migration to Virginia

Studio shots, no. 105: James Walter Hines.

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James Walter Hines (1912-1968).

In the 1920 census of Gardners township, Wilson County: on Wilson Road, farmer Turner Hines, 43; wife Penny, 33; and children E. Mary, 21, Allen, 17, Hester, 18, West, 16, W. Jim, 7, Beatrice, 6, Tommie, 4, Rosa, 3, Francie, 2, and T. Lou, 4 months.

In the 1930 census of Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina: at the State School for the Blind & Deaf (Col.), James W. Hines, 17, pupil, deaf.

In 1942, James Walter Hines registered for the World War II draft in Newport News, Virginia. Per his deaft registration card, he was born 7 October 1912 in Wilson; he resided at Route 2, Box 245, Wilson; his mailing address was 2816 Oak Avenue, Newport News; his contact was Turner Hines, Wilson; and he worked for Goodman Shoe Shop, 3115 Washington Avenue, Newport News. He was described as 6’5″, 145 pounds, “wears glasses,” and “deaf and dumb.”

James Walter Hines died 27 December 1968 at 831 – 25th Street, Newport News, Virginia. Per his death certificate, he was born 12 September 1912 in Wilson to Turner Hines and Pennie Barnes; had never married; and worked as a laborer. Informant was Mrs. Beatrice Powell, 1505 Queen Street, Wilson.

Photo courtesy ancestry.com user rogerbarron52.

The obituary of Olee Juanita Owens Briggs.

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The Daily Press (Newport News, Va.), 8 January 1998.

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In the 1880 census of Brogden township, Wayne County, North Carolina: farm laborer Burkead Evans, 48; wife Julia, 37; and children Harrit, 19, Ann E., 16, James D., 13, Will F., 12, Marcillus, 9, Martha A., 7, Randall, 6, Allecy, 4, and Jasper, 1.

In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: day laborer Randolph Evans, 25; wife Victoria, 26; and children Cora, 12, Mamie, 6, Victoria, 2, and Charles, 8 months.

In the 1910 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 325 Spring Street, Randall Irvin [sic], 36, lumber mill laborer; wife Victoria, 38, laundress; children Mamie, 16, factory laborer, Charlie, 10, Beatrice, 8, Sylvester, 7, Eva, 4, and Beulah, 1; and mother-in-law Lillie Tucker, 65, widow.

In 1917, Sam Owens registered for the World War I draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 2 March 1892 in Clinton, N.C.; resided at 207 Reid, Wilson; worked as a laborer for R.G. Lassiter & Company; and he was married. He signed his card with an X.

In 1918, Randall Evans registered for the World War I draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 25 August 1873; resided on R.F.D. 6, Wilson; worked as a laborer for Imperial Tobacco Company Limited; and his contact was wife Victoria Evans. He signed his card with an X.

On 10 November 1919, Samuel Owens, 27, of Wilson, son of Allen and Caroline Owens of Clinton, N.C., married Mary [sic] Evans, 25, daughter of Randal and Victoria Evans of Wilson. Elder W.H. Maynor, a Seventh Day Adventist pastor, performed the ceremony in the presence of E.S. Koonce, Arthur McIntyre, and Helena Freeman.

In the 1920 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Manchester Street, Sam Owens, 26, and wife Mamie, 22, tobacco factory laborers.

In the 1920 census of Wilson, Wilson County: on Elliotts Street, Randall Owens, 47, unemployed; wife Victoria, 48; children Charlie, 20, tobacco factory worker, Sylvesta, 16, and Eva, 14; granddaughter Victoria, 15; children Bulah, 10, Paul, 7, and Mary, 6; and roomers Allen, 16, tobacco factory laborer, Fleming, 10, and Jasper Humphrey, 8; M.B. Smith, 28, school teacher; and Myrtle McIntyre, 20, tobacco factory laborer.

In the 1930 census of Newport News, Virginia: at 1208-29th Street, rented for $10/month, shipyard riveter Samuel Owens, 35; wife Mamie L., 34; and daughter Olee, 13, all born in North Carolina.

In the 1930 census of Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland: at 327 Schroder, rented for $40/month, sugar refinery cooper Randall Evans, 56; wife Victoria, 58; and sons Charlie, 30, contractor laborer, and Paul A., 17; son-in-law Albert Brooks, 27, contractor laborer; daughter Eva M., 24; grandsons Charles S., 6, and Paul A. Brooks, 5; son-in-law Walter Stanley, 22, contractor laborer; daughter Beulah, 20, laundress; and sister-in-law Hattie Brooks, 72.

On 27 June 1936, Earl Holloway Briggs, 22, born in Wilmington, N.C., son of Peter Briggs and Nellie Holloway, and residing at 752-18th Street, Newport News, married Olee Juanita Owens, 18, born in Wilson, N.C., daughter of Samuel Evans and Mamie Evans, and residing at 1042-37th Street, Newport News, in Richmond, Virginia.

Mamie L. Owens died 3 April 1966 at Whittaker Hospital in Newport News, Virginia. Per her death certificate, she was born 10 April 1894 in Wilson to Randall and Victoria Evans; was married to Samuel Owens; and resided at 2723 Jamestown Avenue, Hampton, Virginia. Informant was Mrs. Olee Briggs.

The Daily Press (Newport News, Va.), 7 April 1966.

Samuel Owens died 1 October 1968 at Whittaker Hospital in Newport News, Virginia. Per his death certificate, he was born 2 March 1892 in North Carolina to Allen Owens and Caroline (maiden name unknown); was a retired shipyard laborer; was married to Mamie Owens; and resided at 2723 Jamestown Avenue, Hampton, Virginia. Informant was Mrs. Olee Briggs.

Studio shots, no. 65: Dockery Eatmon.

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Dockery “Dock” Eatmon (1896-1952).

In the 1900 census of Old Fields township, Wilson County: farmer Reuben Eatman, 34; wife Elizer, 35; and children Jinne, 16, Elizabeth, 13, Grill S., 12, Siddie A., 10, Henry G., 8, Casanda, 6, Dock, 5, and Ada, 3.

In the 1910 census of Old Fields township, Wilson County: farmer Reuben Eatman, 45; wife Eliza, 45; and children Henry, 17, Casandra, 15, Dockery, 13, and Ida, 11.

On 5 July 1914, Dock Eatmon, 19, of Nash County, son of Reuben and Eliza Eatmon, married Mettia Belle Smith, 20, of Nash County, daughter of Tom and Alsie Smith, in Old Fields township, Wilson County.

In 1918, Dock Eatman registered for the World War I draft in Farrells township, Nash County. Per his registration card, he was 21 years old; was born in January 1896 in Wilson, North Carolina; was a farmer; and supported a wife and child.

In the 1920 census of Farrells township, Nash County, North Carolina: farmer Dock Eatmon, 24; wife Mattie, 26; and children Ruthy, 3, and William R., 1 month.

In the 1930 census of Newport News, Warwick County, Virginia: at 715-22nd Street, rented at $12/month, shipyard laborer Dock Eatmon, 35; wife Nettie, 37; and children Lillian, 8, Reuben, 6, and Lindsey, 5.

In the 1940 census of Newport News, Warwick County, Virginia: Doc Eatman, 47, laborer at N.N.S.D.Co.; wife Mattie, 47; and children Lillian, 18, Ruben, 15, and Lincie, 12.

In 1942, Doc Eatmon registered for the World War II draft in Newport News, Virginia. Per his registration card, he was born 7 June 1893 in Wilson County; lived at 4213 Roanoke Avenue, Newport News; his contact was W.C. Smith; and he worked at Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company.

Dock Eatmon died 17 November 1952 in Warwick County, Virginia. Per his death certificate, he was born in 1895 in Nash County, North Carolina, to Reuben and Liza Eatmon; resided at 4310 Roanoke Avenue, Newport News, Virginia; was separated; worked as a gardening laborer; and was buried in Pleasant Shade cemetery, Newport News. Informant was Mattie Eatmon.

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Dock Eatmon.

Photographs courtesy of Ancestry.com user faithbridges19.

Fake news (and other stories.)

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Wilson Advance, 14 October 1887.

Wilson Advance, 8 July 1897.

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On 21 November 1895, Richard Renfrow, 35, son of Julia Gay, married Victoria Knight, 28, daughter of Harriet Knight. Baptist minister W.T.H. Woodward performed the service, and Levi Jones, H.T. Ransom and Maggie Ransom witnessed.

In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: barber Richard Renfrow, 38; wife Victora, 35; her widowed mother Harriet Knight, 61; and Harriet’s grandchildren Hattie, 16, Andrew, 17, barber, and Alis, 12.

In the 1901 Hill’s Directory of Norfolk, Portsmouth and Berkley, Virginia: Renfrow Richard barber 311 Queen.

In the 1908 Hill’s Directory of Wilson, N.C.: Renfrow Richard barber 544 E Nash.

In the 1914 Hill’s Directory of Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia: Renfrow Richard barber 417 E Bute.

On 26 December 1916, Richard Renfrow, 50, married Matilda Taylor, 50, in Wilson. Hood Phillips applied for the license, and Missionary Baptist minister A.L.E. Weeks performed the ceremony in the presence of Boston Griffin, J.E. Farmer and Henry Lucas.

Matilda Renfrow died 2 June 1918 in Wilson. Per her death certificate, she was about 50 years old; was married; and worked as a cook. Informant was Richard Renfrow, 900 Queen Street, Norfolk.

In the 1923 Hill’s Directory of Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia: Renfrow Richard barber 628 E Charlotte.

 

Studio shots, no. 35: Cornelia Hagans Cone.

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Cornelia Hagans Cone (1888-1955), daughter  of Lawrence and Mary Etta Pender Hagans.

In the 1900 census of Gardners township, Wilson County: farmer Larnce Haggan, 49, wife Etha, 44, and children Joe, 21, Augustus, 19, Oscar, 18, Charlie, 16, Annie, 13, Connie, 10, Lena, 8, Mollie, 7, William L., 4, Minnie, 3, and Pattie, 1, and Lawrence’s widowed mother Alice Hagans, 70.

In the 1910 census of Taylors township, Wilson County: on Finches Mill Road, farmer Jimerson C. Cone, 23, and wife Cornelia, 22.

Jimerson Cone registered for the World War I draft on 5 June 1917 in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 9 June 1886 in Nash County, North Carolina; resided in Wilson, N.C.; and was a self-employed farmer with a dependent wife and children.

In the 1920 census of Matoaca township, Chesterfield County, Virginia: farmer Jamison Cone, 34; wife Cornelia, 33; and children Sarah L., 12, Willie, 10, Randolph, 8, Jimmie L., 6, Mabel, 4, Elba S., 2, and Herman J., 2.

In the 1930 census of Matoaca township, Chesterfield County: on Reeder Branch Road, tobacco farmer Jimerson C. Cone, 43; wife Cornelia, 42; and children Willie, 20, Randolph, 18, Jimmie L. 17, Mabel, 15, Elba I., 13, Jessie H., 11, Charles W., 7, Dorothy M., 5, and Mary H., 11 months.

In the 1940 census of Matoaca township, Chesterfield County: farmer Jemmerson Cone, 53; wife Cornelia, 52; and children Mable, 24, Charlie, 17, Dorothy M., 14, and Hazel M., 11.

In 1942, Jimerson Cone registered for the World War II draft in Chesterfield County. Per his registration card, he resided “off Hickory Road – near Rudy’s store” in Chesterfield County; his mailing address was Route 1, Ettrick; he was born 9 June 1886 in Wilson, N.C.; he was a self-employed farmer; and his contact person was wife Cornelia Cone.

Cornelia Cone died 18 July 1955 in Petersburg, Chesterfield County, Virginia. Per her death certificate, she was born 8 July 1888 in Wilson, North Carolina, to Lawrence Hagans and Mary (maiden name unknown). She was buried in a family plot in Chesterfield County. Informant was her husband, Jimerson Cone.

Jimerson Cornelia Cone

Cornelia and Jimerson Cone.

Progress Index (Petersburg, Virginia), 19 July 1955.

Photographs courtesy of Ancestry.com user TeiaHarper1.

Virginia divorces.

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Annie Barnes, 24, daughter of Charles and Rebecca Barnes, married Moses Gunn, 31, son of Joe and Amanda Gunn, on 22 December 1900 in Wilson. (Annie Barnes Gunn was a sister of John M. Barnes and B. Frank Barnes.)

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Artelia Marian Darden, daughter of Charles and Diana Scarborough Darden, married John Jesse Tennessee in Wilson on 14 November 1914.

 

Studio shots, no. 18: Mildred Louise Obery.

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Written across the back of this photo: “Mildred Obery, 1114 Queen Street, Wilson.”

This studio photograph depicting Mildred Louise Obery likely dates from the early 1940s. Her father and stepmother, Alex and Annie Obery are listed at 1111 Queen Street in the 1940 census of Wilson, Wilson County, but their children are not listed in the household.

By 1945, Mildred Obery was living in Newport News, Virginia, where she married her neighbor Clarence Smith on or about 30 March. [Mildred’s parents are listed as Marion and Sallie Hueller Obery. However, her delayed birth certificate, filed in Wilson, lists them as Alex Obery and Maggie Evans. The 1925 Wilson city directory shows Alex and Maggie Obey (an alternate spelling of the name that reflects its pronunciation) living at 110 North East Street. He worked as a painter and she as a laundress.]

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Photograph given by Mildred L. Obery to Hattie Henderson Ricks, now in possession of Lisa Y. Henderson.

167 pictures.

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Beautiful. Last fall, in her quest to learn more about the owners of an abandoned photo album, New York Times reporter Annie Correal stumbled across Black Wide-Awake and contacted me to get a feel for early 20th century Wilson. I am delighted to have played a small role in bringing this story to light.

Here’s a passage:

Etta Mae Barnes was born on July 28, 1918, in Wilson, N.C., which once called itself the world’s greatest bright-leaf tobacco market. When Ms. Taylor was young, it was a boomtown. Thousands of African-American families had migrated to Wilson from the countryside to pick tobacco on farms and hang it in big warehouses downtown.

“The first pages in the album seemed to be of Wilson; several photos had stamps from photographers’ studios there. There were portraits of women in flouncy dresses, babies, a boy with a dog, a group in straw hats in a field.

“In two portraits placed side by side, a middle-aged couple posed by a flowering bush, in front of a clapboard house. I wondered if they were Etta Mae’s parents.

“Etta Mae’s mother, Anna Bell Green Barnes, was born in Virginia and worked as a hanger at a tobacco company, the documents revealed. Her father, James Frank Barnes, was a grocery store clerk. His family went back generations in Wilson County.

“Etta Mae was one of six. When she was still a child, her oldest brother, Charles, boarded the train that passed through Wilson and became part of what we now call the Great Migration, the exodus of millions of black Southerners from the Jim Crow South. Judging from the album, many of Etta Mae’s relatives had gone north; I could tell them apart from their country kin by their suits and furs.

“Etta Mae left school after seventh grade and went to work as a housekeeper in a private home, according to the 1940 census. That year, 10 other people were living at the Barneses’, including an aunt; an adopted daughter; Etta Mae’s sister Mildred; Mildred’s husband, Jack Artis; and their baby, Charles.”

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Household of Frank and Annie Green Barnes at 1000 South Carroll Street, Wilson, 1940 census.

Under Rev. Henry, Little Zion grew.

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In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Mack Henry, 51, wife Elen S., 38, and children James T., 14, Pochahuntus, 12, Emma G., 9, George B., 7, and Pattie L., 2. All were born in Virginia except Pattie, who was born in North Carolina. Mack, Ellen and James worked as tobacco graders.

In the 1910 census of Clayton, Johnston County, North Carolina: Mack Henry, 55, tobacco grader; wife Ellen, 45, cook; daughters Pocahontas Farmer, 23, and Emma Hinton, 20, washwomen; daughter Pattie L. Henry, 14; son William T. Henry, 10; daughter Jessie Maie Henry, 5; and granddaughters Elizabeth Farmer, 1, and an unnamed Hinton girl, 1 month.

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From Greater Little Zion Baptist Church History. Greater Little Zion is in Fairfax, Virginia, in an area of the city once called Burke.