Bynum

908 Mercer Street.

This house is not within the bounds of East Wilson Historic District. However, the blocks of Mercer Street southwest of the Norfolk & Southern Railroad lines have been an African-American residential area since the early twentieth century. 

The house was likely built 1900-1920 and appears on the 1922 Sanborn fire insurance map.

In the 1928 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Holloway Henry (c; Millie) lab h 908 Mercer. Also: Holloway Narcissus (c) dish washer h 908 Mercer. Also: Holloway Elizabeth (c) maid h 908 Mercer

In the 1930 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory, 908 Mercer is listed as vacant.

In the 1940 census of Wilson, Wilson County: renting for $4/month, Priscilla Little, 47, laundress; daughter Margaret, 21, “hang or shake tobacco” at redrying plant; and granddaughters Leigh Virginia, 2, and Romaine, 7 months. 

In the 1941 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Bynum Paul (c; Dollena; 3) lab h 908 Mercer. Also: Bynum Mollie (c) h 908 Mercer

Delores Bynum died 9 November 1941 at her home at 908 Mercer Street. Per her death certificate, she was born 4 June 1941 in Wilson to Paul Bynum and Dorlena Anderson and was buried in Rountree Cemetery.

Mollie Bynum died 25 October 1947 at her home at 908 Mercer Street. Per her death certificate, she was born 22 November 1879 to Louis Haggans and was a widower. She was buried in Rountree Cemetery. Paul Bynum, 2306 Marshall Avenue, Newport News, Virginia, was informant.

Wilson Daily Times, 27 October 1947.

In the 1947 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Whitley James (c; Hazel) carp h 908 Mercer

The obituary of George Bynum.

Wilson Daily Times, 29 June 1948.

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In the 1910 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Suggs Street, odd jobs laborer Archie Bynum, 37; wife Lillie, 31; and children Nnez, 11, Junis, 7, George, 4, Rena, 2, and Bessie, 6 months.

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 617 East Suggs Street, owned and valued at $1000, Lillie Bynum, 50, widow; children Gorge, 21, Earnest, 28, Rosa L., 17, Estella, 14, Lillie M., 11; and grandchildren Leroy, 6, and Mattie B., 4.

In the 1940 census of Richmond, Virginia: in the Virginia State Penitentiary, George Bynum, 32, divorced, born in North Carolina.

In 1943, George Bynum registered for the World War II draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 1 October 1907 in Wilson; lived at 665 Suggs Street; his contact was mother Lillie Barnes of the same address; and he was not employed.  

807 Black Creek Road.

The one hundred sixty-fourth in a series of posts highlighting buildings in East Wilson Historic District, a national historic district located in Wilson, North Carolina. As originally approved, the district encompasses 858 contributing buildings and two contributing structures in a historically African-American section of Wilson. (A significant number have since been lost.) The district was developed between about 1890 to 1940 and includes notable examples of Queen Anne, Bungalow/American Craftsman, and Shotgun-style architecture. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

The original address of this house was 807 Stantonsburg Street. It was demolished prior to the 1988 survey for the nomination form for the East Wilson Historic District.

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Detail of 1922 Sanborn fire insurance map of Wilson showing 807 Stantonsburg Street in the block after the Colored Graded School. East Contentnea Street, at top right, is Cemetery Street. Argus Road no longer exists.

In the 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Bynum John (c) lab h 807 Stantonsburg

In the 1925 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Bynum Jno (c) lab h 807 Stantonsburg

In the 1928 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Bynum Jno C (c; Estella) lab h 807 Stantonsburg

In the 1930 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Bynum John C (c; Estella) lab h 807 Stantonsburg

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 807 Stantonsburg Street, freight depot laborer John C. Bynum, 38, born in Mississippi; wife Estella, 37, stemmer; daughter Cora A., 10; and siblings Abraham, 36, tobacco factory laborer, Augusta, 24, servant, and James Bynum, 19, tobacco factory laborer.

In the 1940 census of Wilson, Wilson County: freight station laborer John Bynum, 48, born in Missouri [sic], and wife Estella, 46.

In the 1941 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Bynum John C (c; Estelle) lab ACLRR Co h 807 Stantonsburg

Estelle Bynum died 30 January 1944 at her home in Wilson. Per her death certificate, she was born 3 October 1894 in Johnston County, N.C., to George Barnes and Cora Cook; was married to John Bynum; and lived at 807 Stantonsburg Street.

In the 1947 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Bynum Jno C (c; Beadie) lab ACL h 807 Stantonsburg

John Columbus Bynum died 30 October 1967 at his home at 807 Stantonsburg Street. Per his death certificate, he was born 30 June 1891 in Mississippi to Charles Bynum and Julia Ann Davis; was married to Beadie Bynum; and was a retired laborer for A.C.L.

Wilson Daily Times, 1 November 1967.

Photo by Lisa Y. Henderson, May 2022.

Snaps, no. 94: Isaac and Dorsey Ann Farmer Bynum.

Isaac and Dorsey Ann Farmer Bynum.

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In the 1900 census of Saratoga township, Wilson County: farmer Gray Bynum, 41; wife Hagar, 41; and children Rose, 18, John, 17, Martha, 9, Gray, 7, and Isaac, 12.

In the 1900 census of Gardners township, Wilson County: farmer Green Farmer, 40; wife Jennie, 33; and children Jeneva, 14, Mammie L., 9, Hattie M., 8, Annie D., 6, John G., 4, Ella E., 2, and Jona, 6 months.

In the 1910 census of Saratoga township, Wilson County: farmer Gray Bynum, 52; wife Hagar, 54; and children Jonas, 19, and Isaac, 16.

In the 1910 census of Gardners township, Wilson County: farmer Green Farmer, 50, widower, and children Jennie, 24, Mamie, 18, Hattie, 16, Doracy, 15, John, 13, Jonah, 10, Ambrose, 6, and Nunnie, 4.

On 6 December 1911, Isaac Bynum, 19, of Saratoga township, son of Grey and Haga Bynum, married Dorsey Farmer, 18, of Gardners township, daughter of Green Farmer,  in Gardners township.

In 1917, Isaac Bynum registered for the World War I draft in Wilson County. Per his death certificate, he was born 31 May 1882 in Wilson County; lived in Stantonsburg; farmed for Jack Watson; and had a wife and four children. He signed his card in a clear, strong hand.

In the 1920 census of Saratoga township, Wilson County: farmer Isaac Bynum, 28; wife Dorsey, 27; and children Martha, 7, Mamie, 6, Daisye, 6, Hagar, 3, and Mary, 1.

In the 1930 census of Toisnot township, Wilson County: farmer Isaac Bynum, 36; wife Dorsey, 36; and children Martha, 17, Mammie, 16, Daisy, 15, Hagar, 13, Mary, 11, William, 8, Essie M., 6, Hula G., 4, and Mavis G., 1.

In the 1940 census of Toisnot township, Wilson County: farm operator Isaac Bynum, 48; wife Dossie Ann, 45; children William G., 17, Essie Mae, 16, Hulda Gray, 14, Mavis Green, 11; and grandsons Ernest Burner Farmer, 5, and Dorsey E. Blackstone, 3.

Dossie Ann Farmer Bynum died 28 August 1967 in Wilson. Per her death certificate, she was born 4 November 1895 in Wilson County to Greene Farmer and Jennie Farmer; and was married to Isaac Bynum.

Isaac Bynum died 6 January 1986 in Newport News, Virginia. Per his death certificate, he was born 31 May 1893 in North Carolina to Gray Bynum and Haggar Anderson; lived in Hampton, Virginia; was the widower of Dossie A. Bynum; and was retired. Informant was daughter Hula Atkinson.

Photo courtesy of Ancestry.com user vanessasmith0328.

Bynum killed by lightning in tobacco barn.

Wilson Daily Times, 24 July 1931.

This Times article provides more details of the tragic death of Abraham Bynum, which was also reported in the Pittsburgh Courier

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In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: sawyer Charley Bynum, 41; wife Julia Ann, 43; and children Calvin, 21, Mary Jane, 18, Ameta, 16, Annie, 13, John C., 9, and Abraham, 1.

In the 1910 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Charlie Bynum, 52, factory laborer, born in N.C. to Virginia-born parents; wife Sarah, 26; and children Abraham, 10, Augusta, 4, and Etta, 2; and lodgers John Call, 17, factory laborer (born in Mississippi to a N.C.-born father and Mississippi-born mother), Calvin Bynum, 26, factory laborer, and Anna Boon, 20, house servant.

In the 1920 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Suggs Street, Sarah Bynum, 30, widow, and children Abraham, 25, Anna, 20, Charlie, 6, Augustas, 15, Etta, 13, and James, 10.

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 807 Stantonsburg Street, owned and valued at $800, John C. Bynum, 38; wife Estelle, 37; daughter Cora A., 10; and siblings Abraham, 32, Augusta, 24, and James, 19. 

On 2 February 1931, Abraham Bynum, 30, son of Charlie and Julia Bynum, married Carrie Beaman, 23, daughter of Dave and Sarah BeamanWillie McLondon, a Free Will Baptist minister, performed the ceremony at 707 Suggs Street in the presence of Jack RountreeAlice Davis and Leemoor Hannah.

Per his death certificate, Abraham Bynum died 21 July 1931, “killed accidentally by being struck by lightning during electrical storm.” He resided at 1008 Woodard Street, Wilson; was 31 years old; was married to Carrie Bynum; and worked as a day laborer at a tobacco manufacturing plant. He was born in Wilson to Charles Bynum and July Ann Davis, a Pitt County native, and J.C. Bynum of 807 Stantonsburg Street was informant.

Studio shots, no. 180: Charles A. Bynum.

Charles Augusta Bynum (1885-1969) and wife Earle Gilmore Bynum.

Charles A. Bynum was the brother of Rachel Bynum Scarborough. They, their eldest siblings, and parents migrated from Wilson County to Lonoke County, Arkansas, in the early 1890s.

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In the 1900 census of Richwoods township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: Lawrence Bynum, 55; wife Edna, 39; children Ed, 25, Mary, 19, Charlie, 17, Hattie, 16, Rachel, 9, Lewis, 6, Cora, 3, and Lawrence, 11 months; grandsons Mack and Romie Notsie(?), 3 months; and son-in-law Ed Notsie(?), 25, farm laborer. The four oldest children were born in North Carolina.

Chas. Bynum, 24, married Earl Woods, 19, on 22 December 1908 in Lonoke County, Arkansas.

In 1918, Charlie Bynum registered for the World War I draft in Lonoke County, Arkansas. Per his registration card, he was born 16 January 1882; lived in Scott, Lonoke County; farmed for Edna Bynum; and his nearest relative was Earl Bynum.

In the 1920 census of Walls township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: farmer C.A. Binam, 37; wife Earl, 27; and cons Collie, 4, and Ollie, 23 months.

In the 1930 census of Walls township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: farmer Charley Bynum, 48; wife Earle, 38; and children Collie, 14, Ollie, 11, Nettie, 9, and Freddie, 3.

In the 1940 census of Walls township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: farmer Charlie A. Bynum, 55; wife Pearl, 50; and children Collie, 24, Ollie, 22, Freddie, 12, and Minnie, 8.

In 1942, Charley Augusta Bynum registered for the World War II draft in Lonoke County, Arkansas. Per his registration card, he was born 16 January 1885 in Saratoga, North Carolina; lived in Scott, Lonoke County, Arkansas; his contact was Earl Bynum; and was a self-employed farmer in Keo, Lonoke County.

Charles Bynum died 28 June 1969 in North Little Rock, Arkansas. Per his death certificate, he was born 16 January 1882 in North Carolina to Lawrence Bynum and Edna [unknown]; was a retired farmer; lived at 904 G St., Dixie Addition; and was buried in Sullivan cemetery, Lonoke, Arkansas. Collie Bynum was informant.

Photo courtesy of Ancestry.com user chazsmiles.

Studio shots, no. 179: Rachel Bynum Scarborough family.

George and Rachel Bynum Scarborough, perhaps around the time of their marriage in 1906.

Rachel Bynum Scarborough and her children, probably circa 1940s.

The Bynums were among the dozens of Wilson County families who migrated to Lonoke County, Arkansas, in the late 19th century.

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On 30 January 1878, Lawrence Bynum, 23, married Edney Bynum, 16, in Wilson County. Lydia Bynum, James Ellis, and Millie Corbett were witnesses.

In the 1880 census of Saratoga township, Wilson County: laborer Larence Bynum, 24; wife Edney, 19; children James, 1, and Mary J., 1 month; mother-in-law Liddie, 55; brother Isac, 22, and sister-in-law Anna, 17.

In the 1900 census of Richwoods township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: Lawrence Bynum, 55; wife Edna, 39; children Ed, 25, Mary, 19, Charlie, 17, Hattie, 16, Rachel, 9, Lewis, 6, Cora, 3, and Lawrence, 11 months; grandsons Mack and Romie Notsie(?), 3 months; and son-in-law Ed Notsie(?), 25, farm laborer. The four oldest children were born in North Carolina. [Next door: Haywood and Agness Armstrong, who also migrated from Wilson County.]

In the 1900 census of Richwoods township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: George Scarborough, 47; wife Millie, 37; and children Walter, 16, George, 15, Martin, 11, Charity, 8, Council, 8, Ava Mariah, 6, Jessie, 4, Fannie, 2, and Joseph, 11 months. The oldest four children were born in North Carolina. [The Scarboroughs were listed two households from the Bynums.]

On 26 November 1906, George Scarborough, 24, of Cobbs, Lonoke County, married Rachel Scarborough, 17, of Cobbs, Lonoke County, in Lonoke County, Arkansas.

George Orange Scarborough registered for the World War I draft in 1918 in Lonoke County. Per his registration card, he was born 25 January 1884; lived on Route 2, Scott township, Lonoke County; farmed for Smith Daniels; and his contact was Rachel Scarborough.

In the 1920 census of Walls township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: on Community Road, George Scarborough, 36; wife Rachel, 30; and children James, 11, Berthrie, 9. Other, 5, Elsie, 3, and Ugine, 21 months.

In the 1930 census of Richwoods township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: widowed farmer Rachel Scarborough, 40, and children James, 20, Arthur Lee, 12, Eugene, 10, Mable, 9, Maude, 7, Flora Bell, 5, George, 3, and Rosetta, 

In the 1940 census of Richwoods township, Lonoke County, Arkansas: Jon Highway 31, ames Scarborough, 31; wife Louise, 18; mother Rachel, 51, widow; and siblings Eugene, 22, Mable T., 19, Modessa, 17, Flora Bell, 15, George Jr., 13, and Rosetta, 9.

Photos courtesy of Ancestry user LesBynum, who credits “Debra Jones’ personal collection.”

The obituary of Sallie Bynum, of the old school.

Wilson Daily Times, 20 January 1920.

Mystifyingly, I have not been able to locate Sallie Bynum‘s death certificate. “Dr. Herring” is probably Dr. Needham B. Herring (1839-1923). Dr. Herring was a native of Duplin County. In 1860, his father, Bryan W. Herring reported owning personal property in Duplin County valued at $29,143, most of which would have been in the form of enslaved people. Dr. Herring’s father-in-law, J.J.B. Vick of northern Nash County, reported $26,133 of personal property in 1860. It is not clear which “relatives of Dr. Herring” are referred to in this death notice.

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In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Sallie Bynum, 63, widow; daughters Lula, 21, and Burtha, 18; and boarder Rabeca Edwards, 22.

In the 1910 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Spring Street, Lue Williams, 34; boarder Sallie Bynum, 65, widow; and [Lue’s] daughter Lue B. Williams, 13, all factory laborers.

In the 1920 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Lodge Street, Sallie Bynum, 85, widow, and Marie, 6.

Clipping courtesy of J. Robert Boykin III.

Studio shots, no. 153: Robert David Bynum, Jr.

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Robert D. Bynum Jr. (1918-1994).

In the 1920 census of Cross Roads township, Wilson County: farmer David Bynum, 34; wife Hattie H., 26; and children Eva M., 3, and David Jr., 1.

In the 1940 census of Springhill township, Wilson County: Davaid Bynum, 53; wife Hattie, 46; and children Eva, 23, Daviod, 21, Effie, 17, Roy, 15, Nettie, 13, Olivia, 11, Doris, 8, and Deborah, 6.

In 1940, Robert David Bynum registered for the World War II draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 29 July 1918 in Wilson; lived at R.F.D. 1, Lucama; his contact was father David Bynum; and he worked for Howard Watson, Park Avenue, Wilson. The registrar noted that Bynum was “sick in bed with asthma.”

On 18 December 1943, Robert David Bynum Jr., 25, of Lucama, son of David and Hattie Bynum of Lucama, married Ruth Shaw, 21, of Kenly, daughter of Grocer and Nettie Shaw of Kenly, in Smithfield, Johnston County.

Robert David Bynum Jr. died 16 June 1994 in Lucama, Wilson County.

Photo courtesy of Leroy Barnes.