1920s

Where we worked, 1922 — Mc.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the eleventh in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • McBrayer Glenn S., attorney, 525 East Nash R3, 906 East Nash
  • McCadden, Preston, proprietor — The Eatmore, and chauffeur — 201 West Nash
  • McCall, James, driver — V.C. Langley & Co., 306 South
  • McClain, James, laborer, 806 East Nash
  • McClain, Julia, domestic, 806 East Nash
  • McClain, Neal, mill hand, 810 South Lodge
  • McCloud, James, laborer, 302 North East
  • McCormick, Blanche, cook, 304 East South
  • McCowan, William, bricklayer, 513 Church
  • McCoy, Bessie, laundress, 404 South Bruton
  • McCoy, Clyde, tobacco worker, 903 Mercer
  • McCoy, Frank, tobacco worker, 409 East Walnut
  • McCoy, George, tobacco worker, 613 Darden Alley
  • McCoy, Russell, driver, 119 West Walnut
  • McCrain, Frank, mill hand, 408 Maury
  • McCray, Emma, domestic, 808 Robinson [Roberson]
  • McCray, Mack, tobacco worker, 808 Robinson
  • McCray, Mary, domestic, 505 Hines
  • McCray, Susie, domestic, 505 Hines
  • McCrimon, Allen, laborer, 1011 Stantonsburg Road
  • McCrimon, Cicero, farmer 1011 Stantonsburg Road
  • McCrimon, Edwin, porter, 1011 Stantonsburg Road
  • McCullers, Clarence, driver, 118 Pender
  • McCullers, Rosa, cook, 118 Pender
  • McCullers, Edward, upholsterer, 622 Darden Alley
  • McCullom, Rosa, laundress, 622 Darden Alley
  • McDonald, John, laborer, 309 East Jones
  • McDougall, Joseph, tobacco worker, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • McDuffee, Bettie, cook, 901 East Nash
  • McDuffee, Percy, laborer, 901 East Nash
  • McKeithan, Isaac, porter, 910 Robinson [Roberson]
  • McKinley, John, laborer, 517 South Spring
  • McKnight, Henry, tobacco worker, 110 Manchester
  • McLean, Bessie, domestic, 107 North East
  • McLean, Edith, laundress, 503 East Green
  • McLean, Frank, tobacco worker, 204 Manchester
  • McLean, George, laborer, 410 East Hines
  • McLean, Henry, laborer, 303 North East
  • McLean, Lloyd, tobacco worker, 708 Robinson
  • McManon, Joseph, painter, 412 West Walnut
  • McMillan, Aleck, laborer, 500 Warren
  • McMillan, Annie, domestic, 500 Warren
  • McMillan, Dennis, laborer, 511 Stantonsburg Road
  • McMillan, Hosea, presser, 210 East Hines
  • McMillan, Mack, presser, 210 East Hines
  • McMillan, Sister, millworker, 705 South Lodge
  • McNair, Hubert, laborer, 1022 Robinson [Roberson]
  • McNair, Nora, domestic, 1022 Robinson
  • McNeal, Hassie, tobacco worker, 516 Smith
  • McNeal, Lina, domestic, 516 Smith
  • McNeal, Mary, laundress, 306 Elba
  • McNeal, William, tobacco worker, 306 Elba
  • McNeil, Maggie, maid – Wilson Sanatorium, Viola
  • McNeill, Angus, barber – James H, Barnes, home 610 Viola
  • McNeill, Mary, tobacco stemmer, 306 East South
  • McPhail, Bessie, teacher, 208 South Vick
  • McPhail, David, auto mechanic, 208 South Vick
  • McPhail, Mary, domestic, 208 South Vick
  • McPhail, Rayford J., janitor, 208 South Vick
  • McPherson, Ethel, domestic, 627 Wiggins
  • McPherson, Eula, tobacco worker, 503 Stantonsburg Road
  • McRay, Minnie, hairdresser, 807 East Nash

The Colored High School on display.

darden

This photograph of Wilson Colored High School was displayed in Philadelphia’s Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition of 1926. It was one of several dozen featured in an exhibit staged by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, Division of Negro Education. The caption: Cost of Building $65,000.00 — Total Value Colored School Property $96,250.00 — Total Population of the City 14,000 — Total Colored Population of City 6,650.

From Sesquicentennial International Exposition Photographs, Division of Negro Education, Department of Public Instruction, North Carolina State Archives.

Austin Branch killed accidentally.

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Wilson Daily Times, 19 December 1925.

Austin Branch, 50, son of Charles and Marjie Branch, married Lucinda Wood, 30, daughter of Albert and Harriett Wood, on 11 November 1906 in Wilson. Free Will Baptist minister W.H. Neal performed the ceremony in the presence of Martha Wood, Martha Ann Hearon, and Thomas Williams.

In the 1910 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Gay Street, factory laborer Austin Branch, 45, and wife Lucinda, 33, both Virginia-born. Austin was twice-married.

In the 1920 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 818 Robinson [Roberson], oil mill laborer Austin Branch, 59, and wife Cindy, 47, tobacco factory worker.

Austin Branch died 17 December 1925 at the Colored Hospital in Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was about 55 years old; married to Lucinda Branch; resided at 1016 Robinson [Roberson] Street; was born in Enfield, N.C.; and worked as a day laborer at Farmers’ Oil Mill.

“Hemorrhage & shock from accident — Mutilated right leg from accident at oil mill.”

On 20 March 1926, the Wilson County Superior Court granted letters of administration for the estate of Austin Branch. Per the application, his estate was valued at about $750, and his heirs were widow Lucinda Branch, Charlie Branch, Hettie Branch and Bernice Branch.

Where we worked, 1922 — L.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the tenth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Lafter, John, painter, 514 East Spruce
  • Lamb, William, laborer, 519 South Lodge
  • Lane, Frederick, laborer, 407 North Lane
  • Lane, Lula, domestic, 501 South Railroad
  • Lane, Rosa, domestic, 407 North Pine
  • Langley, Jerry J., grocer, 901 Viola
  • Lassiter, Dempsey, fireman, 106 South East
  • Lassiter, Henry, carpenter, 518 East Nash
  • Lassiter, Matilda, laundress, 415 South Railroad
  • Lassiter, Sylvester, farmer, 415 South Railroad
  • Leach, Bessie, domestic, 403 Spring Street alley
  • Leach, Louisa, cook, 403 Spring Street alley
  • Leavister, Bradford, helper, 404 East Bank[s]
  • Leavister, Rayford, helper, 404 East Bank[s]
  • Lee, Ada, tobacco worker, 514 Smith
  • Lee, Fletcher, horseshoer — J.Y. Buchanan, 114 Manchester
  • Lee, James, laborer, 402 South Daniel
  • Lee, James, laborer, 531 Smith
  • Lee, Mamie, domestic, 401 Viola
  • Lee, Mary, domestic, 413 South Railroad
  • Lee, Octavia, domestic, 114 Manchester
  • Leggett, John, waiter, 121 Ashe
  • Legion, Dicey, tobacco worker, 605 East Nash
  • Lenzy, George, barber, 504 East Goldsboro
  • Leonard, Annie, trained nurse, 117 Darden Alley
  • Leonard, Samuel, laborer, 117 Darden Alley
  • Lewis, Jane, laundress, 102 Pender
  • Lewis, John, carpenter, 411 North Vick
  • Lewis, John H., carpenter, 411 North Vick
  • Lewis, Turner, laborer, 211 South Railroad
  • Lewis, William, tobacco worker, 118 Ashe
  • Lilly, Charles, laborer, 505 East Hines
  • Lilly, Edna, domestic, 505 East Hines
  • Lindsay, George, barber, 504 South Goldsboro
  • Lindsay, Myrtle, laundress, 504 South Goldsboro
  • Little, James, laborer, 618 East Vance
  • Little, Lula, tobacco worker, 414 South Spring
  • Lloyd, Henrietta, laundress, 102 Ashe
  • Lovitt, Almus A., horseshoer — G.T. Pervis, 301 North Vick
  • Lovitt, Letitia, dressmaker, 301 North Vick
  • Lucas, Gertie, cook, 406 South Bruton
  • Lucas, Henry, drayman, 307 East Jones
  • Lucas, James, shoe polisher, 307 East Jones
  • Lucas, John, porter, 114 South East
  • Lucas, LeRoy, driver, 307 East Jones
  • Lucas, Lucille, hair dresser — Carrie Strickland, East Jones
  • Lucas, Luther, laborer, 1108 Wainwright Avenue
  • Lucas, Polly, tobacco worker, 107 Manchester
  • Lucas, Sarah, private secretary — Amos Batts, Elm City
  • Lucas, Stanley, tobacco worker, 114 South East
  • Lucas, Susan, cook, 316 Pender
  • Lumsden, Creecy, domestic, 614 Wiggins
  • Lyons, Lonnie, tobacco worker, 603 South Spring

 

 

 

Brown’s Service Station.

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This undated photograph is found in a scrapbook belonging to the Oliver Nestus Freeman family.

Brown’s Service Station stood at 1216 East Nash Street. Containing a small grocery, it was an early precursor to today’s convenience store. Per a label, Nestus Freeman is one of the men depicted; my guess is the man at left holding the gasoline pump nozzle. Note the Coca-Cola and Texaco advertising.

Entry under “Grocers–Retail” in the 1925 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., City Directory.

Freeman’s album is among the documents digitized by DigitalNC.org in the Oliver Nestus Freeman Round House Museum Group of the Images of North Carolina Collection. 

Where we worked, 1922 — J and K.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the ninth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Jackson, Annie S., domestic, 618 East Green
  • Jackson, Benjamin H., barber — W.M. Hines, 721 East Green
  • Jackson, Elise, teacher, 618 East Green
  • Jackson, Joseph S., laborer, 618 East Green
  • Jacobs, Elizabeth, domestic, 302 North East
  • Jacobs, Jesse, janitor, 303 Elba
  • Jacobs, Lillie B., cook, 705 South Lodge
  • Jacobs, Sarah, domestic, 303 Elba
  • James, Mary, tobacco worker, 307 Stantonsburg Road
  • James, Robert, tobacco worker, 307 Stantonsburg Road
  • James, William, laborer, 201 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jarvin, Clinton, laborer, 407 North Pine
  • Jefferson, Charles, tobacco worker, 213 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jefferson, John, carpenter, 521 South Spring
  • Jefferson, Maggie, tobacco worker, 627 Wiggins
  • Jefferson, Robert, laborer, 706 Walnut
  • Jeffrey, Ethel, domestic, 912 Washington
  • Jeffreys, Addie, cook, 310 Spring Street Alley
  • Jeffries, Janie, laundress, 607 Spruce
  • Jeffries, Kate, laundress, 600 South Daniel
  • Jeffries, Mary, domestic, 507 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jeffries, Nathan, drayman, 607 Spruce
  • Jenkins, Frank, blacksmith, 404 East Hines
  • Jenkins, Frank, tobacco worker, 317 South Goldsboro
  • Jenkins, Tessie, tobacco worker, 306 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jennings, Mary M., teacher, 307 Pender
  • Johnson, Amos, laborer 609 East Nash
  • Johnson, Beatrice, cook, 529 South Lodge
  • Johnson, Bertha, tobacco worker, 510 South Goldsboro
  • Johnson, Edward, grocer 708 South Goldsboro, 406 East Hines
  • Johnson, Ella, laundress, 316 South Lodge
  • Johnson, Frank, laborer, 515 Railroad
  • Johnson, Jake, proprietor — Busy Bee Shoe Shine Parlor, 513 East Nash
  • Johnson, Lee, shoemaker 517 East Nash, 206 North East
  • Johnson, Lula, domestic, 506 Smith
  • Johnson, Marjorie, tobacco worker, 207 South Railroad
  • Johnson, Richmond, gardener, 911 East Vance
  • Johnson, William, laborer, 506 Smith
  • Johnson, William A., cook, 910 Mercer
  • Johnson, Winnie, laundress, 529 South Lodge
  • Jones, Charles, barber 914 East Nash, 912 East Nash
  • Jones, Christine, tobacco worker, 1009 Mercer
  • Jones, Edward, bricklayer, 202 Pender
  • Jones, Edward, laborer, 107 West Walnut
  • Jones, Elmira, tobacco worker, 1009 Mercer
  • Jones, Estella, laundress, 513 Railroad
  • Jones, Frank, laborer, 509 South Bruton
  • Jones, Geneva, laundress, 506 Grace
  • Jones, Harriet, domestic, 1000 Robinson [Roberson]
  • Jones, Isaiah, butcher, 500 East Vance
  • Jones, Levi H., proprietor — The Mayflower, 114 Pender
  • Jones, Mack, drayman, 502 South Lodge
  • Jones, Martha, domestic, 901 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jones, Maud, cook, 207 South Bruton
  • Jones, Melvin, tobacco worker, 708 East Vance
  • Jones, Nannie, domestic, 621 East Vance
  • Jones, Noel, farmer, 1009 Mercer
  • Jones, Noel, tobacco stemmer, 409 Bank [Banks]
  • Jones, Pearl, cook, 311 East Jones
  • Jones, Roberta, cook, 404 South Bruton
  • Jones, Sadie, domestic, 202 Pender
  • Jones, Samuel, barber The Mayflower, 500 East Vance
  • Jones, Vicey, laborer, 505 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jones, Walter, driver, 507 Grace
  • Jones, Wesley, laborer, 901 Stantonsburg Road
  • Jones, William H., teacher, 307 Hackney
  • Jordan, Delia, domestic, 614 Wiggins
  • Jordan, Mollie, tobacco worker, 628 Wiggins
  • Joyner, Farrar, fireman, 418 Walnut Alley
  • Joyner, George H., shoe repairer, 529 East Nash
  • Joyner, Lou, tobacco worker, 406 South Goldsboro
  • Joyner, Mazie, tobacco worker, 496 South Goldsboro
  • Joyner, Thomas, porter, Atlantic extended
  • Kenner, George, drayman, 528 East Barnes
  • Kenner, James, driver, 528 East Barnes
  • Key, Clarence, porter, 621 Suggs
  • Killebrew, Needham, driver, 311 Hackney
  • Kindell, Charles, janitor, 121 Pender
  • Kindell, Jessie, domestic, 121 Pender
  • King, Alberta, domestic, 203 North East
  • King, Andrew, tobacco worker, 205 South Spruce
  • King, Chaney, laundress, 205 South Spruce
  • King, Ernest, driver, 316 Pender
  • King, Henrietta, cook, 651 Wiggins
  • King, Ludie, laborer, 203 North East
  • King, Martha, tobacco worker, 649 Wiggins
  • King, Mary, domestic, 203 East Spruce
  • King, Mary H., laundress, 205 East Spruce
  • King, William, farmer, 203 East Spruce
  • King, William, laborer, 111 West Gold
  • Kittrell, Letta, domestic, 807 Viola
  • Kittrell, Mary, domestic, 708 East Green
  • Kittrell, William H., brick layer, 708 East Green
  • Knight, Ada, clerk — Nelson Green, 607 South Lodge
  • Knight, Elsie, domestic, 112 Pender
  • Knight, Frank, chauffeur, 112 Pender
  • Knight, Frederick, laborer, 402 South Daniel
  • Knight, James H., blacksmith Thomas & Barnes, 607 South Lodge
  • Knight, John, teacher, 704 Suggs
  • Knight, Nancy, laundress, 607 South Lodge
  • Knight, Rosa, tobacco worker, 209 North East
  • Knights of King Solomon Inc., 205 South Stantonsburg Road, W.M. Pierce G.H.P., Amos Potts G.S.
  • Kornegy, Bryant, pastor — Christ Disciples Church, Kinston N.C.
  • Korney, Elbert, tobacco worker, 203 South Stantonburg Road

Notes:

  • The Grand Scribe of the Knights of King Solomon was Amos Batts, not Potts.