Business

101 South Pender Street.

The one hundred eighty-fourth in a series of posts highlighting buildings in East Wilson Historic District, a national historic district located in Wilson, North Carolina. As originally approved, the district encompasses 858 contributing buildings and two contributing structures in a historically African-American section of Wilson. (A significant number have since been lost.) The district was developed between about 1890 to 1940 and includes notable examples of Queen Anne, Bungalow/American Craftsman, and Shotgun-style architecture. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

The corner today, per Google Maps.

The corner of Pender and Nash, at 101 South Pender Street [Stantonsburg Street] (also known as 600 East Nash Street), as described in the nomination form for the East Wilson Historic District: “ca. 1950; 1 story; porcelain-enameled steel gas station with clean lines and simple square form suggesting International Style; altered and in disrepair.”

The 1908 Sanborn fire insurance maps of Wilson, N.C., depict an irregularly shaped vacant brick building at the tip of the triangle formed by the intersection of East Nash Street and Stantonsburg Street (now South Pender Street). It was numbered 601-603 East Nash Street. The building shown just below it was the original location of Darden Funeral Home. The three-story building also housed C.H. Darden’s bicycle shop and general repair business. The third floor was reserved for lodge meetings. (Which lodge? The Odd Fellows and Masons had their own lodges.)

The 1913 Sanborn map shows the building modified with a wooden porch on the Stantonsburg Street side and cast-iron porches at the entrance and Nash Street side. A grocery occupied the space.

By time the 1922 Sanborn map was drawn, the street numbers had flipped from odd to even and vice-versa, and the auto repair shop at the corner was at 600 East Nash Street.

In the 1930 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Triangle Service Station (Wm H Taylor) 600 E Nash

In the 1941 and 1947 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directories: Triangle Service Station (Cleveland T Barnes) filling sta 101 Stantonsburg

The Oblong Box-Style gas station described in the nomination form may date to 1950, but petroleum corporations began adopting the style in the late 1930s. I have not found photos of Triangle Service Station to determine whether it was built in the style or upgraded to it.

In the 1963 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Sutton’s Gulf Service (Cecil E Sutton) 600 E Nash St

The  Gulf gas station is just visible in this detail from a mid to late 1960s photo of the area.

The building is currently home to a carwash business.

The 100 and 200 blocks of South Pender Street.

I had the chance to visit briefly with Bobby Boykin when I was in Wilson recently. The hundreds of Wilson Daily Times clippings Bobby has sent me — most never digitized — have been a tremendous source of material for Black Wide-Awake, and I deeply appreciate his interest and action in supporting the documentation of Wilson County’s African-American history. Recently, Bobby has been culling through boxes of photographs donated to him in the 1980s, and he pulled several that might be of interest to my readers.

I struggled a bit with the perspective in these photos, though I knew we were looking one way or another toward the intersection of Nash and Pender Streets. The images document heavy street flooding, most likely in the late 1960s or very early 1970s — the Chevrolet truck model in the second photo was first produced in 1964 — on South Pender Street. The photographer was standing just below East Barnes Street, facing Nash. In the first photo, the peaked roof of Jackson Chapel First Baptist’s tower is visible at left, and the finials of Saint John A.M.E. Zion’s tower are center-frame.

The view today, per Google Maps.

These black-and-white photos were taken well after the timeframe of Black Wide-Awake‘s focus, but offer a rare glimpse of the former density of dwellings along the east side of South Pender Street. Every house you see here has been demolished, as was the two-story brick building at the edge of the second photo. Fortunately, however, all were standing when the survey was made for the nominating report for East Wilson Historic District, which allows us to identify them for closer study. The houses and commercial buildings will receive their own posts.

South of Nash Street, Pender Street was named Stantonsburg Street until the mid-1960s. Also, the street numbers of the buildings of these two blocks shifted over time to accommodate infill and other changes. This makes identifying the house numbers of the two dwellings visible south of the filling station a challenge.

Here is this section as depicted on page 31 of the 1922 Sanborn fire insurance maps of Wilson:

At that time, the tip of the wedge at Stantonsburg and East Nash Streets was occupied by an auto repair shop. The first house on the east side of the street was numbered 107 (changed from 111 when the city revamped its numbering system circa 1921); the second, 201 (formerly, 115); the third, 203; and the fourth 207 (formerly, 209).

As we will see later, by 1928, a house had been built between 107 and 201 and numbered 109. Also, a brick building had been erected between 203 and 207 and numbered 205 (but, by 1941, was 203 1/2).

By time the nomination form was drafted, the first house beyond the filling station was 103, but its description does not match the house shown. Rather, the form’s description of 103 matches 109, i.e. the second house beyond the filling station. (Which means that the form omits the first house, 107, which may have been demolished some time between the time this photo was taken and 1988, when the form was completed.)

Stay tuned for deeper dives.

Hargrave’s Drug Store?

Wilson Times, 1 November 1901.

Though physician Frank S. Hargrave opened a pharmacy in Wilson shortly after his arrival, this advertisement does not tout his business:

  • Dr. Hargrave graduated from medical school in 1901, but practiced in Winston-Salem, N.C., for two years before arriving in Wilson in 1903.
  • The wording of this ad suggests a pharmacy that had been in operation for some time and employed more than one druggist. 
  • Per the Wilson, North Carolina, Industrial & Commercial Directory, published in 1912, Dr. Hargrave’s pharmacy (which he sold to D’Arcy C. Yancey before 1910) was established about 1905. It was called Ideal Pharmacy.
  • Ideal Pharmacy was located at 109 South Goldsboro Street. It was not “next door to Post Office,” which at that time was at 117 North Tarboro Street. 
  • And the clincher — the 1900 census of Wilson lists Benjamin Hargrave, 39, white, druggist. B.W. Hargrave died in 1907 and is buried in Maplewood Cemetery, Wilson.

East Nash Street as viewed from First Baptist.

This 1984 photograph, taken near the intersection of East Nash and Pender Streets, shows the 500 block of East Nash Street before it was decimated by building demolition. I have identified the locations of some of the historic businesses on the block. Of the buildings pinpointed, only Jackson Chapel and the S.P. Artis and William’s Barbershop buildings remain standing.

View, First Baptist Church, Wilson, Wilson County, North Carolina,” State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office.

The Colored Grocery.

On 27 March 1903, the Colored Grocery Company of Wilson ordered a customized fireproof safe from R.L. Barnes Safe & Lock Company of Richmond, Virginia. Per the terms of the order, Barnes would retain ownership of the safe until the full $70 purchase price was tendered. 

What was the Colored Grocery Company? Who owned it? Was it “colored” because of its ownership? Its clientele? The contract offers no clue.

Deed book 66, page 373, Wilson County Register of Deeds Office.

Tickets available for interstate classic football game.

Wilson Daily Times, 24 September 1941.

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Would-be attendees of the football match-up between N.C. College (now North Carolina Central University) and South Carolina State could purchases tickets at several outlets, including these Black-owned businesses — Mack’s Place (owned by Daniel McKeithan), Yancey‘s Drug Store, Shade’s Drug Store, and the Small Town Club. [What was the “Small Town Club,” and who owned it?]

Barbershop ratings.

Wilson Daily Times, 2 August 1935.

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The paper carried a ranking of 13 barber shops in Wilson, ten of which exclusively served white customers. The shops known to be African-American-owned were William Hines, Briggs Hotel (the location of Walter Hines‘ shop), Hargroves, Neal’s, and Sanitary, and perhaps. 

Clipping courtesy of J. Robert Boykin III.

Another view of Cockrell’s Grocery.

Wilson Daily Times, 16 August 1946.

We read here of Cockrell’s Grocery, which stood at the corner of Green and Pettigrew Streets one block east of the railroad and served a largely African-American clientele. Above, a clearer view of the photograph accompanying an article about the store, with William White, at center, and Billy Strayhorn, at far right.

The obituary of Walter Scott Hines, barber and real estate developer.

The obituary of Walter Scott Hines contains unusually detailed information about his career. He and his brother William Hines operated competing barber shops and built rental housing across East Wilson.

Wilson Daily Times, 9 August 1941.

Walter D. Hines presented his father’s will to the clerk of court to file for probate, swearing that he had found the document, drafted in 1924 “among the valuable papers and effects of … Walter S. Hines … within a certain iron safe having a combination lock, which was situated in Walter S. Hines’ home ….”

Wilson Daily Times, 12 August 1941.

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In the 1880 census of Cocoa township, Edgecombe County: Joshua Hines, 52; wife Cally, 47; children Jerry, 20, Deller, 22, Lizer, 17, Joshua, 15, Caliph, 13, William, 11, Robert, 7, and Adline, 4; nephew Allen Harris, 3; and grandson Walter, 1 [Della’s son.]

In the 1900 census of Wilson, Wilson County: hotel porter Dave Barnes, 40; wife Della; and children Walter, 20, William, 15, Lucy, 13, Dave, 5, and Viola, 11. [Walter, William, and Lucy were, in fact, Hineses and were Della Hines Barnes’ children.]

In the 1910 census of Wilson, Wilson County: barber Walter Hines, 30; wife Sarah, 29; children Elizabeth, 2, and Walter D., 8 months; and boarder Inez Moore, 31, a school teacher.

In 1918, Walter Scott Hines registered for the World War II draft in Wilson. Per his registration card, he was born 26 October 1879; lived at 616 Green Street; worked as a barber at Tate & Hines; and his nearest relative was Sarah E. Hines. He was described as tall and slender, with blue eyes and black hair.

In the 1920 census of Wilson, Wilson County: barber Walter Hines, 40, wife Sara, 37, Elizabeth, 11, Walter Jr., 10, and Carl, 5.

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: barber Walter Hines, 50, wife Sarah, 48, and children Elizabeth, 21, Walter, 20, Carl W., 16, and Clifton R., 7.

In the 1940 census of Wilson, Wilson County: Walter S. Hines, 60; wife Sarah E., 58; son Carl W., 24, teacher; son’s wife Ruth, 23, teacher; and son Ray W., 17.

Walter Scott Hines died 9 July 1941 at Mercy Hospital, Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was born 24 October 1879 in Edgecombe County, N.C., to Walter S. Parker and Della Hines; and lived at 617 East Green Street, Wilson. His brother, Dr. B.O. Barnes, was the certifying physician.

Clippings courtesy of J. Robert Boykin III.