1920s

Where we worked, 1922: H and I.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the seventh in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Hadley, Hattie, laundress, 607 East Nash
  • Hagan, Cora, tobacco worker, 1205 Carolina
  • Hagan, Dicey, domestic, 212 South East
  • Hagan, Henry, laborer, 404 Spring Street Alley
  • Hagan, Isaac, laborer, 409 Young’s Alley
  • Hagan, John, farmer, 212 South East
  • Hagan, Jonah, cook, 1205 Carolina
  • Hagan, May, laundress, 409 Young’s Alley
  • Hall, Bettie, tobacco worker, 901 Atlanta
  • Hall, Chester, tobacco worker, 404 Spring Street Alley
  • Hall, Jerre H., carpenter, 901 Atlanta [Atlantic]
  • Hall, Luther, dairyman, 408 Whitley
  • Hall, Purley, orderly — Wilson Sanatorium [see below]
  • Hall, Rosa, laundress, 212 East Hines
  • Hall, Victoria, maid, 125 Ashe
  • Hanesworth, Charles, tobacco worker, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Essie, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Minnie, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Rufus, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Haney, Sing, tobacco worker, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hardy, Carrie, laundress, 209 South Reid
  • Hardy, Cornelius, tobacco worker, 209 South Reid
  • Hargrave, Frank S., physician, 624 East Green
  • Hargrave, Willie, domestic, 605 East Green
  • Hargraves, Donald, barber, 1110 Carolina
  • Hargraves, Duncan, carpenter, 1110 Carolina
  • Hargrove, Elias S., Rev., 803 Viola
  • Harper, Charles, carpenter, 1106 East Nash
  • Harper, Luicinda, domestic, 1106 East Nash
  • Harrell, Charles T., bricklayer, 503 Railroad
  • Harrell, Grady, bellman, 411 East Green
  • Harrell, Thomas, laborer, 802 South Lodge
  • Harrington, Edward, section hand, 412 East Jones
  • Harrington, Sarah, laundress, 514 East Nash
  • Harris, Alus, grocer, 1009 Carolina, 1007 Carolina
  • Harris, Bessie, laundress, 411 Young’s Alley
  • Harris, David, laborer, 411 Young’s Alley
  • Harris, Emma, tobacco worker, 208 East Hines
  • Harris, George, laborer, 613 Stantonsburg Road
  • Harris, Henry, bricklayer, 208 East Hines
  • Harris, James, laborer, 208 East Hines
  • Harris, James, tobacco worker, 407 East Walnut
  • Harris, John, tobacco worker, 208 Manchester
  • Harris, Pearl, cook, 703 East Nash
  • Harrison, Lillie, cook, 531 Smith
  • Harrison, Zeke, laborer, 117 Manchester
  • Harvey, Love, barber, 114 East Barnes, 410 East Walnut
  • Harvey, Roscoe L., barber – Love Harvey, 410 East Walnut
  • Haskins, Annie, laundress, 404 South Daniel
  • Haskins, Gertrude, laundress, 508 Warren
  • Haskins, James, porter, 530 East Barnes
  • Haskins, Lester, tobacco worker, 404 South Daniel
  • Haskins, Martha, cook, 505 West Nash
  • Haskins, Robert, bottler, 508 Warren
  • Haskins, Sarah, laundress, 507 Hadley
  • Hatcher, Thomas, bricklayer, 1002 Mercer
  • Hawkins, George, laborer, 902 Viola
  • Hawkins, Otha, bricklayer, 307 Elba
  • Hawkins, Robert, factory hand, 215 East Spruce
  • Hayes, Edward J., principal – Stantonsburg Street Public School 613 East Green
  • Hayes, Ella, laundress, 505 Railroad
  • Hedgepeth, Fannie, laundress, 310 East Walnut
  • Hedgepeth, Jennie, cook, 104 Ashe
  • Hennett, Henry, tobacco worker, 402 Spring Street Alley
  • Henry, Daniel, laborer, 407 East Green
  • Henry, Robert, bricklayer, 141 East Bank[s]
  • Herring, Amos, laborer, 705 South Lodge
  • Herring, Arthur, farmer, 616 Railroad
  • Herring, Ella, laundress, 616 Railroad
  • Herring, Jane, tobacco worker, 616 Railroad
  • Herring, Jesse, laborer, 416 Whitley
  • Herring, Mattie, domestic, 616 Railroad
  • Hicks, Dolly, attendant – Dr. M.E. DuBrisette [DuBissette], East Green extended
  • Higgins, Martha, laundress, 910 East Nash
  • Highsmith, Neal, barber – The Mayflower, 717 Viola
  • Highsmith, William J., barber – W.M. Hines, 802 East Vance
  • Hill, Anna, cook, 306 Pender
  • Hill, Edward, plasterer, 308 North Reid
  • Hill, Henrietta, maid, 205 Pender
  • Hill, James A., laborer, 610 Railroad
  • Hill, John, tobacco worker, 610 Railroad
  • Hill, Joseph, carpenter, 117 Ashe
  • Hill, Lillie, tobacco worker, 610 Railroad
  • Hill, Lula, domestic, 631 Wiggins
  • Hill, Maude, laundress, 117 Ashe
  • Hines, Allie, laundress, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Amos, fish [market?], 609 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hines, Amos, fish, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Charles, grocer E Nash extended, 643 Wiggins
  • Hines, George, porter, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Harvey, laborer, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Henry, laborer, 404 South Goldsboro
  • Hines, John, laborer, 502 South Daniel
  • Hines, Mary, tobacco worker, 504 Grace
  • Hines, Robert, helper, 546 East Nash
  • Hines, Sarah, laundress, 631 Suggs
  • Hines, Sylvester, machinist, 409 Viola
  • Hines, Walter S., barber 215 East Nash, 617 East Green
  • Hines, William M., barber 113 South Tarboro, 615 East Green
  • Hinnant, Annie, domestic, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Arthur, laborer, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Cora, domestic, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Edward, soft drinks 825 Stantonsburg Road, 903 Stantonsburg Road
  • Hinnant, Edwin L., cashier city clerk, 301 Whitehead Avenue
  • Hinnant, Frank, porter — Dildy & Agnew, Pender corner Viola
  • Hinton, Hardy, cooper, 817 Mercer
  • Hinton, Maggie, maid, 107 South Carroll
  • Hinton, Massie, cook, 107 South Carroll
  • Hinton, Matthew, plasterer, 603 South Lodge
  • Hinton, Moses, laborer 516 Smith
  • Hinton, Ola, laundress, 516 Smith
  • Hocutt, Ella, domestic, 616 Darden Alley
  • Hodge, Frank, driver, 520 Carroll
  • Hodge, Harriet, laundress, 520 Carroll
  • Hodge, Isaac, tobacco worker, 407 East Green
  • Hodge, Rena, domestic, 109 North East
  • Horn, Arthur, laborer, 406 Spring Street Alley
  • Horne, Missouri, laundress — Wilson Sanatorium, 214 Manchester
  • Hoskin, Joseph, tobacco worker, 524 East Barnes
  • Hotel Lynnhaven, 537 East Nash, Gertrude Adams proprietor
  • Howard, Ada, domestic, 402 Whitley
  • Howard, Charles, tobacco worker, Bank near Goldsboro
  • Howard, John, fireman, 701 South Spring
  • Howard, Lula, domestic, 906 Atlanta
  • Howard, Walter, laborer, 902 East Nash
  • Howell, Annie, domestic, 304 North East
  • Howell, Howard, laborer, 304 North East
  • Howell, William, laborer, 525 Stemmery
  • Huggins, Mary, tobacco worker, 611 Gay
  • Humphrey, Edward D., cooper, 707 South Goldsboro
  • Hunt, Linn, helper, 510 Railroad
  • Hunter, Annie, tobacco worker, 402 South Bruton
  • Hunter, Edward, bottler, 1201 Washington Avenue
  • Hunter, Lossie, maid, 1201 Washington Avenue
  • Hurst, William M., cook – A.M. Lewis, 908 Atlantic
  • Hussey, Florence, laundress, 707 East Nash
  • Hutchins, Levi, tobacco worker, 513 Warren
  • Hutchins, Tillie, domestic, 513 Warren
  • Hyman, Bessie, domestic, 600 South Daniel
  • Hyman, James, tobacco worker, 905 Robinson
  • Hyman, Lea, domestic, 414 Whitley
  • Hyman, Louvenia, domestic, 600 South Daniel
  • Hyman, Samuel, butler, 600 South Daniel
  • Ideal Pharmacy, 557 East Nash, D.C. Yancey proprietor
  • Ingram, Edward, laborer 505 South Mercer
  • Ingram, Jessie, cook, 111 North Rountree
  • Isam, Roy, laborer, 604 South Daniel

Notes:

  • Asterisk notwithstanding, Edwin Hinnant was certainly not “colored,” and was likely deeply unhappy to find himself so designated in the city directory.
  • The Hotel Lynnhaven was located where Artis’ Barbershop later stood for several decades.

At right, the old Wilson Sanatorium Annex in October 2018. Its marquee is just visible above the roof of the adjacent building.

 

Anatomy of a photograph: East Nash Street.

This rare postcard depicts an equally rare image of East Wilson’s early business district in the 500 block of East Nash Street. Close examination of the photograph reveals fascinating details, many of which help date the image. The photographer set up his camera near the curb (a surprising feature!) on the south side of the street. First Missionary Baptist Church, built in 1913, would have been across from and slightly behind him. On the far horizon looms the brick bulk of the Hotel Cherry, built in 1917.

At least ten people — all of whom appear to be male — were captured in the image, including these seven standing or walking along the right side of the street:

These commercial buildings supply clues to the location of the photo. The three-story building, constructed in 1894, is Odd Fellows Hall, home to Hannibal Lodge #1552. Its ground floor contained an ever-changing array of store fronts, and a sign for Maynard’s Market/Fish & Oysters is visible here. As early as 1914, Samuel Vick‘s Globe vaudeville and moving picture theatre was housed on the second floor. The sign hanging from the corner of the building pointed the way to the theatre’s side entrance.

The three-story frame building beside the Odd Fellows Hall was the Hotel Union, managed by Mary Jane Sutzer Taylor Henderson. Here lies a clue to the photograph’s date. In the 1908 and 1913 Sanborn fire insurance maps, there is an empty lot between the Union and the hall.

1908.

1913.

However, by 1922, a one-story wooden structure, housing a barber shop and sharing a wall with the hotel/boarding house, appears in the gap. See below. (Note also that the theatre’s exterior staircase is gone, traded for enclosed access.) This building, with its shallow gable-end roof, is visible in the postcard image.

1922.

The Model T Fords (and a single mule and wagon) also help date the photo to the early 1920s.

There is an artificial quality about the neatly trimmed hedges and suspiciously uniform trees ranged along the left side of the street. Though this portion of the image may have been hand-drawn, that side of the 500 block was in fact lined with private homes.

Families living in this block included the Mitchells, (#540), the Sutzers (#536), and the Yanceys (#538).

This stretch of East Nash Street today, courtesy of Google Maps. The commercial buildings on the right side of the street, including the historic Odd Fellows Hall, were demolished in the 1990s.

Postcard image courtesy of J. Robert Boykin III, Historic Wilson in Vintage Postcards (2003).

Sale of the Morrison-Forbes lots.

Plat Book 3, Page 3, Register of Deeds Office, Wilson County Courthouse.

In 1924, Atlantic Coast Realty Company prepared to market thirteen lots carved from the Rountree subdivision. Only one building is drawn — a brick grocery at the corner of Nash and South Vick. The 1922 Sanborn fire insurance map shows the houses already on the lots excluded from the plat map.

The area covered by lots 2, 3, 4, 5, 8 and 9 of the left-hand block is today roughly the site of Saint Mark’s Episcopal Church at 106 South Reid Street.

Where we worked: 1922 — F.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the sixth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Fagin, Mittie, laundress, 602 South Spring
  • Faison, Colonel, blacksmith, 406 East Bank[s]
  • Faison, Rufus, tobacco worker, 303 Mercer
  • Faison, Thomas, tobacco worker, 504 Bank
  • Faison, William, tobacco worker, 504 Bank
  • Faithful, Mamie, teacher, 303 Stantonsburg Avenue
  • Farmer, Alfred, laborer, 605 Spruce
  • Farmer, Annie, laundress, 309 Hackney
  • Farmer, Annie, laundress, 215 East Spruce
  • Farmer, Blanche, laundress, 404 Young’s Alley
  • Farmer, Charles W., butler, 611 Spruce
  • Farmer, Eli, laborer, 144 Narroway
  • Farmer, Ella, tobacco worker, 412 South Spring
  • Farmer, Essie, tobacco worker, 409 South Goldsboro
  • Farmer, Eula, domestic, 205 North Reid
  • Farmer, George, porter, 507 West Hines
  • Farmer, George, driver, 613 Spruce
  • Farmer, Jefferson, porter, 404 Young’s Alley
  • Farmer, Jesse, tobacco worker, 611 West Hines
  • Farmer, John W., driver, 706 East Green
  • Farmer, Julius, laborer, 810 West Nash
  • Farmer, Lawrence, porter, 503 Viola
  • Farmer, Lelia, laundress, 138 Narroway
  • Farmer, Maggie, cook, 611 Spruce
  • Farmer, Mamie, laundress, 613 Spruce
  • Farmer, Mary, laundress, 500 Grace
  • Farmer, Orlando, laborer, 804 East Nash
  • Farmer, Richard, laborer, 412 East Jones
  • Farmer, Viola, tobacco worker, 138 Narroway
  • Farmer, Waverly, janitor, 616 East Green
  • Farmer, William, porter, 205 North Reid
  • Farrior, Henry W., Rev., 203 Pender
  • Faucette, John, tobacco worker, 208 Manchester
  • Faulkland, J.R., barber — James H. Barnes, 718 Viola
  • Faulkland, Walter, barber — The Mayflower, 721 East Green
  • Fentress, John, laborer, 407 Spring Street Alley
  • Ferguson, Mary, domestic, 404 Whitley
  • Ferrell, Ernest, cook, 704 Suggs
  • Fields, Henrietta, domestic, 714 East Green
  • Finch, Rosa, domestic, 122 Pender
  • Finch, Solomon, tobacco worker, 122 Pender
  • First Baptist Church, Pender corner Nash
  • Fisher, Harrison, tobacco worker, 304 Spring Street Alley
  • Fitts, Courtney, teacher, 1005 Washington Avenue
  • Fitts, Howard M., teacher, 1005 Washington Avenue
  • Floyd, Amos, butler, 420 East Green
  • Floyd, Carolina, maid, 315 South Goldsboro
  • Floyd, June, section hand, 711 South Goldsboro
  • Floyd, Mattie, laundress, 420 East Green
  • Ford, Curtis, carpenter, 604 East Green
  • Ford, Freda, cook, 607 East Green
  • Ford, Sula, domestic, 400 East Hines
  • Ford, William, helper, 700 South Spring
  • Foster, Henrietta, trained nurse, 203 Pender
  • Foster, Hugh, carpenter, 411 East Green
  • Foster, Maggie, domestic, 411 East Green
  • Fox, Dervis, carpenter, 1203 Carolina
  • Fox, Lula, laundress, 1203 Carolina
  • Franklin, James, laborer, 523 South Lodge
  • Frankin, John, laborer, 506 Grace
  • Franklin, Mary, domestic, 413 South Railroad
  • Franklin, William, laborer, 413 South Railroad
  • Frazier, Mitchell, laborer, 317 South Goldsboro
  • Frazier, Evan, tobacco worker, 904 Mercer
  • Free Will Baptist Church, East Vance corner Elba
  • Free Will Baptist Church, Lane near Woodard Avenue
  • Freeman, Hattie, domestic, 1115 Atlanta [Atlantic]
  • Freeman, James A., porter, rear 110 West Nash
  • Freeman, Julius, bricklayer, 1115 Atlanta
  • Freeman, O. Nestus, bricklayer, East Nash extended
  • Freeman, Rosa, cook, rear 110 West Nash
  • Furney, William, tobacco worker, 306 East South

Notes:

 

Where we worked: 1922 — E.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the fifth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Earl, David, millhand, 215 East Spruce
  • Earl, James, orderly, Moore-Herring Hospital, 27 Carolina
  • Eat More, The, soft drinks, Pender corner of East Green, Preston McCadden proprietor
  • Eatman, Arthur, tobacco worker, 711 East Green
  • Eatman, Fred, cook — Leonard C. Lewis
  • Eatman, Patsy, laundress, 711 East Green
  • Eddy, Evander, confectioner, 313 South, 410 South Bruton
  • Eddy, Lula, domestic, 410 South Bruton
  • Edmundson, Mack, carpenter, 308 North Reid
  • Edmundson, Necie, cook, 507 East Green
  • Edwards, Calvin S., plumber, 529 East Nash, (home) 518 East Nash
  • Edwards, Caroline, domestic, 215 Stantonsburg Road
  • Edwards, Frank, house mover, 303 East Jones
  • Edwards, Henry, tobacco worker, 402 South Goldsboro
  • Edwards, Mamie, domestic, 508 Stantonsburg Road
  • Edwards, Meta, domestic, 506 Grace
  • Edwards, Peter, laborer, 110 South Vick
  • Edwards, Silas, laborer, 507 Railroad
  • Elliott, William, janitor – City Hall, 110 Ashe
  • Ellis, Augustus, laborer, 526 South Lodge
  • Ellis, George W., janitor, 1101 Atlanta [Atlantic]
  • Ellis, James, tobacco worker, 509 East Green
  • Ellis, James B., concrete worker, 818 Mercer
  • Ellis, Mary, domestic, 705 East Nash
  • Ellis, Morris, barber, 316 South Spring
  • Ellis, Rachel, domestic, 202 West Lee
  • Ellis, Robert, tobacco worker, 801 East Nash
  • Ellis, Sallie, domestic, 408 East Bank[s]
  • Ellis, Windsor, laborer, 202 West Lee
  • Ennis, Henry, messenger, 405 North Pine
  • Ennis, Hennie, laundress, 405 North Pine
  • Evans, Charles, tobacco worker, 811 Robinson [Roberson]
  • Evans, Elizabeth, laundress, 709 East Green
  • Evans, Frank, waiter, 116 Pender
  • Evans, Joseph P., driver – Allen-Worley Furniture Company, Viola near Pender
  • Ezzell, Ira P., plasterer, 542 East Nash

Notes:

Screen Shot 2018-10-09 at 9.34.39 PM.png

  • Leonard C. Lewis operated a restaurant at 110 East Kenan Street.

 

The only colored school with a domestic science class.

Screen Shot 2018-10-09 at 10.44.45 PM.png

Wilson Daily Times, 8 April 1921.

  • Elm City Colored Graded School
  • Prof. J.D. Reid — Reid was principal of the Wilson Colored Graded School.
  • Prof. W.S. Washington
  • Mary Howard — in the 1920 census of Toisnot township, Wilson County: on the Elm City and Wilson Road, farmer Junius Rosser, 59, wife Lizzie, 46, children Daniel, 14, Annie, 12, Bennie, 10, and Lizzie, 8, and boarder Mary Howard, 19, a teacher.

Where we worked: 1922 — D.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the fourth in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Dale, Lucy, midwife, 519 South Spring
  • Darden, Arthur N., (C.H.D. & Sons), 111 Pender
  • Darden, C.H. & Sons (C.H., C.L. & A.N.), undertakers, 608-610 East Nash
  • Darden, Camillus L., (C.H.D. & Sons), 500 East Green
  • Darden, Charles H., (C.H.D. & Sons), 111 Pender
  • Darden, Major, tobacco worker, 505 Smith
  • Darden, Wade, tobacco worker, 306 Spring Street Alley
  • Darden, Walter T., clerk – C.H. Darden & Sons), 111 Pender
  • Darden, Zadie, laundress, 903 Mercer
  • Darden’s Hall, 610 East Nash
  • Davis, Addie, teacher, 621 East Nash
  • Davis, Frederick, paperhanger, 621 East Nash
  • Davis, Godfrey, farmer, 803 Mercer
  • Davis, James, laborer, 609 Gay
  • Davis, James, laborer, 518 East Nash
  • Davis, John, laborer, 313 Stantonsburg Road
  • Davis, Laura, domestic, 511 East Green
  • Davis, Louisa, tobacco worker, 509 South Mercer
  • Davis, Luther, laborer, 609 Gay
  • Davis, Mamie, tobacco worker, 803 Mercer
  • Davis, Susan, tobacco worker, 515 Railroad
  • Davis, Tiney, tobacco worker, 509 South Mercer
  • Dawson, Jane, tobacco worker, 215 Stantonsburg Road
  • Day, Charles, cook, 305 Mercer
  • Deans, James T., Rev., 514 South Lodge
  • Deberry, Andrew, cook, 208 Sunshine Alley
  • Deberry, Charity, tobacco worker, 215 Stantonsburg Road
  • Deberry, Irene, cook, 614 East Green
  • Deberry, James, tobacco worker, 317 Stantonsburg Road
  • DeBose, James, laborer, 133 Ashe
  • DeBose, Lillie, domestic, 133 Ashe
  • Delicatessen, The, 519 East Nash, C.E. Artis proprietor
  • Dempsey, Mattie, tobacco worker, 412 South Spring
  • De Vaughn, Ethel, domestic, 212 Finch
  • De Vaughn, Lee, carpenter, 212 Finch
  • De Vaughn, Sarah, domestic, 305 North East
  • Dew, Daisy, cook, 604 South Lodge
  • Dew, Joseph, farmer, 705 South Goldsboro
  • Dew, Junius, tobacco worker, 604 South Lodge
  • Dew, Laura, laundress, East Nash extended
  • Dew, Lizzie, tobacco worker, 712 East Green
  • Dew, Ross, tobacco worker, 712 East Green
  • Dew, Willliam, fireman, 523 South Spring
  • Dew, Zeb, cook, 906 Mercer
  • Dewel, Harry, laborer, 204 Sunshine Alley
  • Dickens, Creecy, domestic, 116 Pender
  • Dickens, Paul, tobacco worker, 516 Church
  • Dickens, Richard, laborer, 116 Pender
  • Dickens, Washington, laborer, 600 Stantonsburg Road
  • Dickson, Herbert, tobacco worker, 414 Stantonsburg Road
  • Dickson, Lillie, tobacco worker, 414 Stantonsburg Road
  • Diggs, E. Hiram, barber – W.S. Hines, 205 North Vick
  • Diggs, Henry, farmer, 703 Suggs
  • Dillard, Annie M., student, 604 South Spring
  • Dixon, Alice, tobacco worker, 500 South Lodge
  • Dixon, Gladys, domestic, 406 Whitley
  • Dixon, William, shoe repairer, 500 South Lodge
  • Dowd, Cora, domestic, 516 Carroll
  • Drake, Grady, laborer, 215 Manchester
  • Drake, Sallie, laundress, 215 Manchester
  • Dubissette, Michael E., physician, 550 East Nash, (home) 911 East Green
  • Dudley, Henry, carpenter, 205 North Vick
  • Dunn, John, tobacco stemmer, 800 East Nash
  • Dunn, Noah, tobacco worker, 800 East Nash
  • Dunn, Richard, Rev., 800 East Nash
  • Dunston, Allen, helper, 806 South Lodge
  • Dunston, Caroline, laundress, 800 South Lodge
  • Dunston, Charles, tobacco worker, 800 South Lodge
  • Dunston, Evelyn, tobacco worker, 800 South Lodge
  • Dupre, Nancy, tobacco worker, 106 South Vick
  • Dupre, Wiley, tobacco worker, 106 South Vick
  • Dupree, David, painter, 416 Walnut Alley
  • Dupree, Edward, laborer, 518 Church
  • Durdin, William, laborer, Mercer near Five Points Settlement

Where we worked: 1922 — C.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the third in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Calvary Presbyterian Church, Green at corner of Pender
  • Cannon, Charles, carpenter, 724 East Green
  • Cannon, Lavalier, domestic, 724 East Green
  • Cannon, Mack D., barber, 505 East Nash, (home) 201 Pender
  • Cannon, Stattie, dressmaker, 724 East Green
  • Carroll, Dave, plasterer, 113 South East
  • Carroll, Lizzie, tobacco worker, 412 Spring Street Alley
  • Carroll, Mack, chauffeur, 412 Spring Street Alley
  • Carroll, William, gardener, 412 Spring Street Alley
  • Carter, Clarence, laborer, 418 East Green
  • Carter, Harry, drayman, East Nash extended
  • Carter, Isabella, domestic, 904 East Nash
  • Carter, Milford, cook, 905 Viola
  • Carter, Robert, bicycle mechanic – C.H. Darden & Sons, 904 East Nash
  • Carvit, Henrietta, cook, 610 South Spring
  • Chambers, Peter, laborer, 314 South Lodge
  • Chambers, Zeb, laborer, 200 West Lee
  • Chambliss, John, tobacco worker, 137 Narroway
  • Cherry, Henry, bellman, 411 East Green
  • Chestnut, Ben, tobacco worker, 304 Spring Street Alley
  • Chick, Cleveland C., barber – W.S. Hines, 311 Pender
  • Chiney, Patience, cook, 109 West Gold
  • Christ Disciples Church, 707 South Spring, Rev. Bryant Kornegy pastor
  • Citizens Garage, East Nash Road extended, Joseph Williams proprietor
  • Clark, Ada, domestic, 805 Wiggins
  • Clark, Bettie, domestic, 606 East Green
  • Clark, Flora R., student, 706 East Nash
  • Clark, John H., carrier – Post Office, 706 East Nash
  • Clark, Letha, dressmaker, 606 East Green
  • Clark, Meta, tobacco worker, 805 Wiggins
  • Clark, Mittie, cook, 607 West Vance
  • Clark, Samuel, laborer, 810 Robinson [Robeson]
  • Clark, Sarah, laundress, 606 East Green
  • Clayton, Freeman, farmer, 515 Smith
  • Clements, James, tobacco worker, 905 Robinson
  • Clements, Mollie, laundress, 905 Robinson
  • Cloffer, George, helper, 310 South Lodge
  • Cobb, Arthur, laborer, 703 East Nash
  • Cobb, Bettie, laundress, 1010 Robinson
  • Cobb, General C., cook – Leonard C. Lewis, 1010 Robinson
  • Cobb, Isaac, tobacco worker, 617 East Nash
  • Cobb, Sherman, cook, 1010 Robinson
  • Cobb, William, laborer, 416 South Lodge
  • Cobb, Willie, domestic, 617 East Nash
  • Cofield, Julia, tobacco worker, 410 South Lodge
  • Coleman, Lucy, laundress, 611 East Nash
  • Coleman, Samuel, tobacco worker, 611 East Nash
  • Coley, Alonzo, plasterer, 915 Washington Avenue
  • Coley, Eva J., teacher, 401 North Vick
  • Coley, George, cook, 118 Ashe
  • Coley, Henry, barber, 401 North Vick
  • Coley, Jasper, bricklayer, 401 North Vick
  • Coley, Laura V., teacher, 401 North Vick
  • Coley, Maggie, domestic, 611 Gay
  • Coley, Rosa, laundress, 708 Walnut
  • Coley, Rufus, janitor, 1010 Atlanta [Atlantic]
  • Coley, Victoria, domestic, 604 East Green
  • Collins, Allie, domestic, 707 Suggs
  • Collins, Esther, domestic, 212 South Reid
  • Collins, Peter, porter, 707 Suggs
  • Collins, Sun, drayman, 301 Stantonsburg Road
  • Commercial Bank of Wilson, 426 East Nash, S.H. Vick president, J.D. Reid active vice-president, H.S. Stanback cashier, phone 982

  • Connor, Flossie, domestic, 407 East Green
  • Cook, Alfred, laborer, 615 Stantonsburg Road
  • Cook, Cora, domestic, 605 Moore
  • Cooke, Jerre L., clerk, R.M.S., 512 Hadley
  • Cooper, Church, driver, 507 Hadley
  • Cooper, George, tobacco worker, 419 South Goldsboro
  • Cooper, Hazel, domestic, 407 South Railroad
  • Cooper, Millard, laborer, 523 South Spring
  • Cooper, Savannah, cook, 609 Spruce
  • Cooper, William, gasfitter, 108 South Reid
  • Coppedge, George W., plasterer, 200 South Vick
  • Coppedge, Mittie, domestic, 200 South Vick
  • Coppridge, Jane, domestic, 113 Manchester
  • Council, Alberta, domestic, 710 Suggs
  • Council, James, farmer, 710 Suggs
  • Covington, Alice, domestic, 531 Smith
  • Covington, Mary, laundress, 707 East Green
  • Covington, Ruth, clerk, 724 East Green
  • Coward, Bryant P., Rev., pastor St John A.M.E. [Zion] Church, 119 Pender
  • Cox, Harrison, tobacco worker, 305 North East
  • Cox, Lula, domestic, 111 South Reid
  • Cox, William, laborer, 116 [sic] Viola
  • Crank, Annie, tobacco worker, 519 Stemmery
  • Crawford, Clarence A., bricklayer, 616 East Green
  • Crawford, Daniel, watchman, 605 South Spring
  • Crawford, Josephine, domestic, 206 North Reid
  • Crawford, Theodore, student, 605 South Spring
  • Crawford, W. Clyde, president – Wilson Building & Construction Company, 206 North Reid
  • Crawford, Wilhelmina, teacher, 605 South Spring
  • Crawford, Willard, student, 605 South Spring
  • Creech, Haywood, tobacco worker, 416 East Green
  • Crum, Julia, laundress, 209 Stantonsburg Road
  • Currie, Nancy, cook, 304 East South

Notes:

  • Who were W. Clyde and Josephine Crawford, and what was the Wilson Building Construction Company? The family is not found in a Wilson census record.

Page 27, Hill’s Wilson, N.C., City Directory 1922-23.

Where we worked: 1922 — B.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the second in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Bailey, Albert, fireman, 523 South Spring
  • Bailey, Rita, domestic, 118 Ashe
  • Baines, H[enry] Roscoe, carpenter, 307 North Reid
  • Baker, James, tobacco worker, 546 East Nash
  • Baker, William M., carpenter, 610 South Spring
  • Banaman, Frank, tobacco worker, 109 Ashe
  • Banner, Edward, driver, 614 Spruce
  • Banner, Mamie, domestic, 614 Spruce
  • Barber, Ethel, domestic, 1100 East Nash
  • Barber, Sallie, teacher, 1100 East Nash
  • Barbour, James M., proprietor – Wardrobe Pressing Club, 916 Atlantic
  • Barefoot, Bertha, domestic, 918 Washington Avenue
  • Barefoot, Ernest, porter, 324 Hackney
  • Barefoot, Hubert, presser, 412 North Vick
  • Barefoot, Linwood, proprietor – Barefoot Pressing Works, 918 Washington Ave
  • Barefoot Pressing Works, 507 East Nash, Linwood Barefoot proprietor
  • Barham, William, presser – Edwin Thomas, East Nash extended
  • Barnes, Agnes, tobacco worker, 523 Smith
  • Barnes, Albert, tobacco worker, 204 Sunshine Alley
  • Barnes, Alonzo, barber, 806 E Green
  • Barnes, Anna, laundress, 106 South Carroll
  • Barnes, Artelia, domestic, 500 East Green
  • Barnes, B. Frank, laborer, 106 South Carroll
  • Barnes, Bud, driver, 306 South Lodge
  • Barnes, Charlie G., 106 South Carroll
  • Barnes, Cherry, domestic, 608 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Clifton, tobacco worker, 417 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, Cora, tobacco worker, 111 Manchester
  • Barnes, Dave, barber – W.S. Hines, 613 East Green
  • Barnes, Della, domestic, 613 East Green
  • Barnes, Dicey, domestic, 901 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Dorothy, maid, 209 West Nash
  • Barnes, Edward, porter, 418 North Vick
  • Barnes, Ella, laundress, 602 South Daniel
  • Barnes, Eva, tobacco worker, 302 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Fannie, tobacco worker, 642 Wiggins
  • Barnes, Frances, domestic, 512 Stemmery
  • Barnes, Frank, plasterer, 517 Railroad
  • Barnes, Frank, tobacco grader, 801 Mercer, (home) 716 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, Fred, laborer, 126 Ashe
  • Barnes, George, farmer, 526 East Barnes
  • Barnes, George, laborer, 203 West Gold
  • Barnes, Harriett, laundress, 214 Manchester
  • Barnes, Henrietta, domestic, 1109 Atlanta
  • Barnes, Henry, laborer, 409 North Pine
  • Barnes, Henry, tobacco worker, 804 South Lodge
  • Barnes, Henry, tobacco worker, 406 Viola
  • Barnes, Howard W., barber – W.M. Hines, 420 Vick
  • Barnes, James F., laborer, 106 Carroll
  • Barnes, James H., barber, 420 East Nash, (home) 670 Viola
  • Barnes, John, helper, 114 Smith
  • Barnes, John, laborer, 810 South Lodge
  • Barnes, John, presser, 413 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, John H., tobacco worker, 312 South Lodge
  • Barnes, John M., plasterer, 500 East Green
  • Barnes, Joseph, barber, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, L[eonard]. Elroy, plasterer, 500 East Green
  • Barnes, Larry, presser, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, Lemon, laborer, 1009 Atlanta
  • Barnes, Littleton, carpenter, 407 Viola
  • Barnes, Lizzie, maid, 1109 Atlanta
  • Barnes, Lonnie, barber – W.S. Hines, 802 East Green
  • Barnes, Louise, laundress, 418 North Vick
  • Barnes, Lucy D., tobacco worker, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, Maggie, cook, 303 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Mal, laborer 408 South Lodge
  • Barnes, Mazie, domestic, 642 Wiggins
  • Barnes, Oscar, laborer, 406 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, Pate, laborer, 1112 East Nash
  • Barnes, Rodenia, tobacco stemmer, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, Rosa, domestic, 403 East Walnut
  • Barnes, Rosena, laundress, 119 East Walnut
  • Barnes, Sarah, cook – Carolina Hotel, 116 Pender
  • Barnes, Short W., carpenter, 616 East Green
  • Barnes, Sudie, tobacco worker, 602 South Daniel
  • Barnes, Tobe, tobacco worker, 309 Spring Street Alley
  • Barnes, Victoria, tobacco worker, 102 Ashe
  • Barnes, Weldon, laborer, 108 West Lee
  • Barnes, William, laborer, 1020 Wainwright
  • Barnes, Wright, laborer, 608 Railroad
  • Bass, Dezell, tobacco worker, 107 Stantonsburg Road
  • Batchelor, Amanda, domestic, 808 Suggs
  • Batchelor, Bonnie, laborer, 410 East Hines
  • Battle, Arza L., hairdresser – Carrie Strickland, 300 South Spring
  • Battle, Cary, horse shoer – J.Y. Buchanan, East Nash near East
  • Battle, Daisy, tobacco worker, 404 South Lodge
  • Battle, Dave, section hand, 404 South Lodge
  • Battle, Delphia, tobacco worker, 705 East Nash
  • Battle, Edward, laborer, 813 East Green
  • Battle, Ella, tobacco worker, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, Ernest, laborer, 609 South Lodge
  • Battle, Esther, tobacco worker, 209 East Spruce
  • Battle, Frank, freight hand, 902 East Nash
  • Battle, Frank, tobacco worker, 705 East Nash
  • Battle, Frank, tobacco worker, 912 Wainwright Avenue
  • Battle, Frank F., laborer, 1101 Woodard Avenue
  • Battle, Grace, maid – Oettinger’s, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, Hattie, laundress, 705 South Lodge
  • Battle, John, factory hand, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, Joseph, tobacco worker, 606 South Spring
  • Battle, Marie, domestic, 813 East Green
  • Battle, Maud, cook, 106 West Vance
  • Battle, Miller, section hand, 405 Spring Street Alley
  • Battle, Minnie, cook, 209 East Spruce
  • Battle, Narcissa, domestic, 503 Warren
  • Battle, Roberta, teacher, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, William L., tobacco worker, 506 South Lodge
  • Batts, Amos, Grand Scribe Knights of King Solomon Inc., 1113 East Nash
  • Batts, Jacob, 601 South Lodge
  • Batts, John, laborer, 317 South Goldsboro
  • Beckwith, Cora, domestic, 516 South Lodge
  • Beckwith, Odelle, cook, 208 Manchester
  • Becoat, Robert, tobacco worker, 108 South Vick
  • Bell, Charles, laborer, 509 Railroad
  • Bell, Hester, tobacco worker, 908 East Nash
  • Bell, Jasper, tobacco worker, 908 East Nash
  • Belmon, Tobe, laborer, 511 Railroad
  • Bennett, James W., tailor – Powell’s Cleaning Works, 527 Church
  • Bennett, Mable, domestic, 527 Church
  • Bennett, Pearl, laundress, 524 East Barnes
  • Bentley, Mary, domestic, 908 Mercer
  • Berry, Samuel, 508 North Pine
  • Best, Aaron, porter, 517 South Spring
  • Best, Ada, domestic, 1105 West Nash
  • Best, Clinton, bricklayer, 208 Pender
  • Best, Eliza, seamstress, 320 South Spring
  • Best, Frankie, domestic, 320 South Spring
  • Best, Harper, farmer, 320 South Spring
  • Best, John, laborer, 106 Ashe
  • Best, John W., soft drinks, 304 South Lodge, (home) 400 South Lodge
  • Best, Lossie, laundress, 913 Washington Avenue
  • Best, Minnie, domestic, 208 Pender
  • Best, Nannie, tobacco worker, 320 South Spring
  • Best, William, bricklayer 913 Washington Avenue
  • Best, Wilson, bricklayer, 1105 West Nash
  • Bethea, Iola, waitress, 304 East South
  • Black, Grover, laborer, 907 Robinson
  • Black, James, laborer, 501 Stantonsburg Road
  • Black, Martha, laundress, 907 Robinson
  • Black, William, tobacco worker, 507 Bank
  • Blackman, Andrew, drayman, 620 Darden Alley
  • Blow, Harrison, tobacco worker, 902 Mercer
  • Blow, Jane, tobacco worker, 902 Mercer
  • Blow, Sudie, laundress, 310 East Walnut
  • Blow, William, laborer, 513 Smith
  • Blue, Susie, domestic, 137 Ashe
  • Blue, William, tobacco worker, 137 Ashe
  • Boone, James, tobacco worker, 611 South Spring
  • Boone, Linwood, tobacco worker, 414 South Spring
  • Booten, Caroline, laundress, 206 East Hines
  • Borden, Liza, domestic, 204 South Vick
  • Bowden, William R., presser – Powell’s Cleaning Works, 110 Finch
  • Bowen, Horace, laborer, 802 South Lodge
  • Bowers, Bud, laborer, 414 Walnut Alley
  • Bowling, Fletcher, laborer, 518 South Lodge
  • Bowser, Astor B., insurance agent, 520 East Nash
  • Bowser, Sarah L., dressmaker, 520 East Nash
  • Bowser, Thomas F., cook, 520 East Nash
  • Boyette, Bud, tobacco worker, 304 East Walnut
  • Boyette, Emma, domestic, 210 Pender
  • Boyette, Jensie, tobacco worker, 304 East Walnut
  • Boyette, Nathan, carpenter, 210 Pender
  • Boykin, Bettie, 190 North East
  • Boykin, Charles, chauffeur, 306 East Walnut
  • Boykin, John, carpenter, 801 Viola
  • Branch, J.G., Rev., pastor Mount Zion Holiness Church, (home) Goldsboro, N.C.
  • Branch, Letta, tobacco worker, 507 Hadley
  • Brant, Elnora, domestic, 416 East Green
  • Brant, Joseph, bricklayer, 416 East Green
  • Braswell, Cora, domestic, 639 Wiggins
  • Braswell, William, laborer, 414 Whitley
  • Braxton, Viola, domestic, 415 South Railroad
  • Brewington, Angeline, domestic, 601 South Railroad
  • Brewington, David, laborer, 601 South Railroad
  • Brewington, Edward C., proprietor – Brewington Pressing Works, 1212 East Nash
  • Brewington Pressing Works, 561 East Nash, Edward C. Brewington proprietor
  • Bright, Martha, tobacco worker, 802 East Nash
  • Brin, John, tobacco worker, 110 South Vick
  • Brinkley, Nannie, domestic, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • Britt, Mamie, cook, 113 Manchester
  • Brody, David, grader, 303 Mercer
  • Brody, Gertrude, domestic, 113 Pender
  • Brody, Josephine, student, 303 Mercer
  • Brooks, Burley, bicycle mechanic – C.H. Darden & Sons, South Atlantic
  • Brooks, Eva, laundress, East Nash extended
  • Brooks, Jesse, sexton – First Baptist Church, Stantonsburg Road
  • Brooks, Jesse B., barber – W.M. Hines, Atlantic near Nash
  • Brooks, John, carpenter, East Nash extended
  • Brooks, Minnie, domestic, 810 East Nash
  • Brooks, Seth, barber – W.M. Hines, 908 Elba
  • Brown, Edward, laborer, 411 North Pine
  • Brown, Edward H., carpenter, 202 South Vick
  • Brown, Ellis, tobacco worker, 906 Viola
  • Brown, Estelle, laundress, 306 Pender
  • Brown, Eva L., dressmaker, 202 South Vick
  • Brown, Jesse, tobacco worker, 1202 East Nash
  • Brown, Maggie, laundress, 1008 Woodard Avenue
  • Brown, Mattie, laundress, 809 Suggs
  • Brown, Nora, tobacco worker, 205 South Railroad
  • Brown, Oma, domestic, 209 South Railroad
  • Brown, Peter, cook, 406 Spring Street Alley
  • Brown, William, laborer, 809 Suggs
  • Brown, William H., printer, 202 South Vick
  • Bryant, Beatrice, domestic, 632 Suggs
  • Bryant, Cora, domestic, 111 Pender
  • Bryant, Edward, cook, 411 North Pine
  • Bryant, Harry H., tobacco worker, 619 Suggs
  • Bryant, Julia, domestic, 619 Suggs
  • Bryant, Millie, cook, 308 West Nash
  • Buie, Alma, tobacco worker, 209 North East
  • Bullard, Ayatte, domestic, 112 Fourth
  • Bullard, Minnie, domestic, 112 Fourth
  • Bullard, Wesley, presser, 112 Fourth
  • Bullard, William, carpenter, 112 Fourth
  • Bullock, Jolly, laborer, 120 North Railroad
  • Bullock, Lizzie, domestic, 525 Church
  • Bullock, Mack, tobacco worker, 1008 Robinson
  • Bullock, Martha, laundress, 1106 Wainwright
  • Bullock, Richard, laborer 1208 East Nash
  • Bullock, Swindell, butler, 1200 West Gold
  • Bullock, William, laborer, 525 Church
  • Bunk, William, 913 Robinson
  • Bunn, Abraham, carpenter, 629 Wiggins
  • Bunn, Bertie, domestic, 502 South Bruton
  • Bunn, Martha, domestic, 629 Wiggins
  • Burke, Lottie, laundress, 211 Stantonsburg Road
  • Burks, Georgia, teacher, 322 South Spring
  • Burl, Linda, domestic, 304 Stantonsburg Road
  • Burns, Henry, laborer, 409 Spring Street Alley
  • Burton, William H., tobacco worker, 201 North Vick
  • Burtsell, Paul, pastor Holy Apostolic Church, (home) Goldsboro, N.C.
  • Busy Bee Shoe Shine Parlor, 513 East Nash, Jake Johnson proprietor
  • Buthine, Charles, tobacco worker, 108 North Pettigrew
  • Buthine, Shulor, laundress, 108 North Pettigrew
  • Bynum, Albert, Rev., 627 Suggs
  • Bynum, Alice, tobacco worker, 510 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, Annie, cook, 113 Narroway
  • Bynum, Charlotte, midwife, 117 Manchester
  • Bynum, Charlotte, millhand, 632 Wiggins
  • Bynum, Dudley, barber, 913 Atlanta
  • Bynum, Estella, domestic, 807 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, Herbert, laborer, 1000 Mercer
  • Bynum, Ida, domestic, 510 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, John, laborer, 807 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, Joseph, laborer, 113 Narroway
  • Bynum, Katherine, student, 532 East Nash
  • Bynum, Mack, tobacco worker, 532 East Nash
  • Bynum, Penny, domestic, 627 Suggs
  • Bynum, Thomas, tobacco worker, 117 Manchester
  • Bynum, William, tobacco worker, 510 Stantonsburg Road
  • Byrd, Minnie, cook, 402 South Goldsboro
  • Byrd, Thomas, laborer, 514 East Nash

Notes:

  • “Domestic” likely encompassed domestic work done both within one’s home (i.e. the work of a “housewife”) and for an outside employer.
  • In this era, there were no African-American firemen in Wilson in the “firefighter” sense. A “fireman” in this context was a stoker, i.e. someone responsible for tending the fire needed to run a boiler to heat a building or power a steam engine.
  • As is clear here, Barnes is by far the most common surname for African-Americans (and whites) in Wilson County. As a result, one should not assume that any two Barneses are related.
  • The streets now known as Atlantic Street and Washington Street were originally designated Atlanta Street and Booker T. Washington Avenue, both in honor of the “Wizard of Tuskegee,” who spoke in Wilson in 1910.
  • “Robinson” Street is, in fact, Robeson.
  • Whitley Street was a short, narrow block running alongside Williams Lumber Company between South Lodge Street and the terminus of South Spring Street. Per the 1922 Sanborn fire insurance map, it was lined with seven small houses on the south side of the street. Hominy Swamp ran perhaps 150′ behind.

Today, Whitley Street and the last stretch of South Douglas, below the Norfolk & Southern tracks, have been swallowed up by the site of Garris Evans Lumber Company.

  • Oettinger’s Dependable Shop was at 100-106 East Nash Street.
  • The Carolina Hotel was at 225 East Barnes Street.
  • Carrie Strickland’s beauty shop was at 528 East Nash Street.
  • James Younger Buchanan was a blacksmith and horse shoer who operated a shop at 209 East South Street.
  • Powell’s Cleaning Works was at 117 South Tarboro Street.
  • Walter S. Hines barber shop.
  • William M. Hines barber shop.
  • Mount Zion Holiness Church was on Lodge Street near Walnut.
  • Holy Apostolic Church was on Banks Street near Spring.

Current map courtesy of Google Maps.