Memories of Hattie Daniels’ Golden Rule kindergarten.

Dr. Judy Wellington Rashid shares this excerpt, adapted for Black Wide-Awake, from her My Neighborhood Legacy Series: A Salute to the Educational Leadership of Rev. Hattie Louvenia Owens Daniels, Founder and Director of the Golden Rule Kindergarten 1944-1972 Wilson, NC.” Though it recalls a period after BWA’s focus, it offers a close look at the warm, rich experience that would have been familiar to children who attended Golden Rule earlier.

Dr. Rashid’s parents, Levi and Cora Greene Wellington, lived on Manchester Street from 1946 to 1978. Between 1957 and 1966, she and two of her siblings attended Rev. Hattie Daniels‘ Golden Rule Kindergarten at 908 Wainwright Street, just a block from their home. 

Each morning, a family member dropped the children off at the front door of the house. As they entered the living room, Rev. Daniels and her daughter Deborah Ruth Daniels, greeted each child by name with a warm and welcoming “Good morning!” Once all the children had arrived, they stood together and responded in song — “Good morning to you!, Good morning to you!, We’re all in our places, with bright shiny faces, and how do you do? How do you do?” The Danielses asked each child how they were doing and if they had eaten breakfast. If they had not eaten at home, they were fed at no charge. The children then lined up as a group and marched out the back door to the school, a long building located to the left rear of the backyard. The remaining yard was the playground. Everything they learned was recited in song and rhyme — the alphabet, numbers, sight words, etc.  Rev. Daniels rang a big hand bell to begin their daily recitations of the lessons they learned, to get their attention,  or to signal a change in activity.

Throughout the school day, children formed a neat line for everything, including forays into the public. They marched everywhere, always staying in a neat line and looking straight ahead. Golden Rule’s children took field trips to sing on a local radio program, to the county fair, and the Wilson Christmas parade. Each year, they walked from the school to downtown Wilson to sing Christmas carols on the county courthouse steps.  Rev. Daniels led the line of students while her daughter walked behind. Rev. Daniels’ students were known to have manners.

Judy Wellington Rashid graduated from Wilson’s R.L. Fike High School in 1970, completed college, and became a teacher. During her first few years teaching, she began to reflect on the invaluable academic lessons, respect for education, and order and discipline she received at the Golden Rule kindergarten. Shortly becoming a principal in 1977, she visited Rev. Daniels in her home. The old school building was still standing but not usable. Dr. Rashid went to thank Rev. Daniels for the great foundation that she had provided her in kindergarten. She also wanted to know if Rev. Daniels still had a book that she had used to teach her students, and indeed she did.

Rev. Hattie Daniels with a copy of Lillian Moore’s A Child’s First Picture Dictionary, first published in 1948.

On a 2004 visit to Wilson, Dr. Rashid noticed Deborah Daniels and another woman sitting on the porch of 908 Wainwright. Daniels recognized her, and they shared laughter over seeing each other again after so many years. Lillian Francis Lucas introduced herself and said she moved from Wiggins Street to the house next door to 908 Wainwright “when the highway came through.” She said she had come over to clean house and “wait on” Rev. Daniels. She remembered that “there were 60 students at the school at one time or the other,” aged three to five years.  She also remembered that the school day would start around 5 or 6 A.M. and last until 5 or 6 P.M. 

Rev. Daniels’ Wainwright Street home at left, a rental property she owned at middle, and the church she pastored at right.

Deborah Daniels’ chimed in: “my mother housed, clothed, fed, and took care of me from Elvie School, Catholic School, Sallie Barbour School, to Darden High School”.  Dr. Rashid closes: “May God forever bless the educational legacy of Rev. Hattie Daniels and her daughter Deborah Ruth Daniels.”

Golden Rule kindergarten in 1964. The Wilson Daily Times printed the photo, submitted by James Boyette, in its 9 July 2002 edition.

Photos courtesy of Judy Wellington Rashid.


  1. What an absolutely beautiful tribute! Great Christmas morning read.

    Rev. Daniels, we honor your memory for being a mother to many and providing a strong foundation and love for the littles trusted in your care!

  2. It is important for us to “reverence the wombs that bore us”. I regard a womb as a place of development – of which there are many in our lives if only we reflect. For so many of us who attended the Rev. Hattie Daniels Golden Rule Kindergarten in the 40’s, 50’s, 60’s and 70’s , the experience was the first womb of development outside of our homes.

    Thank you, Lisa, for allowing me to publicly give THANKS to Rev. Daniel’s legacy that helped to shape the young lives of African American generations in Wilson, NC for over three decades through posterity . She is among the great educators of our time who gave so much to the children from families who had so little of material things but hoped the best for their children .
    I , along with so many others, are living testaments to the fruits of her labor.

  3. Enjoyed the article. Yes, we were disciplined and well cared for. I have memories of the school and courtyard. I can see Mrs Daniel’s with the glasses lowered on her nose.

  4. Great to learn this history I just love history of local legends & keep learning from you the vast history Wilson & Wilson Co. & beyond contains.I’ve yet gotten over my exciting visit to the Round House well over a year ago.Can’t wait to return there after the pandemic.
    Happy New Year☯️

  5. When I married and moved to Wilson in 1972, I was hired to team-teach in grades K-2 at Hearne School with Esther Guess Askew and Alice Davis. We always looked forward to having children from Hattie Daniels’. They arrived well-prepared academically and could be counted on to assume leadership roles among their classmates. Back in the day, we had parents sign “walking trip” permission slips that were good for the entire school year. Like the children at Hattie Daniels’, I walked my kindergartners at Hearne to Piggly Wiggly, the library, fire department, post office, and police department. Loved that the Hattie Daniels’ children sang Christmas carols on the courthouse steps. Enjoyed the article! Thanks for your work, Lisa.

    1. When my mother married and moved to Wilson in 1961, she was hired to teach at an all-black elementary school in Greene County. The teachers who lived in Wilson carpooled together, and Mrs. Askew (then Guess) took my mother under her wing. She became a dear family friend and later neighbor.

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