Work Life

Where we worked, 1922 — L.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the tenth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Lafter, John, painter, 514 East Spruce
  • Lamb, William, laborer, 519 South Lodge
  • Lane, Frederick, laborer, 407 North Lane
  • Lane, Lula, domestic, 501 South Railroad
  • Lane, Rosa, domestic, 407 North Pine
  • Langley, Jerry J., grocer, 901 Viola
  • Lassiter, Dempsey, fireman, 106 South East
  • Lassiter, Henry, carpenter, 518 East Nash
  • Lassiter, Matilda, laundress, 415 South Railroad
  • Lassiter, Sylvester, farmer, 415 South Railroad
  • Leach, Bessie, domestic, 403 Spring Street alley
  • Leach, Louisa, cook, 403 Spring Street alley
  • Leavister, Bradford, helper, 404 East Bank[s]
  • Leavister, Rayford, helper, 404 East Bank[s]
  • Lee, Ada, tobacco worker, 514 Smith
  • Lee, Fletcher, horseshoer — J.Y. Buchanan, 114 Manchester
  • Lee, James, laborer, 402 South Daniel
  • Lee, James, laborer, 531 Smith
  • Lee, Mamie, domestic, 401 Viola
  • Lee, Mary, domestic, 413 South Railroad
  • Lee, Octavia, domestic, 114 Manchester
  • Leggett, John, waiter, 121 Ashe
  • Legion, Dicey, tobacco worker, 605 East Nash
  • Lenzy, George, barber, 504 East Goldsboro
  • Leonard, Annie, trained nurse, 117 Darden Alley
  • Leonard, Samuel, laborer, 117 Darden Alley
  • Lewis, Jane, laundress, 102 Pender
  • Lewis, John, carpenter, 411 North Vick
  • Lewis, John H., carpenter, 411 North Vick
  • Lewis, Turner, laborer, 211 South Railroad
  • Lewis, William, tobacco worker, 118 Ashe
  • Lilly, Charles, laborer, 505 East Hines
  • Lilly, Edna, domestic, 505 East Hines
  • Lindsay, George, barber, 504 South Goldsboro
  • Lindsay, Myrtle, laundress, 504 South Goldsboro
  • Little, James, laborer, 618 East Vance
  • Little, Lula, tobacco worker, 414 South Spring
  • Lloyd, Henrietta, laundress, 102 Ashe
  • Lovitt, Almus A., horseshoer — G.T. Pervis, 301 North Vick
  • Lovitt, Letitia, dressmaker, 301 North Vick
  • Lucas, Gertie, cook, 406 South Bruton
  • Lucas, Henry, drayman, 307 East Jones
  • Lucas, James, shoe polisher, 307 East Jones
  • Lucas, John, porter, 114 South East
  • Lucas, LeRoy, driver, 307 East Jones
  • Lucas, Lucille, hair dresser — Carrie Strickland, East Jones
  • Lucas, Luther, laborer, 1108 Wainwright Avenue
  • Lucas, Polly, tobacco worker, 107 Manchester
  • Lucas, Sarah, private secretary — Amos Batts, Elm City
  • Lucas, Stanley, tobacco worker, 114 South East
  • Lucas, Susan, cook, 316 Pender
  • Lumsden, Creecy, domestic, 614 Wiggins
  • Lyons, Lonnie, tobacco worker, 603 South Spring

 

 

 

Taxi war.

201811250907576693.jpg

Wilson Daily Times, 28 November 1938.

Eighty years ago today, Richard Sheridan and Ed Nicholson were fined for trespassing after protesting the exclusion of taxi drivers from Wilson’s bus station.

In a nutshell:

Miley Glover and Dr. Mallory A. Pittman leased a building to various bus companies for use as a bus station. Glover and Pittman also leased “taxi rights” to the building to J.D. Peacock of Goldsboro, who barred any other taxi drivers from seeking fares on the premises. When Sheridan and Nicholson attempted to pick up fares at the station, they were arrested and charged with trespassing. Their lawyer argued that the station owners had created a taxi monopoly in contravention of state law, but the recorder (magistrate) did not agree. Each man was assessed a five-dollar fine.

The 1941 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory reveals two taxicab companies in Wilson. J. Clifford Peacock and George B. Patrick owned Oak Cab Company, based at the bus station. Hugh T. Foster owned Taxi-Cab Service at 508 East Nash. Oak Cab’s arrangement with Glover and Peacock meant that, effectively, black drivers had no access to white patrons arriving in Wilson by bus. It also meant that black riders had to leave the station’s premises to hail a cab.

Per the nomination form for Wilson Central Business-Tobacco Warehouse District, the taxi stand and bus station at 307 East Green Street were built for Miley Glover in 1937 and 1938. The bus station was one of Wilson’s few Art Deco buildings. It operated into the 1990s and was demolished after the city built a public transportation hub on Nash Street.

——

  • Richard Sheridan — Richard Sheridan, 26, son of Richard and Fannie Sheridan, married Beatrice Bullock, 19, daughter of Alice Bullock, on 1 September 1935 in Wilson. Sheridan registered for the World War II draft in Wilson in 1940. Per his registration card, he was born 20 September 1910 in Maxton, N.C.; resided at 1115 Atlantic Street, Wilson; his contact was mother, Fannie Sheridan, 1115 Atlantic; and he worked for traveling salesman John Whelan.

Photo of bus station and taxi stand courtesy of Dean Jeffrey at Flickr, 2001.

Where we worked, 1922 — J and K.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the ninth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Jackson, Annie S., domestic, 618 East Green
  • Jackson, Benjamin H., barber — W.M. Hines, 721 East Green
  • Jackson, Elise, teacher, 618 East Green
  • Jackson, Joseph S., laborer, 618 East Green
  • Jacobs, Elizabeth, domestic, 302 North East
  • Jacobs, Jesse, janitor, 303 Elba
  • Jacobs, Lillie B., cook, 705 South Lodge
  • Jacobs, Sarah, domestic, 303 Elba
  • James, Mary, tobacco worker, 307 Stantonsburg Road
  • James, Robert, tobacco worker, 307 Stantonsburg Road
  • James, William, laborer, 201 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jarvin, Clinton, laborer, 407 North Pine
  • Jefferson, Charles, tobacco worker, 213 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jefferson, John, carpenter, 521 South Spring
  • Jefferson, Maggie, tobacco worker, 627 Wiggins
  • Jefferson, Robert, laborer, 706 Walnut
  • Jeffrey, Ethel, domestic, 912 Washington
  • Jeffreys, Addie, cook, 310 Spring Street Alley
  • Jeffries, Janie, laundress, 607 Spruce
  • Jeffries, Kate, laundress, 600 South Daniel
  • Jeffries, Mary, domestic, 507 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jeffries, Nathan, drayman, 607 Spruce
  • Jenkins, Frank, blacksmith, 404 East Hines
  • Jenkins, Frank, tobacco worker, 317 South Goldsboro
  • Jenkins, Tessie, tobacco worker, 306 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jennings, Mary M., teacher, 307 Pender
  • Johnson, Amos, laborer 609 East Nash
  • Johnson, Beatrice, cook, 529 South Lodge
  • Johnson, Bertha, tobacco worker, 510 South Goldsboro
  • Johnson, Edward, grocer 708 South Goldsboro, 406 East Hines
  • Johnson, Ella, laundress, 316 South Lodge
  • Johnson, Frank, laborer, 515 Railroad
  • Johnson, Jake, proprietor — Busy Bee Shoe Shine Parlor, 513 East Nash
  • Johnson, Lee, shoemaker 517 East Nash, 206 North East
  • Johnson, Lula, domestic, 506 Smith
  • Johnson, Marjorie, tobacco worker, 207 South Railroad
  • Johnson, Richmond, gardener, 911 East Vance
  • Johnson, William, laborer, 506 Smith
  • Johnson, William A., cook, 910 Mercer
  • Johnson, Winnie, laundress, 529 South Lodge
  • Jones, Charles, barber 914 East Nash, 912 East Nash
  • Jones, Christine, tobacco worker, 1009 Mercer
  • Jones, Edward, bricklayer, 202 Pender
  • Jones, Edward, laborer, 107 West Walnut
  • Jones, Elmira, tobacco worker, 1009 Mercer
  • Jones, Estella, laundress, 513 Railroad
  • Jones, Frank, laborer, 509 South Bruton
  • Jones, Geneva, laundress, 506 Grace
  • Jones, Harriet, domestic, 1000 Robinson [Roberson]
  • Jones, Isaiah, butcher, 500 East Vance
  • Jones, Levi H., proprietor — The Mayflower, 114 Pender
  • Jones, Mack, drayman, 502 South Lodge
  • Jones, Martha, domestic, 901 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jones, Maud, cook, 207 South Bruton
  • Jones, Melvin, tobacco worker, 708 East Vance
  • Jones, Nannie, domestic, 621 East Vance
  • Jones, Noel, farmer, 1009 Mercer
  • Jones, Noel, tobacco stemmer, 409 Bank [Banks]
  • Jones, Pearl, cook, 311 East Jones
  • Jones, Roberta, cook, 404 South Bruton
  • Jones, Sadie, domestic, 202 Pender
  • Jones, Samuel, barber The Mayflower, 500 East Vance
  • Jones, Vicey, laborer, 505 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jones, Walter, driver, 507 Grace
  • Jones, Wesley, laborer, 901 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jones, William H., teacher, 307 Hackney
  • Jordan, Delia, domestic, 614 Wiggins
  • Jordan, Mollie, tobacco worker, 628 Wiggins
  • Joyner, Farrar, fireman, 418 Walnut Alley
  • Joyner, George H., shoe repairer, 529 East Nash
  • Joyner, Lou, tobacco worker, 406 South Goldsboro
  • Joyner, Mazie, tobacco worker, 496 South Goldsboro
  • Joyner, Thomas, porter, Atlantic extended
  • Kenner, George, drayman, 528 East Barnes
  • Kenner, James, driver, 528 East Barnes
  • Key, Clarence, porter, 621 Suggs
  • Killebrew, Needham, driver, 311 Hackney
  • Kindell, Charles, janitor, 121 Pender
  • Kindell, Jessie, domestic, 121 Pender
  • King, Alberta, domestic, 203 North East
  • King, Andrew, tobacco worker, 205 South Spruce
  • King, Chaney, laundress, 205 South Spruce
  • King, Ernest, driver, 316 Pender
  • King, Henrietta, cook, 651 Wiggins
  • King, Ludie, laborer, 203 North East
  • King, Martha, tobacco worker, 649 Wiggins
  • King, Mary, domestic, 203 East Spruce
  • King, Mary H., laundress, 205 East Spruce
  • King, William, farmer, 203 East Spruce
  • King, William, laborer, 111 West Gold
  • Kittrell, Letta, domestic, 807 Viola
  • Kittrell, Mary, domestic, 708 East Green
  • Kittrell, William H., brick layer, 708 East Green
  • Knight, Ada, clerk — Nelson Green, 607 South Lodge
  • Knight, Elsie, domestic, 112 Pender
  • Knight, Frank, chauffeur, 112 Pender
  • Knight, Frederick, laborer, 402 South Daniel
  • Knight, James H., blacksmith Thomas & Barnes, 607 South Lodge
  • Knight, John, teacher, 704 Suggs
  • Knight, Nancy, laundress, 607 South Lodge
  • Knight, Rosa, tobacco worker, 209 North East
  • Knights of King Solomon Inc., 205 South Stantonsburg Road, W.M. Pierce G.H.P., Amos Potts G.S.
  • Kornegy, Bryant, pastor — Christ Disciples Church, Kinston N.C.
  • Korney, Elbert, tobacco worker, 203 South Stantonburg Road

Notes:

  • The Grand Scribe of the Knights of King Solomon was Amos Batts, not Potts.

Where we worked, 1922 — H and I.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the eighth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Hadley, Hattie, laundress, 607 East Nash
  • Hagan, Cora, tobacco worker, 1205 Carolina
  • Hagan, Dicey, domestic, 212 South East
  • Hagan, Henry, laborer, 404 Spring Street Alley
  • Hagan, Isaac, laborer, 409 Young’s Alley
  • Hagan, John, farmer, 212 South East
  • Hagan, Jonah, cook, 1205 Carolina
  • Hagan, May, laundress, 409 Young’s Alley
  • Hall, Bettie, tobacco worker, 901 Atlanta
  • Hall, Chester, tobacco worker, 404 Spring Street Alley
  • Hall, Jerre H., carpenter, 901 Atlanta [Atlantic]
  • Hall, Luther, dairyman, 408 Whitley
  • Hall, Purley, orderly — Wilson Sanatorium [see below]
  • Hall, Rosa, laundress, 212 East Hines
  • Hall, Victoria, maid, 125 Ashe
  • Hanesworth, Charles, tobacco worker, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Essie, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Minnie, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Rufus, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Sing, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hardy, Carrie, laundress, 209 South Reid
  • Hardy, Cornelius, tobacco worker, 209 South Reid
  • Hargrave, Frank S., physician, 624 East Green
  • Hargrave, Willie, domestic, 605 East Green
  • Hargraves, Donald, barber, 1110 Carolina
  • Hargraves, Duncan, carpenter, 1110 Carolina
  • Hargrove, Elias S., Rev., 803 Viola
  • Harper, Charles, carpenter, 1106 East Nash
  • Harper, Luicinda, domestic, 1106 East Nash
  • Harrell, Charles T., bricklayer, 503 Railroad
  • Harrell, Grady, bellman, 411 East Green
  • Harrell, Thomas, laborer, 802 South Lodge
  • Harrington, Edward, section hand, 412 East Jones
  • Harrington, Sarah, laundress, 514 East Nash
  • Harris, Alus, grocer, 1009 Carolina, 1007 Carolina
  • Harris, Bessie, laundress, 411 Young’s Alley
  • Harris, David, laborer, 411 Young’s Alley
  • Harris, Emma, tobacco worker, 208 East Hines
  • Harris, George, laborer, 613 Stantonsburg Road
  • Harris, Henry, bricklayer, 208 East Hines
  • Harris, James, laborer, 208 East Hines
  • Harris, James, tobacco worker, 407 East Walnut
  • Harris, John, tobacco worker, 208 Manchester
  • Harris, Pearl, cook, 703 East Nash
  • Harrison, Lillie, cook, 531 Smith
  • Harrison, Zeke, laborer, 117 Manchester
  • Harvey, Love, barber, 114 East Barnes, 410 East Walnut
  • Harvey, Roscoe L., barber – Love Harvey, 410 East Walnut
  • Haskins, Annie, laundress, 404 South Daniel
  • Haskins, Gertrude, laundress, 508 Warren
  • Haskins, James, porter, 530 East Barnes
  • Haskins, Lester, tobacco worker, 404 South Daniel
  • Haskins, Martha, cook, 505 West Nash
  • Haskins, Robert, bottler, 508 Warren
  • Haskins, Sarah, laundress, 507 Hadley
  • Hatcher, Thomas, bricklayer, 1002 Mercer
  • Hawkins, George, laborer, 902 Viola
  • Hawkins, Otha, bricklayer, 307 Elba
  • Hawkins, Robert, factory hand, 215 East Spruce
  • Hayes, Edward J., principal – Stantonsburg Street Public School 613 East Green
  • Hayes, Ella, laundress, 505 Railroad
  • Hedgepeth, Fannie, laundress, 310 East Walnut
  • Hedgepeth, Jennie, cook, 104 Ashe
  • Hennett, Henry, tobacco worker, 402 Spring Street Alley
  • Henry, Daniel, laborer, 407 East Green
  • Henry, Robert, bricklayer, 141 East Bank[s]
  • Herring, Amos, laborer, 705 South Lodge
  • Herring, Arthur, farmer, 616 Railroad
  • Herring, Ella, laundress, 616 Railroad
  • Herring, Jane, tobacco worker, 616 Railroad
  • Herring, Jesse, laborer, 416 Whitley
  • Herring, Mattie, domestic, 616 Railroad
  • Hicks, Dolly, attendant – Dr. M.E. DuBrisette [DuBissette], East Green extended
  • Higgins, Martha, laundress, 910 East Nash
  • Highsmith, Neal, barber – The Mayflower, 717 Viola
  • Highsmith, William J., barber – W.M. Hines, 802 East Vance
  • Hill, Anna, cook, 306 Pender
  • Hill, Edward, plasterer, 308 North Reid
  • Hill, Henrietta, maid, 205 Pender
  • Hill, James A., laborer, 610 Railroad
  • Hill, John, tobacco worker, 610 Railroad
  • Hill, Joseph, carpenter, 117 Ashe
  • Hill, Lillie, tobacco worker, 610 Railroad
  • Hill, Lula, domestic, 631 Wiggins
  • Hill, Maude, laundress, 117 Ashe
  • Hines, Allie, laundress, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Amos, fish [market?], 609 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hines, Amos, fish, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Charles, grocer E Nash extended, 643 Wiggins
  • Hines, George, porter, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Harvey, laborer, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Henry, laborer, 404 South Goldsboro
  • Hines, John, laborer, 502 South Daniel
  • Hines, Mary, tobacco worker, 504 Grace
  • Hines, Robert, helper, 546 East Nash
  • Hines, Sarah, laundress, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Sylvester, machinist, 409 Viola
  • Hines, Walter S., barber 215 East Nash, 617 East Green
  • Hines, William M., barber 113 South Tarboro, 615 East Green
  • Hinnant, Annie, domestic, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Arthur, laborer, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Cora, domestic, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Edward, soft drinks 825 Stantonsburg Road, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Edwin L., cashier city clerk, 301 Whitehead Avenue
  • Hinnant, Frank, porter — Dildy & Agnew, Pender corner Viola
  • Hinton, Hardy, cooper, 817 Mercer
  • Hinton, Maggie, maid, 107 South Carroll
  • Hinton, Massie, cook, 107 South Carroll
  • Hinton, Matthew, plasterer, 603 South Lodge
  • Hinton, Moses, laborer 516 Smith
  • Hinton, Ola, laundress, 516 Smith
  • Hocutt, Ella, domestic, 616 Darden Alley
  • Hodge, Frank, driver, 520 Carroll
  • Hodge, Harriet, laundress, 520 Carroll
  • Hodge, Isaac, tobacco worker, 407 East Green
  • Hodge, Rena, domestic, 109 North East
  • Horn, Arthur, laborer, 406 Spring Street Alley
  • Horne, Missouri, laundress — Wilson Sanatorium, 214 Manchester
  • Hoskin, Joseph, tobacco worker, 524 East Barnes
  • Hotel Lynnhaven, 537 East Nash, Gertrude Adams proprietor
  • Howard, Ada, domestic, 402 Whitley
  • Howard, Charles, tobacco worker, Bank near Goldsboro
  • Howard, John, fireman, 701 South Spring
  • Howard, Lula, domestic, 906 Atlanta
  • Howard, Walter, laborer, 902 East Nash
  • Howell, Annie, domestic, 304 North East
  • Howell, Howard, laborer, 304 North East
  • Howell, William, laborer, 525 Stemmery
  • Huggins, Mary, tobacco worker, 611 Gay
  • Humphrey, Edward D., cooper, 707 South Goldsboro
  • Hunt, Linn, helper, 510 Railroad
  • Hunter, Annie, tobacco worker, 402 South Bruton
  • Hunter, Edward, bottler, 1201 Washington Avenue
  • Hunter, Lossie, maid, 1201 Washington Avenue
  • Hurst, William M., cook – A.M. Lewis, 908 Atlantic
  • Hussey, Florence, laundress, 707 East Nash
  • Hutchins, Levi, tobacco worker, 513 Warren
  • Hutchins, Tillie, domestic, 513 Warren
  • Hyman, Bessie, domestic, 600 South Daniel
  • Hyman, James, tobacco worker, 905 Robinson
  • Hyman, Lea, domestic, 414 Whitley
  • Hyman, Louvenia, domestic, 600 South Daniel
  • Hyman, Samuel, butler, 600 South Daniel
  • Ideal Pharmacy, 557 East Nash, D.C. Yancey proprietor
  • Ingram, Edward, laborer 505 South Mercer
  • Ingram, Jessie, cook, 111 North Rountree
  • Isam, Roy, laborer, 604 South Daniel

Notes:

  • Asterisk notwithstanding, Edwin Hinnant was certainly not “colored,” and was likely deeply unhappy to find himself so designated in the city directory.
  • The Hotel Lynnhaven was located where Artis’ Barbershop later stood for several decades.

At right, the old Wilson Sanatorium Annex in October 2018. Its marquee is just visible above the roof of the adjacent building.

 

Where we worked: 1922 — G.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the seventh in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Gaines, Charles, elevator operator, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • Gaines, Dora, domestic, 528 Smith
  • Gardner, Alice, maid — Wilson Sanatorium, Sunshine Alley
  • Gardner, George, farmer, Spring Street Alley
  • Gardner, Preston, clerk — Peter Artis, Wiggins Street
  • Gardner, William, tobacco worker, 602 South Lodge
  • Garrity, Mary, teacher, 400 Stantonsburg Road
  • Gaston, Lorenzo, tobacco worker, 118 Manchester
  • Gaston, Mancie, barber — W.S. Hines, Elm City
  • Gaston, Sattena, dressmaker, 118 Manchester
  • Gay, Albert, porter, 623 East Green
  • Gay, Charles, tobacco worker, 625 East Green
  • Gay, Rachel, tobacco worker, 812 Robinson [Roberson]
  • Gay, William, tobacco worker, 713 Stantonsburg Road
  • Gear, Cora, maid, 505 East Nash
  • George, Arthur H., teacher, 401 North Vick
  • Gerald, Edgar, tobacco worker, 108 South Vick
  • Gibbs, James, tobacco worker, 604 Park Avenue
  • Gibbs, Priscilla, domestic, 604 Park Avenue
  • Gilchrist, Harrison, tobacco worker, 904 Mercer
  • Gilliam Cafe, 509 E Nash, Rachel Gilliam proprietor
  • Gilliam, Mary, domestic, 646 Wiggins
  • Gilliam, Matthew S., physician — 516 East Nash, 805 East Nash
  • Gilliam, Rachel, proprietor — Gilliam Cafe, 228 Smith
  • Gillis, Walter, helper, 411 South Goldsboro
  • Glenn, Price, laborer, 800 South Lodge
  • Globe Theatre (moving pictures), 543 East Nash
  • Godwin, Robert, laborer, 903 Robinson
  • Goffney, Clinton F., tobacco worker, 704 Suggs
  • Goffney, Joseph, tobacco worker, 206 Manchester
  • Goolsby, Kirby, helper, 536 East Nash
  • Gordon, Elmer, barber — W.S. Hines, 721 East Green
  • Gordon, Oscar C., hairdresser, 511 East Nash
  • Gorham, Ernest, laborer, 405 East Bank[s]
  • Gorham, George, tobacco worker, 417 South Goldsboro
  • Gowen, Walter, tobacco worker, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • Graham, Henry, tobacco worker, 414 East Walnut
  • Grant, Mary, trained nurse, 203 Pender
  • Grantham, Dessimore, barber, 309 Forbes
  • Grantham, Garfield, carpenter, 908 Viola
  • Gray, Albert, tobacco worker, 606 South Lodge
  • Gray, Mattie, laundress, 606 South Lodge
  • Gray, Sam, tobacco worker, 105 Manchester
  • Green, Arthur, laborer, 202 Pender
  • Green, Edwin, tobacco worker, 13 Stantonsburg Road
  • Green, James, tobacco worker, 546 East Green
  • Green, Marion, laborer, 314 Pender
  • Green, Mary, domestic, 518 East Nash
  • Green, Minnie, laundress, 135 Narroway
  • Green, Missouri, laundress, 507 Grace
  • Green, Naomi, domestic, 202 Pender
  • Green, Nelson, grocer, 420 South Spring, 502 South Lodge
  • Green, Oscar, tobacco worker, 606 South Lodge
  • Green, Richard, Laborer, 314 Pender
  • Green, Walter, tobacco worker, 314 Pender
  • Green, Wash, laborer, 518 East Nash
  • Greenfield, Clarence, driver, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • Greenfield, Luvenia, cook, 522 South Lodge
  • Griffin, Boston, tobacco worker, 503 Viola
  • Griffin, Mary, tobacco worker, 705 South Lodge
  • Griffis, Delia, laundress, 310 North East
  • Griffis, Donald, blacksmith, 310 North East
  • Griffis, John H., farmer, 310 North East
  • Grimes, Carrie, tobacco worker, 306 East Walnut
  • Grissom, Hattie, domestic, 201 North Vick
  • Grissom, Lydia, hairdresser, 201 North Vick
  • Gunn, Daniel, tobacco grader, 512 South Lodge, 514 South Lodge

Notes:

  • Peter Artis was a confectioner with a shop at 502 East Green.
  • Dessimore Grantham’s Forbes Street? I have never heard of it, and it’s not listed in the directory’s Guide to Streets.

Where we worked: 1922 — F.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the sixth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Fagin, Mittie, laundress, 602 South Spring
  • Faison, Colonel, blacksmith, 406 East Bank[s]
  • Faison, Rufus, tobacco worker, 303 Mercer
  • Faison, Thomas, tobacco worker, 504 Bank
  • Faison, William, tobacco worker, 504 Bank
  • Faithful, Mamie, teacher, 303 Stantonsburg Avenue
  • Farmer, Alfred, laborer, 605 Spruce
  • Farmer, Annie, laundress, 309 Hackney
  • Farmer, Annie, laundress, 215 East Spruce
  • Farmer, Blanche, laundress, 404 Young’s Alley
  • Farmer, Charles W., butler, 611 Spruce
  • Farmer, Eli, laborer, 144 Narroway
  • Farmer, Ella, tobacco worker, 412 South Spring
  • Farmer, Essie, tobacco worker, 409 South Goldsboro
  • Farmer, Eula, domestic, 205 North Reid
  • Farmer, George, porter, 507 West Hines
  • Farmer, George, driver, 613 Spruce
  • Farmer, Jefferson, porter, 404 Young’s Alley
  • Farmer, Jesse, tobacco worker, 611 West Hines
  • Farmer, John W., driver, 706 East Green
  • Farmer, Julius, laborer, 810 West Nash
  • Farmer, Lawrence, porter, 503 Viola
  • Farmer, Lelia, laundress, 138 Narroway
  • Farmer, Maggie, cook, 611 Spruce
  • Farmer, Mamie, laundress, 613 Spruce
  • Farmer, Mary, laundress, 500 Grace
  • Farmer, Orlando, laborer, 804 East Nash
  • Farmer, Richard, laborer, 412 East Jones
  • Farmer, Viola, tobacco worker, 138 Narroway
  • Farmer, Waverly, janitor, 616 East Green
  • Farmer, William, porter, 205 North Reid
  • Farrior, Henry W., Rev., 203 Pender
  • Faucette, John, tobacco worker, 208 Manchester
  • Faulkland, J.R., barber — James H. Barnes, 718 Viola
  • Faulkland, Walter, barber — The Mayflower, 721 East Green
  • Fentress, John, laborer, 407 Spring Street Alley
  • Ferguson, Mary, domestic, 404 Whitley
  • Ferrell, Ernest, cook, 704 Suggs
  • Fields, Henrietta, domestic, 714 East Green
  • Finch, Rosa, domestic, 122 Pender
  • Finch, Solomon, tobacco worker, 122 Pender
  • First Baptist Church, Pender corner Nash
  • Fisher, Harrison, tobacco worker, 304 Spring Street Alley
  • Fitts, Courtney, teacher, 1005 Washington Avenue
  • Fitts, Howard M., teacher, 1005 Washington Avenue
  • Floyd, Amos, butler, 420 East Green
  • Floyd, Carolina, maid, 315 South Goldsboro
  • Floyd, June, section hand, 711 South Goldsboro
  • Floyd, Mattie, laundress, 420 East Green
  • Ford, Curtis, carpenter, 604 East Green
  • Ford, Freda, cook, 607 East Green
  • Ford, Sula, domestic, 400 East Hines
  • Ford, William, helper, 700 South Spring
  • Foster, Henrietta, trained nurse, 203 Pender
  • Foster, Hugh, carpenter, 411 East Green
  • Foster, Maggie, domestic, 411 East Green
  • Fox, Dervis, carpenter, 1203 Carolina
  • Fox, Lula, laundress, 1203 Carolina
  • Franklin, James, laborer, 523 South Lodge
  • Frankin, John, laborer, 506 Grace
  • Franklin, Mary, domestic, 413 South Railroad
  • Franklin, William, laborer, 413 South Railroad
  • Frazier, Mitchell, laborer, 317 South Goldsboro
  • Frazier, Evan, tobacco worker, 904 Mercer
  • Free Will Baptist Church, East Vance corner Elba
  • Free Will Baptist Church, Lane near Woodard Avenue
  • Freeman, Hattie, domestic, 1115 Atlanta [Atlantic]
  • Freeman, James A., porter, rear 110 West Nash
  • Freeman, Julius, bricklayer, 1115 Atlanta
  • Freeman, O. Nestus, bricklayer, East Nash extended
  • Freeman, Rosa, cook, rear 110 West Nash
  • Furney, William, tobacco worker, 306 East South

Notes:

 

Where we worked: 1922 — E.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the fifth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Earl, David, millhand, 215 East Spruce
  • Earl, James, orderly, Moore-Herring Hospital, 27 Carolina
  • Eat More, The, soft drinks, Pender corner of East Green, Preston McCadden proprietor
  • Eatman, Arthur, tobacco worker, 711 East Green
  • Eatman, Fred, cook — Leonard C. Lewis
  • Eatman, Patsy, laundress, 711 East Green
  • Eddy, Evander, confectioner, 313 South, 410 South Bruton
  • Eddy, Lula, domestic, 410 South Bruton
  • Edmundson, Mack, carpenter, 308 North Reid
  • Edmundson, Necie, cook, 507 East Green
  • Edwards, Calvin S., plumber, 529 East Nash, (home) 518 East Nash
  • Edwards, Caroline, domestic, 215 Stantonsburg Road
  • Edwards, Frank, house mover, 303 East Jones
  • Edwards, Henry, tobacco worker, 402 South Goldsboro
  • Edwards, Mamie, domestic, 508 Stantonsburg Road
  • Edwards, Meta, domestic, 506 Grace
  • Edwards, Peter, laborer, 110 South Vick
  • Edwards, Silas, laborer, 507 Railroad
  • Elliott, William, janitor – City Hall, 110 Ashe
  • Ellis, Augustus, laborer, 526 South Lodge
  • Ellis, George W., janitor, 1101 Atlanta [Atlantic]
  • Ellis, James, tobacco worker, 509 East Green
  • Ellis, James B., concrete worker, 818 Mercer
  • Ellis, Mary, domestic, 705 East Nash
  • Ellis, Morris, barber, 316 South Spring
  • Ellis, Rachel, domestic, 202 West Lee
  • Ellis, Robert, tobacco worker, 801 East Nash
  • Ellis, Sallie, domestic, 408 East Bank[s]
  • Ellis, Windsor, laborer, 202 West Lee
  • Ennis, Henry, messenger, 405 North Pine
  • Ennis, Hennie, laundress, 405 North Pine
  • Evans, Charles, tobacco worker, 811 Robinson [Roberson]
  • Evans, Elizabeth, laundress, 709 East Green
  • Evans, Frank, waiter, 116 Pender
  • Evans, Joseph P., driver – Allen-Worley Furniture Company, Viola near Pender
  • Ezzell, Ira P., plasterer, 542 East Nash

Notes:

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  • Leonard C. Lewis operated a restaurant at 110 East Kenan Street.

 

The stemmery.

This corbeled chimney is all that remains of the stemmery that stood at the corner of Railroad and Stemmery Streets. A stemmery was a factory in which stems were stripped from cured leaves prior to processing for shipment to companies that manufactured tobacco products.  Stemmeries provided seasonal employment to thousands of African-Americans, mostly women, an the small streets around it were lined with worker housing.

The original facility at this location, erected by Richmond Maury & Company in 1896, burned in 1920. It was replaced by a three-story building in 1922. This chimney vented smoke from the boiler room that powered the plant. A succession of tobacco companies operated this stemming and re-drying facility until 1973, when Montrose Hanger Company moved in.  Montrose Hander operated into the twenty-first century, but had long vacated the building when it was razed about 2012.

Photograph by Lisa Y. Henderson, October 2018.

Where we worked: 1922 — D.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the fourth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Dale, Lucy, midwife, 519 South Spring
  • Darden, Arthur N., (C.H.D. & Sons), 111 Pender
  • Darden, C.H. & Sons (C.H., C.L. & A.N.), undertakers, 608-610 East Nash
  • Darden, Camillus L., (C.H.D. & Sons), 500 East Green
  • Darden, Charles H., (C.H.D. & Sons), 111 Pender
  • Darden, Major, tobacco worker, 505 Smith
  • Darden, Wade, tobacco worker, 306 Spring Street Alley
  • Darden, Walter T., clerk – C.H. Darden & Sons), 111 Pender
  • Darden, Zadie, laundress, 903 Mercer
  • Darden’s Hall, 610 East Nash
  • Davis, Addie, teacher, 621 East Nash
  • Davis, Frederick, paperhanger, 621 East Nash
  • Davis, Godfrey, farmer, 803 Mercer
  • Davis, James, laborer, 609 Gay
  • Davis, James, laborer, 518 East Nash
  • Davis, John, laborer, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Davis, Laura, domestic, 511 East Green
  • Davis, Louisa, tobacco worker, 509 South Mercer
  • Davis, Luther, laborer, 609 Gay
  • Davis, Mamie, tobacco worker, 803 Mercer
  • Davis, Susan, tobacco worker, 515 Railroad
  • Davis, Tiney, tobacco worker, 509 South Mercer
  • Dawson, Jane, tobacco worker, 215 Stantonsburg Road
  • Day, Charles, cook, 305 Mercer
  • Deans, James T., Rev., 514 South Lodge
  • Deberry, Andrew, cook, 208 Sunshine Alley
  • Deberry, Charity, tobacco worker, 215 Stantonsburg Road
  • Deberry, Irene, cook, 614 East Green
  • Deberry, James, tobacco worker, 317 Stantonsburg Road
  • DeBose, James, laborer, 133 Ashe
  • DeBose, Lillie, domestic, 133 Ashe
  • Delicatessen, The, 519 East Nash, C.E. Artis proprietor
  • Dempsey, Mattie, tobacco worker, 412 South Spring
  • De Vaughn, Ethel, domestic, 212 Finch
  • De Vaughn, Lee, carpenter, 212 Finch
  • De Vaughn, Sarah, domestic, 305 North East
  • Dew, Daisy, cook, 604 South Lodge
  • Dew, Joseph, farmer, 705 South Goldsboro
  • Dew, Junius, tobacco worker, 604 South Lodge
  • Dew, Laura, laundress, East Nash extended
  • Dew, Lizzie, tobacco worker, 712 East Green
  • Dew, Ross, tobacco worker, 712 East Green
  • Dew, Willliam, fireman, 523 South Spring
  • Dew, Zeb, cook, 906 Mercer
  • Dewel, Harry, laborer, 204 Sunshine Alley
  • Dickens, Creecy, domestic, 116 Pender
  • Dickens, Paul, tobacco worker, 516 Church
  • Dickens, Richard, laborer, 116 Pender
  • Dickens, Washington, laborer, 600 Stantonsburg Road
  • Dickson, Herbert, tobacco worker, 414 Stantonsburg Road
  • Dickson, Lillie, tobacco worker, 414 Stantonsburg Road
  • Diggs, E. Hiram, barber – W.S. Hines, 205 North Vick
  • Diggs, Henry, farmer, 703 Suggs
  • Dillard, Annie M., student, 604 South Spring
  • Dixon, Alice, tobacco worker, 500 South Lodge
  • Dixon, Gladys, domestic, 406 Whitley
  • Dixon, William, shoe repairer, 500 South Lodge
  • Dowd, Cora, domestic, 516 Carroll
  • Drake, Grady, laborer, 215 Manchester
  • Drake, Sallie, laundress, 215 Manchester
  • Dubissette, Michael E., physician, 550 East Nash, (home) 911 East Green
  • Dudley, Henry, carpenter, 205 North Vick
  • Dunn, John, tobacco stemmer, 800 East Nash
  • Dunn, Noah, tobacco worker, 800 East Nash
  • Dunn, Richard, Rev., 800 East Nash
  • Dunston, Allen, helper, 806 South Lodge
  • Dunston, Caroline, laundress, 800 South Lodge
  • Dunston, Charles, tobacco worker, 800 South Lodge
  • Dunston, Evelyn, tobacco worker, 800 South Lodge
  • Dupre, Nancy, tobacco worker, 106 South Vick
  • Dupre, Wiley, tobacco worker, 106 South Vick
  • Dupree, David, painter, 416 Walnut Alley
  • Dupree, Edward, laborer, 518 Church
  • Durdin, William, laborer, Mercer near Five Points Settlement