Wilson Advance, 17 May 1888.
The 1888 version of Sanborn Company’s fire insurance map of Wilson reveals two sets of “negro tenements” just east of the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad. One set stretched along North Pettigrew Street. The other comprised two dwellings set well back from Nash at numbers 638 and 639.
Sanborn Company fire insurance map, Wilson, N.C., 1888.
In 1883, Congressman James E. O’Hara of North Carolina’s Second District nominated Daniel Cato Sugg of Wilson to enter the United States Military Academy at West Point in June 1884. However, Suggs, a student at Lincoln University, failed the entrance examinations in arithmetic, geography and history. In fact, the only African-American to gain entry to West Point that year was Charles Young.
U.S. Military and Naval Academies, Cadet Records and Applications, 1800-1908 [database on-line], http://www.ancestry.com; Brian Shellum, Black Cadet in a White Bastion: Charles Young at West Point (2006), page 36.
Wilson Advance, 28 April 1887.
Henry C. Rountree was a prosperous butcher and grocer.
New York Times, 28 November 1884.
Joe Hinnant‘s spree made the New York Times.
Wilson Advance, 4 March 1881.
Turner Eatman, 22, married Cherry Woodard, 18, on 9 April 1873 in Wilson, Wilson County.
In the 1880 census of Wilson township (south of Nash Road), Wilson County: farmer Turner Eatmond, 30; wife Cherry, 23; and brother David, 15.
No Calvin Barnes is found in the neighborhood of John W. Farmer or Turner Eatmon in the1880 census.
Wilson Advance, 26 March 1880.
Wilson Advance, 16 November 1883.
Wilson Times, 30 June 1899.
On 4 February 1868, Jack Williamson, son of Toney Eatmon and Hester Williamson, married Ann Boykin, daughter of John Harper and Alder Ried, at Jack Williamson’s in Wilson.
In the 1870 census of Wilson, Wilson County: domestic servant Robert Vick, 19, and wife Spicy, 18; Anna Williamson, 25, washerwoman, children Jena, 10, Charles, 5, and Ann I.M., 2, and husband Jackson Williamson, 45, blacksmith.
In the 1880 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Tarboro Street, Jack Williamson, 55, blacksmith; wife Ann, 30; and children Eugina, 20, cook, Charles 16, blacksmith shop worker, Tete, 14, and Lea, 4.
On 6 January 1887, Charles Williamson, 21, son of Jack and Ann Williamson, married Clara Vick, 18, daughter of Nelson and Viney Vick, in the Town of Wilson. Amanda Vick applied for the license, and A.M.E. Zion minister H.C. Phillips performed the ceremony in the presence of S.H. Vick, H.C. Rountree and Daniel Vick.
In the 1908 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Ann Williamson and Lugenia Williamson, both laundresses, listed at West Walnut Street near Henry Street.
In the 1910 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 558 Spruce Street, widow Ann Williamson, 70, laundress, daughter Jane, 38, and grandchildren Bell Williamson, 13, Henry Bell, 14, and Paul Bell, 7.
In the 1912 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Ann Williamson and Lugenia Williamson, both laundresses, listed at West Walnut Street near Tarboro Street.
In the 1916 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Anne and Eugenia Williamson, both laundresses, 123 West Walnut.
During academic year 1882-’83, 73 of Lincoln University’s 214 students were from North Carolina. Five of that 73, all in the collegiate division, were from Wilson County: juniors Frank O. Blount, Cato D. Suggs [Daniel Cato Suggs], and Samuel H. Vick; sophomore Braswell R. Winstead; and freshman Francis M. Hines (whose home was Toisnot.)
N.B.: Though Francis M. Hines’ home was listed as Toisnot, now Elm City, and firmly within Wilson County, it seems certain that he was in fact from the Temperance Hall area of Edgecombe County, a few miles east and just across the county line. Hines graduated from Lincoln in 1886 and, upon his return to Edgecombe County, plunged into local politics. He quickly rose to leadership of the Knights of Labor and, on the strength of the African-American voting power in a county in which they were the majority population, was elected Register of Deeds. Tragically, Hines died of kidney disease at the age of 28. Local newspapers’ laconic reports of his death did not fail to include aspersions.
Tarborough Southerner, 21 February 1889.
He is buried in the cemetery of Pyatt Memorial A.M.E. Church in the Temperance Hall community.
Patrick M. Valentine’s The Episcopalians of Wilson County: A History of St. Timothy’s and St. Mark’s Churches in Wilson, North Carolina 1856-1995 (1996), features several invaluable appendices that illuminate Wilson’s tiny African-American Episcopalian community. Valentine credits Cindy and Jeff Day with compiling them, and this post is the first in a series annotating these lists.
“Appendix F: Baptisms, St. Mark’s Episcopal Church” shows that Rev. J.W. Perry baptized these children between 1889 and 1892:
In the 1880 census of Wilson township, Wilson County: blacksmith Henry Hill, 35; wife Henrietta, 29; and children Celicia, 9, Robert, 4, and James H., 1. Henrietta Hill died 21 April 1928 in Wilson. Per her death certificate, she was 78 years old; was born in Washington, North Carolina, to George Cherry and Martha Gardner; was a retired maid for the A.C.L. station; resided at 205 Pender Street; and was a widow. Cecilia Norwood was informant.
- 9 February 1890, Joseph C. Palmer, sponsors: J.H. Clark, S.S. Nixon, Henrietta Hill
- 23 February 1890, Adaline Allen, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Henrietta Hill, Ella Palmer
In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: cook Adeline Allen, 36, widow, and children Frank, 14, James, 13, Susan, 12, Ony, 7, Edgar, 6, and Willie, 4. In 1910, the family is found in the census of Portsmouth, Virginia.
- 9 March 1890, Mary Harris, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Henrietta Hill, Sylvia Stricklin
- 23 March 1890, James Artis, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Ida Clark, Henrietta Hill
Ida R. Clark died 13 January 1942 in Wilson. Per her death certificate, she was born 25 May 1873 in Franklin County to Prince and Chaney Crenshaw of Frankin and Edgecombe Counties; was married; worked as a teacher and homemaker; and was buried in the Masonic cemetery. John H. Clark was informant.
- 8 August 1890, Ardina Purrington, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Ida Clark, Henrietta Hill
- 14 September 1890, Anna M. Purrington Marshall, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Ida Clark, Joseph C. Palmer
- 14 September 1890, Zalia Purrington, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Ida Clark, Joseph C. Palmer
- 12 October 1890, David Dupree, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Ida Clark, Clara Dupree
David Dupree died 4 September 1954 in Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was born 8 May 1881 in Newport News, Virginia; worked as a laborer; and resided at 701 Wiggins Street. Informant was Lonnie Mercer.
- 12 October 1890, Joseph Dupree, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Ida Clark, Henrietta Hill
- 19 March 1891, Irine Winstead, sponsors: J.H. Clark, Ida Clark, Virginia Crenshaw
In the 1900 census of Wilson township, Wilson County: Arrene Winstead, 32, widow.
- 19 March 1891, Josephine Peyton, sponsors: J.H. Clark, John Boykin, Henrietta Hill
- 26 June 1891, Chanie Virginia Clark, sponsors: J.H. Clark, John Boykin, Henrietta Hill
In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: school teacher John H. Clark, 36; wife Ida R., 34; and daughters Chany V., 7, and Flora R., 2.
- 28 August 1892, Bud Allen, sponsors: J.H. Clark, John Boykin, Henrietta Hill
- 28 August 1892, Susan Allen, sponsors: J.H. Clark, John Boykin, Henrietta Hill
Bud and Susan Allen were children of Adeline Allen, above.