Nahunta township, Wayne County: Wash Reid, 55, farmer; children Louiza, 30, Sarah, 25, Christian, 22, Henry, 20, Elizah, 17, George, 11, Daniel, 9, and Penny, 26; and grandchildren Jonah, 6, and Appie Barnes, 7 months.

On 11 June 1892, Mahala Williamson, daughter of Patrick and Spicey Williamson, married Henry S. Reid, of Nahunta, Wayne County, son of Washington and Penninah Reid, in Wilson in the presence of Samuel H. Vick, Elijah L. Reid, and M.H. Cotton.

On 22 October 1895, Laura Wilder, 25, daughter of Ishmael and Sarah Wilder, married Henry S. Reid, 34, son of Washington and Penina Reid of Wayne County. Samuel H. Vick applied for the couple’s license. (Henry was a brother of veterinarian Elijah Reid and principal J.D. Reid.)

In the 1900 census of Nahunta township, Wilson County: farmer Henry Reid, 39; wife Laura A., 29; and children Minnie N., 4, Lena, 2, Arthur S., 12, and Arnold, 7.

In the 1910 census of Nahunta township, Wilson County: farmer Henry S. Reid, 49; wife Laura A., 39; and children Arnold D., 17, Minnie N., 13, Mary L., 11, Levi J., 8, Hugh C.W., 5, James H.H., 4, Walter M., 2, and Elroye S., 2 months.

In the 1920 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: on the avenue between Lucama and Old Raleigh Road, farmer Henry S. Reid, 58; wife Laura, 50; and children Arthur A., 32, Minnie N., 23, Levi J., 18, Hugh C., 15, Harvey J., 14, Walter M., 12, Cary C., 10, Penina, 8, Mittie, 6, and Sarah C., 4.

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Henry Reid, 69, farmer; wife Lara A., 59; and children Walter, 22, Cary, 20, Pinina, 19, Mittie, 16, and Sarah, 14.

In the 1940 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: farm laborer Bud Creech, 51; wife Minnie, 42; father-in-law Henry Reid, 79; and sister-in-law Sara Reid, 24.

Laura Reid died 14 April 1936 in Wilson. Per her death certification, she was born 1 July 1870 in Wilson to Ishman and Laura Wilder; was married to Henry Reid; and lived at 307 North Reid. Penina Barnes was informant.

Henry Sampson Reid died 16 April 1944 in Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was 83 years old; was born in Wayne County to Washington Reid and Penina [maiden name unknown]; was a widower; and was a farmer. Informant was Levi Reid, 25 Logan Circle, Washington, D.C.

Photos courtesy of Ancestry user Joyce Rucker-Barnes.

Studio shots, no. 142: Minnie Locus Winstead.

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Minnie Locus Winstead (1895-1985).

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In the 1900 census of Toisnot township, Wilson County: tenant farmer Henry Locus, 36; wife Ida, 30; and children Minnie, 13, Joseph, 11, Lou, 9, Davis, 7, and Willie, 5.

Clarence Winstead, 20, of Nash County, son of Will and Mattie Winstead, married Minnie Locus, 18, daughter of Henry and Ida Locus, on 3 December 1914 in Taylors township. Baptist minister William Rodgers performed the ceremony in the presence of J.T. White, Eddie Farmer and Rosa B. White.

In the 1920 census of Toisnot township, Wilson County: Clance Winstead, 22; wife Minnie, 23; and children William, 4, and Madie, 1.

In the 1930 census of Taylors township, Wilson County: farm laborer Clarence Winstead, 35; wife Minnie, 38; and children William, 15, and Madie, 11.

In the 1940 census of Taylors township, Wilson County: farmer Clarence Winstead, 42; wife Minnie, 44; and adopted son Robert Featherson, 14.

Photo courtesy of Ancestry user cclemmiles.

Studio shots, no. 141: Alex Creech.

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Alex “Boy” Creech (1909-1980).

In the 1920 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: on New Wilson and Raleigh Road, farmer Right Creech, 48; wife Sallie, 37; and children Willie, 19, James O., 17, Maomie, 18, Luther, 14, Lillie May, 11, Alex, 9, Elizabeth, 8, Beulah, 6, Gertrude, 3, and David, 1.

In the 1930 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: farmer Wright Creech, 56; wife Sallie A., 47; and children Lillie M., 22, Elex, 20, Elizabeth, 18, Gertrude, 13, David, 11, Sallie, 8, Genava, 6, Addie L., 3.

On 7 April 1934, Alex Creech, 24, of Wilson, son of Wright and Sallie Creech, married Anna Ham, 22, of Lucama, son of Louis and Nelie Ham, at the courthouse in Smithfield, Johnston County. Luther Creech applied for the license.

Thanks to Edith Jones Garnett for sharing this photo of her uncle.

Studio shots, no. 139: Willie Barnes.

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Willie Barnes.

In the 1910 census of Cross Roads township, Wilson County: farmer Wright Creech, 38; wife Sallie A., 26; children Leory, 13, Richard, 12, Penny, 9, Naomie, 7, Luther, 4, Lilly, 2, and Johnnie, 4 months; and Willie, 9, and Odalia Barnes, 7 [who were described as sons-in-law, but were actually Wright’s step-children and Sallie’s children.]

In the 1920 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: on New Wilson and Raleigh Road, farmer Right Creech, 48; wife Sallie, 37; and children Willie, 19, James O., 17, Maomie, 18, Luther, 14, Lillie May, 11, Alex, 9, Elizabeth, 8, Beulah, 6, Gertrude, 3, and David, 1.

On 16 December 1919, in Old Fields township, Willie Barnes, 20, of Cross Roads township, son of Sallie Creech, married Lina Rodgers, 19, of Cross Roads township, daughter of James and Fannie Rodgers.

Thank you, Edith Jones Garnett, for sharing this photo.

O.L. and Emma Freeman family portrait.

Bottom: Emma, “Little Emma” and Oliver Lovett Freeman. Top: Irma, Percy and Hazel Freeman.

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Lovett Freeman, 24, of Wilson County, son of J.F. Freeman and Eliza Freeman, married Emma Pender, 23, daughter of Amos Pender, on 25 October 1899 in Amos Pender’s house in Wilson County. Missionary Baptist minister Fred M. Davis performed the ceremony.

In the 1900 census of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio: blacksmith Oliver L. Freeman, 25; wife Emma C., 24, school teacher; sister Olive, 8; and roomer Henry Bruce, 20, barber. All the Freemans were born in North Carolina; Bruce, in Tennessee.

In the 1910 census of Rocky Mount, Nash County: blacksmith in buggy shop Oliver Freeman, 36; wife Emma, 34; and children Percy, 10, Hazel, 8, Irma, 6, and Emma, 3.

In the 1920 census of Rocky Mount, Nash County: blacksmith O.L. Freeman, 44; wife Emma, 43; and children Percy, 29 [sic], Hazel,18, Erma, 16, and Emma, 12.

In the 1930 census of Rocky Mount, Nash County: at 1113 West Thomas, Oliver L. Freeman, 55, blacksmith; wife Emma C., 53; and Emma Freeman, Percy Freeman and Harold L. Freeman.

In November 1938, Oliver Lovett Freeman applied for Social Security benefits. His application noted that he was born 12 November 1869 in Wilson, N.C., to Julious Freeman and Eliza Daniel.

In the 1940 census of Rocky Mount, Nash County: at 1113 West Thomas, Oliver Freeman, 64, blacksmith shoeing horses; wife Emma, 63; and daughter Emma, 31.

In 1942, Cornelius Pitt registered for the World War II draft in Nash County. Per his registration card, he was born 6 October 1921 in Rocky Mount; lived at 1110 West Thomas; his contact was Oliver Freeman, 1113 West Thomas; and he worked for Emerson Shops, A.C.L. [Railroad], Rocky Mount.

Oliver L. Freeman made out his will on 5 June 1954 in Nash County. Per its terms, daughter Irma F. Rudd was to receive the homeplace at 1113 West Thomas Street, Rocky Mount; daughter Hazel F. Whisonant, the tenant houses at 1123-1125 Gay Street, Rocky Mount; son Percy Freeman, the tenant house at 1119-1120 Gay Street; and daughter Emma Freeman, the tenant house at 1121-1122 Gay Street. His remaining property was to be divided among his children in equal shares.

Per Findagrave.com, Freeman died 26 June 1955 and is buried in Northeastern Cemetery, Rocky Mount.

Photo courtesy of Mary Freeman Ellis, The Way We Were.

Studio shots, no. 138: Alexander Barnes.

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Alexander Barnes (1879-1938), in Picture-Taking Barnes’ one-armed chair.

In the 1880 census of township, Wilson County: farmer Elias Barnes, 36; wife Margaret, 35; and sons Franklin, 6, and Alexander, 6 months.

In the 1900 census of Cross Roads township, Wilson County: farmer Elias Barnes, 60; wife Margarette, 60; and children Alexander, 20, and Sallie A., 17, both farm laborers. Living nearby, Wright Creech, 27; his first wife Lucy, 22; their children Leonora, 3, Richard, 2, and Pennina, 1; and servant Daisy Green, 8.

On 23 March 1916, in Wilson County, Alex Barnes, 36, of Old Fields, son of Elias and Margarette Barnes, married Dicy Deans, 21, of Nash County, daughter of Wiley and Mariah Deans.

In 1918, Alexander Barnes registered for the World War I draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 28 December 1879; lived at R.F.D. #3, Lucama; his nearest relative was wife Dicey Ellen Barnes; and he farmed on C.E. Brame’s land.

In the 1920 census of Spring Hill township, Wilson County: on Smithfield and Red Hill Road, Ellic Barnes, 40; wife Dicy, 26; and children Grover T., 3, and Bessie M., 1.

In the 1930 census of Saratoga township, Wilson County: Alex Barnes, 50, widower, farm laborer.

Alexander Barnes died 26 October 1938 at Mercy Hospital, Wilson. per his death certificate, he was born 1880 in Wilson County to Laris and Margreat Barnes; lived at Route #2, Wilson; was married; and worked as a laborer. Luther Creech was informant.

Thanks to Edith Jones Garnett for sharing this photo.

Studio shots, no. 137: James O. Barnes.

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James Odella Barnes (1903-1962).

In the 1910 census of Cross Roads township, Wilson County: farmer Wright Creech, 38; wife Sallie A., 26; children Leory, 13, Richard, 12, Penny, 9, Naomie, 7, Luther, 4, Lilly, 2, and Johnnie, 4 months; and Willie, 9, and Odalia Barnes, 7 [who were described as sons-in-law, but were actually Wright’s step-children and Sallie’s children.]

In the 1920 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: on New Wilson and Raleigh Road, farmer Right Creech, 48; wife Sallie, 37; and children Willie, 19, James O., 17, Maomie, 18, Luther, 14, Lillie May, 11, Alex, 9, Elizabeth, 8, Beulah, 6, Gertrude, 3, and David, 1.

On 5 January 1925, Jas. Barnes, 21, of Cross Roads, married Emma Sanders, 20, of Cross Roads, in Wilson.

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: James O. Barnes, 26, farm laborer, and wife Emma, 25.

In 1942, James Odella Barnes registered for the World War II draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 2 June 1901 in Goldsboro, N.C.; lived at 426 Spring Street, Wilson; his contact was Sallie Creech, R.F.D. #2, Wilson; and he worked at the Marine Base, New River, N.C.

James O. Barnes died 6 September 1962 in Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was born 2 June 1903 to Earnest Barnes and Sallie Barnes; was married to Bessie Barnes; and worked as a self-employed carpenter. Informant was Luther Creech, 701 Cemetery Street, Wilson.

Thanks to Edith Jones Garnett for sharing this photo.