Where we worked: 1922 — B.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the second in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Bailey, Albert, fireman, 523 South Spring
  • Bailey, Rita, domestic, 118 Ashe
  • Baines, H[enry] Roscoe, carpenter, 307 North Reid
  • Baker, James, tobacco worker, 546 East Nash
  • Baker, William M., carpenter, 610 South Spring
  • Banaman, Frank, tobacco worker, 109 Ashe
  • Banner, Edward, driver, 614 Spruce
  • Banner, Mamie, domestic, 614 Spruce
  • Barber, Ethel, domestic, 1100 East Nash
  • Barber, Sallie, teacher, 1100 East Nash
  • Barbour, James M., proprietor – Wardrobe Pressing Club, 916 Atlantic
  • Barefoot, Bertha, domestic, 918 Washington Avenue
  • Barefoot, Ernest, porter, 324 Hackney
  • Barefoot, Hubert, presser, 412 North Vick
  • Barefoot, Linwood, proprietor – Barefoot Pressing Works, 918 Washington Ave
  • Barefoot Pressing Works, 507 East Nash, Linwood Barefoot proprietor
  • Barham, William, presser – Edwin Thomas, East Nash extended
  • Barnes, Agnes, tobacco worker, 523 Smith
  • Barnes, Albert, tobacco worker, 204 Sunshine Alley
  • Barnes, Alonzo, barber, 806 E Green
  • Barnes, Anna, laundress, 106 South Carroll
  • Barnes, Artelia, domestic, 500 East Green
  • Barnes, B. Frank, laborer, 106 South Carroll
  • Barnes, Bud, driver, 306 South Lodge
  • Barnes, Charlie G., 106 South Carroll
  • Barnes, Cherry, domestic, 608 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Clifton, tobacco worker, 417 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, Cora, tobacco worker, 111 Manchester
  • Barnes, Dave, barber – W.S. Hines, 613 East Green
  • Barnes, Della, domestic, 613 East Green
  • Barnes, Dicey, domestic, 901 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Dorothy, maid, 209 West Nash
  • Barnes, Edward, porter, 418 North Vick
  • Barnes, Ella, laundress, 602 South Daniel
  • Barnes, Eva, tobacco worker, 302 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Fannie, tobacco worker, 642 Wiggins
  • Barnes, Frances, domestic, 512 Stemmery
  • Barnes, Frank, plasterer, 517 Railroad
  • Barnes, Frank, tobacco grader, 801 Mercer, (home) 716 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, Fred, laborer, 126 Ashe
  • Barnes, George, farmer, 526 East Barnes
  • Barnes, George, laborer, 203 West Gold
  • Barnes, Harriett, laundress, 214 Manchester
  • Barnes, Henrietta, domestic, 1109 Atlanta
  • Barnes, Henry, laborer, 409 North Pine
  • Barnes, Henry, tobacco worker, 804 South Lodge
  • Barnes, Henry, tobacco worker, 406 Viola
  • Barnes, Howard W., barber – W.M. Hines, 420 Vick
  • Barnes, James F., laborer, 106 Carroll
  • Barnes, James H., barber, 420 East Nash, (home) 670 Viola
  • Barnes, John, helper, 114 Smith
  • Barnes, John, laborer, 810 South Lodge
  • Barnes, John, presser, 413 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, John H., tobacco worker, 312 South Lodge
  • Barnes, John M., plasterer, 500 East Green
  • Barnes, Joseph, barber, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, L[eonard]. Elroy, plasterer, 500 East Green
  • Barnes, Larry, presser, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, Lemon, laborer, 1009 Atlanta
  • Barnes, Littleton, carpenter, 407 Viola
  • Barnes, Lizzie, maid, 1109 Atlanta
  • Barnes, Lonnie, barber – W.S. Hines, 802 East Green
  • Barnes, Louise, laundress, 418 North Vick
  • Barnes, Lucy D., tobacco worker, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, Maggie, cook, 303 Stantonsburg Road
  • Barnes, Mal, laborer 408 South Lodge
  • Barnes, Mazie, domestic, 642 Wiggins
  • Barnes, Oscar, laborer, 406 South Goldsboro
  • Barnes, Pate, laborer, 1112 East Nash
  • Barnes, Rodenia, tobacco stemmer, 212 Manchester
  • Barnes, Rosa, domestic, 403 East Walnut
  • Barnes, Rosena, laundress, 119 East Walnut
  • Barnes, Sarah, cook – Carolina Hotel, 116 Pender
  • Barnes, Short W., carpenter, 616 East Green
  • Barnes, Sudie, tobacco worker, 602 South Daniel
  • Barnes, Tobe, tobacco worker, 309 Spring Street Alley
  • Barnes, Victoria, tobacco worker, 102 Ashe
  • Barnes, Weldon, laborer, 108 West Lee
  • Barnes, William, laborer, 1020 Wainwright
  • Barnes, Wright, laborer, 608 Railroad
  • Bass, Dezell, tobacco worker, 107 Stantonsburg Road
  • Batchelor, Amanda, domestic, 808 Suggs
  • Batchelor, Bonnie, laborer, 410 East Hines
  • Battle, Arza L., hairdresser – Carrie Strickland, 300 South Spring
  • Battle, Cary, horse shoer – J.Y. Buchanan, East Nash near East
  • Battle, Daisy, tobacco worker, 404 South Lodge
  • Battle, Dave, section hand, 404 South Lodge
  • Battle, Delphia, tobacco worker, 705 East Nash
  • Battle, Edward, laborer, 813 East Green
  • Battle, Ella, tobacco worker, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, Ernest, laborer, 609 South Lodge
  • Battle, Esther, tobacco worker, 209 East Spruce
  • Battle, Frank, freight hand, 902 East Nash
  • Battle, Frank, tobacco worker, 705 East Nash
  • Battle, Frank, tobacco worker, 912 Wainwright Avenue
  • Battle, Frank F., laborer, 1101 Woodard Avenue
  • Battle, Grace, maid – Oettinger’s, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, Hattie, laundress, 705 South Lodge
  • Battle, John, factory hand, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, Joseph, tobacco worker, 606 South Spring
  • Battle, Marie, domestic, 813 East Green
  • Battle, Maud, cook, 106 West Vance
  • Battle, Miller, section hand, 405 Spring Street Alley
  • Battle, Minnie, cook, 209 East Spruce
  • Battle, Narcissa, domestic, 503 Warren
  • Battle, Roberta, teacher, 322 South Spring
  • Battle, William L., tobacco worker, 506 South Lodge
  • Batts, Amos, Grand Scribe Knights of King Solomon Inc., 1113 East Nash
  • Batts, Jacob, 601 South Lodge
  • Batts, John, laborer, 317 South Goldsboro
  • Beckwith, Cora, domestic, 516 South Lodge
  • Beckwith, Odelle, cook, 208 Manchester
  • Becoat, Robert, tobacco worker, 108 South Vick
  • Bell, Charles, laborer, 509 Railroad
  • Bell, Hester, tobacco worker, 908 East Nash
  • Bell, Jasper, tobacco worker, 908 East Nash
  • Belmon, Tobe, laborer, 511 Railroad
  • Bennett, James W., tailor – Powell’s Cleaning Works, 527 Church
  • Bennett, Mable, domestic, 527 Church
  • Bennett, Pearl, laundress, 524 East Barnes
  • Bentley, Mary, domestic, 908 Mercer
  • Berry, Samuel, 508 North Pine
  • Best, Aaron, porter, 517 South Spring
  • Best, Ada, domestic, 1105 West Nash
  • Best, Clinton, bricklayer, 208 Pender
  • Best, Eliza, seamstress, 320 South Spring
  • Best, Frankie, domestic, 320 South Spring
  • Best, Harper, farmer, 320 South Spring
  • Best, John, laborer, 106 Ashe
  • Best, John W., soft drinks, 304 South Lodge, (home) 400 South Lodge
  • Best, Lossie, laundress, 913 Washington Avenue
  • Best, Minnie, domestic, 208 Pender
  • Best, Nannie, tobacco worker, 320 South Spring
  • Best, William, bricklayer 913 Washington Avenue
  • Best, Wilson, bricklayer, 1105 West Nash
  • Bethea, Iola, waitress, 304 East South
  • Black, Grover, laborer, 907 Robinson
  • Black, James, laborer, 501 Stantonsburg Road
  • Black, Martha, laundress, 907 Robinson
  • Black, William, tobacco worker, 507 Bank
  • Blackman, Andrew, drayman, 620 Darden Alley
  • Blow, Harrison, tobacco worker, 902 Mercer
  • Blow, Jane, tobacco worker, 902 Mercer
  • Blow, Sudie, laundress, 310 East Walnut
  • Blow, William, laborer, 513 Smith
  • Blue, Susie, domestic, 137 Ashe
  • Blue, William, tobacco worker, 137 Ashe
  • Boone, James, tobacco worker, 611 South Spring
  • Boone, Linwood, tobacco worker, 414 South Spring
  • Booten, Caroline, laundress, 206 East Hines
  • Borden, Liza, domestic, 204 South Vick
  • Bowden, William R., presser – Powell’s Cleaning Works, 110 Finch
  • Bowen, Horace, laborer, 802 South Lodge
  • Bowers, Bud, laborer, 414 Walnut Alley
  • Bowling, Fletcher, laborer, 518 South Lodge
  • Bowser, Astor B., insurance agent, 520 East Nash
  • Bowser, Sarah L., dressmaker, 520 East Nash
  • Bowser, Thomas F., cook, 520 East Nash
  • Boyette, Bud, tobacco worker, 304 East Walnut
  • Boyette, Emma, domestic, 210 Pender
  • Boyette, Jensie, tobacco worker, 304 East Walnut
  • Boyette, Nathan, carpenter, 210 Pender
  • Boykin, Bettie, 190 North East
  • Boykin, Charles, chauffeur, 306 East Walnut
  • Boykin, John, carpenter, 801 Viola
  • Branch, J.G., Rev., pastor Mount Zion Holiness Church, (home) Goldsboro, N.C.
  • Branch, Letta, tobacco worker, 507 Hadley
  • Brant, Elnora, domestic, 416 East Green
  • Brant, Joseph, bricklayer, 416 East Green
  • Braswell, Cora, domestic, 639 Wiggins
  • Braswell, William, laborer, 414 Whitley
  • Braxton, Viola, domestic, 415 South Railroad
  • Brewington, Angeline, domestic, 601 South Railroad
  • Brewington, David, laborer, 601 South Railroad
  • Brewington, Edward C., proprietor – Brewington Pressing Works, 1212 East Nash
  • Brewington Pressing Works, 561 East Nash, Edward C. Brewington proprietor
  • Bright, Martha, tobacco worker, 802 East Nash
  • Brin, John, tobacco worker, 110 South Vick
  • Brinkley, Nannie, domestic, 203 Stantonsburg Road
  • Britt, Mamie, cook, 113 Manchester
  • Brody, David, grader, 303 Mercer
  • Brody, Gertrude, domestic, 113 Pender
  • Brody, Josephine, student, 303 Mercer
  • Brooks, Burley, bicycle mechanic – C.H. Darden & Sons, South Atlantic
  • Brooks, Eva, laundress, East Nash extended
  • Brooks, Jesse, sexton – First Baptist Church, Stantonsburg Road
  • Brooks, Jesse B., barber – W.M. Hines, Atlantic near Nash
  • Brooks, John, carpenter, East Nash extended
  • Brooks, Minnie, domestic, 810 East Nash
  • Brooks, Seth, barber – W.M. Hines, 908 Elba
  • Brown, Edward, laborer, 411 North Pine
  • Brown, Edward H., carpenter, 202 South Vick
  • Brown, Ellis, tobacco worker, 906 Viola
  • Brown, Estelle, laundress, 306 Pender
  • Brown, Eva L., dressmaker, 202 South Vick
  • Brown, Jesse, tobacco worker, 1202 East Nash
  • Brown, Maggie, laundress, 1008 Woodard Avenue
  • Brown, Mattie, laundress, 809 Suggs
  • Brown, Nora, tobacco worker, 205 South Railroad
  • Brown, Oma, domestic, 209 South Railroad
  • Brown, Peter, cook, 406 Spring Street Alley
  • Brown, William, laborer, 809 Suggs
  • Brown, William H., printer, 202 South Vick
  • Bryant, Beatrice, domestic, 632 Suggs
  • Bryant, Cora, domestic, 111 Pender
  • Bryant, Edward, cook, 411 North Pine
  • Bryant, Harry H., tobacco worker, 619 Suggs
  • Bryant, Julia, domestic, 619 Suggs
  • Bryant, Millie, cook, 308 West Nash
  • Buie, Alma, tobacco worker, 209 North East
  • Bullard, Ayatte, domestic, 112 Fourth
  • Bullard, Minnie, domestic, 112 Fourth
  • Bullard, Wesley, presser, 112 Fourth
  • Bullard, William, carpenter, 112 Fourth
  • Bullock, Jolly, laborer, 120 North Railroad
  • Bullock, Lizzie, domestic, 525 Church
  • Bullock, Mack, tobacco worker, 1008 Robinson
  • Bullock, Martha, laundress, 1106 Wainwright
  • Bullock, Richard, laborer 1208 East Nash
  • Bullock, Swindell, butler, 1200 West Gold
  • Bullock, William, laborer, 525 Church
  • Bunk, William, 913 Robinson
  • Bunn, Abraham, carpenter, 629 Wiggins
  • Bunn, Bertie, domestic, 502 South Bruton
  • Bunn, Martha, domestic, 629 Wiggins
  • Burke, Lottie, laundress, 211 Stantonsburg Road
  • Burks, Georgia, teacher, 322 South Spring
  • Burl, Linda, domestic, 304 Stantonsburg Road
  • Burns, Henry, laborer, 409 Spring Street Alley
  • Burton, William H., tobacco worker, 201 North Vick
  • Burtsell, Paul, pastor Holy Apostolic Church, (home) Goldsboro, N.C.
  • Busy Bee Shoe Shine Parlor, 513 East Nash, Jake Johnson proprietor
  • Buthine, Charles, tobacco worker, 108 North Pettigrew
  • Buthine, Shulor, laundress, 108 North Pettigrew
  • Bynum, Albert, Rev., 627 Suggs
  • Bynum, Alice, tobacco worker, 510 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, Annie, cook, 113 Narroway
  • Bynum, Charlotte, midwife, 117 Manchester
  • Bynum, Charlotte, millhand, 632 Wiggins
  • Bynum, Dudley, barber, 913 Atlanta
  • Bynum, Estella, domestic, 807 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, Herbert, laborer, 1000 Mercer
  • Bynum, Ida, domestic, 510 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, John, laborer, 807 Stantonsburg Road
  • Bynum, Joseph, laborer, 113 Narroway
  • Bynum, Katherine, student, 532 East Nash
  • Bynum, Mack, tobacco worker, 532 East Nash
  • Bynum, Penny, domestic, 627 Suggs
  • Bynum, Thomas, tobacco worker, 117 Manchester
  • Bynum, William, tobacco worker, 510 Stantonsburg Road
  • Byrd, Minnie, cook, 402 South Goldsboro
  • Byrd, Thomas, laborer, 514 East Nash


  • “Domestic” likely encompassed domestic work done both within one’s home (i.e. the work of a “housewife”) and for an outside employer.
  • In this era, there were no African-American firemen in Wilson in the “firefighter” sense. A “fireman” in this context was a stoker, i.e. someone responsible for tending the fire needed to run a boiler to heat a building or power a steam engine.
  • As is clear here, Barnes is by far the most common surname for African-Americans (and whites) in Wilson County. As a result, one should not assume that any two Barneses are related.
  • The streets now known as Atlantic Street and Washington Street were originally designated Atlanta Street and Booker T. Washington Avenue, both in honor of the “Wizard of Tuskegee,” who spoke in Wilson in 1910.
  • “Robinson” Street is, in fact, Robeson.
  • Whitley Street was a short, narrow block running alongside Williams Lumber Company between South Lodge Street and the terminus of South Spring Street. Per the 1922 Sanborn fire insurance map, it was lined with seven small houses on the south side of the street. Hominy Swamp ran perhaps 150′ behind.

Today, Whitley Street and the last stretch of South Douglas, below the Norfolk & Southern tracks, have been swallowed up by the site of Garris Evans Lumber Company.

  • Oettinger’s Dependable Shop was at 100-106 East Nash Street.
  • The Carolina Hotel was at 225 East Barnes Street.
  • Carrie Strickland’s beauty shop was at 528 East Nash Street.
  • James Younger Buchanan was a blacksmith and horse shoer who operated a shop at 209 East South Street.
  • Powell’s Cleaning Works was at 117 South Tarboro Street.
  • Walter S. Hines barber shop.
  • William M. Hines barber shop.
  • Mount Zion Holiness Church was on Lodge Street near Walnut.
  • Holy Apostolic Church was on Banks Street near Spring.

Current map courtesy of Google Maps.

Lost ‘hoods, no. 3.

As illustrated in earlier “Lost ‘Hoods” posts, downtown Wilson was once shot through with narrow alleys packed with the tiny double-shotgun dwellings of African-American tobacco workers. In addition to Banks Alley and Oil Mill Alley and Parker’s Alley (also known as Vick’s Alley) and Young’s Alley, there were:

  • Sunshine Alley

Sunshine Alley lay in the shadow of Liggett & Meyers’ tobacco warehouse and within a block of Smith’s, Planter’s Warehouse, Banner, Monk-Adams, Farmers and Watson Warehouses. As shown in the 1922 Sanborn fire insurance map of Wilson, the western end of the alley was a slot off Goldsboro Street in the block otherwise bounded by Hines, South Mercer and East Jones Streets.

Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 7.01.41 PM.png

The eastern end formed a dogleg dividing the block bounded by Goldsboro, Hines, Spring and Jones Streets.

Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 7.01.08 PM.png

Sunshine Alley is long gone, but its path is easily followed in the driveway of the Family Dollar store at Hines and Goldsboro, the driveway of Barrett’s Printing House (the white-roofed structure below standing with the former footprint of Smith & Leggett) and the cut-through that continues past Barrett’s to Douglas Street (formerly Spring).

Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 7.21.12 PM.png

  • Walnut Alley

Only a block long, Walnut Alley ran parallel to South Spring (Douglas) and South Lodge Streets between East Walnut and East Banks Streets. The 1922 Sanborn fire insurance map depicts a small “colored church” on Spring.

Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 9.33.04 PM.png

That church is now Saint Rose Church of Christ, and the alley is Walnut Lane.

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Current maps courtesy of Google Maps.

Studio shots, no. 95: Rosa Lee Ross.

Screen Shot 2018-10-06 at 4.34.12 PM.png

Rosa Lee Edwards McNeil Ross (1913-1989).

In the 1920 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 225 Stantonsburg Street, Billy Edwards, 35, lumber company laborer; wife Clara, 29, tobacco factory worker; and children Rosalie, 7, Booker T., 4, and Shelley, 2.

In the 1930 census of Wilson, Wilson County: at 804 Lincoln, owned and valued at $1700, fertilizer plant laborer Bill Edwards, 35; wife Clara, 31; and children Rosa L., 14, Booker T., 12, and Shelley G., 9. (Clara reported that she was born in Indiana to North Carolina-born parents.)

On 6 December 1931, Curtis McNeil, 21, of Wilson, son of Hector and Carrie McNeil, married Rosa Lee Edwards, 18, of Wilson, daughter of Billie and Clara Edwards. Methodist minister R.J. Young performed the ceremony in the presence of Nellie H. Carr, Emma King and Lawrence J. Baylor.

In the 1940 census of Wilson, Wilson County: tobacco factory laborer William Edwards, 52; wife Clara, 48, laundress; daughter Rose McNeal, 26, divorced, tobacco factory laborer; nieces Ester, 19, laundress, and Rachel Cromartie, 13; and mother-in-law Della Cromartie, 84.

John Henry Ross died 28 April 1973 in Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was born 15 August 1907 to Will Ross and Ida Barnes; resided at 904 Lincoln Street, Wilson; was married to Rosa Lee Edwards; and had worked as a mechanic for Paul Berry Chevrolet. Rosa Lee Ross was informant.

Rosa Lee Ross died 20 November 1989 in Wilson.

Photo courtesy of Ancestry.com user kmiles65.

Practicing midwifery without a license.

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Wilson Daily Times, 19 January 1938.

Mariah Battle Gaston‘s plight was a common one for midwives in the early twentieth century. As the practice of medicine professionalized, and backed by the twin pressures of sexism and racism, doctors began to usurp the traditional role of granny midwives and to criminalize their practice of their vocation.


In the 1870 census of Joyners township, Wilson County: Frank Battle, 48; wife Martha, 49; and children Dolly, 25, Patsey, 17, and Mariah, 14.

On 16 July 1874, William Gaston, 22, married Mariah Battle, 20, in Toisnot township.

In the 1880 census of Toisnot township, Wilson County: farm laborer William Gaston, 28; wife Maria, 21; and children Willie, 7, Lola E., 5, Clara, 4, and Nannie, 2; plus schoolteacher George Harrison, 35.

In the 1900 census of Town of Elm City, Toisnot township, Wilson County: washerwoman Mirah Gaston, 35, widow; children Lola, 22, Nancy, 19, Lula, 16, Eddie, 15, Cora, 13, Fredrick, 8, and Elma, 6; and “orphans” Eva, 11, and Mary Barnes, 20.

On 23 October 1906, Ed Gaston, 22, son of Mariah Gaston, married Stella Williams, 22, in Elm City.

In the 1910 census of Town of Elm City, Toisnot township, Wilson County: on East Main Street, widow Maria Gaston, 49, washer woman, and sons Eddie, 24, lumber mill laborer, Fred, 21, Elma, 17, odd jobs laborer, Arma, 15, and Willie, 12.

Fred Gaston died 17 November 1916 in Wilson township, Wilson County. Per his death certificate, he was 27 years old; was born in Elm City to William Gaston of Virginia and Marriah Battle of North Carolina; and worked as a farm hand.

On 19 October 1920, Ed Gaston, 40, of Toisnot, married Ida Price, 39, in Elm City. Jesse Wynn applied for the license.

In the 1940 census of Town of Elm City, Toisnot township, Wilson County: on Nash Street, widow Mariah Gaston, 79, and son Ed, 53, a laborer at Williams Lumber.

Myria Gaston died 18 March 1947 in Elm City, Toisnot township. Per her death certificate, she was born 9 December 1880 in Wilson County to Frank and Martha Battle of Wilson County and was the widow of William Gaston. She was buried in Elm City cemetery, and Lula Dawson of Elm City was informant.

Eddie Gaston died 10 November 1951 in Elm City, Toisnot township. Per his death certificate, he was born 12 February 1886 in Wilson County to William Gaston and Mariah Battle; was a widower; worked as a laborer; and was buried in Elm City cemetery. Lula Lawson was informant.

Cora Gaston Latham died 9 January 1964 at Mercy Hospital. Per her death certificate, she was born 27 August 1891 in Wilson County to William Gaston and Mariah Battle; was widowed; and resided in Elm City. Maxine Kelly of Elm City was informant.

Where we worked: 1922 — A.

City directories offer fine-grained looks at a city’s residents at short intervals. The 1922 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., directory reveals the types of work available to African-Americans during the booming tobacco era. This post is the first in an alphabetical series listing all “colored” directory entries for whom an occupation was listed. The address is the resident’s home, unless a business address is noted.

  • Adams, Bessie, domestic, 107 South Carroll
  • Adams, Ella, cook – Wilson Sanatorium, 410 South Goldsboro
  • Adams, Gertrude, proprietor – Lynnhaven Hotel, 537 East Nash
  • Adams, James, laborer, 105 West Walnut
  • Adams, Jesse, laborer, 1114 East Nash
  • Adams, Millie A., nurse – Wilson County Home
  • Adams, Ned, laborer, 704 Walnut
  • Adams, Roy, tobacco worker, 604 South Daniel
  • Aiken, Georgie, domestic, 120 Pender
  • Alexander, England, laborer, 511 Warren
  • Alexander, Lillie, domestic, 511 Warren
  • Allen, Henry, laborer, 523 South Lodge
  • Allen, Jesse, laborer, 527 South Lodge
  • Allen, Mary, laundress, 609 South Spring
  • Alston, Lucy, dressmaker, 417 Walnut
  • Alston, Robert T., jeweler, 552 East Nash
  • Alston, William, farmer, Mercer near Five Points
  • Anderson, Ed, porter, 213 Manchester
  • Anderson, Mabel E., dressmaker, 202 South Vick
  • Anderson, Mary, domestic, 608 Stantonsburg Road
  • Anthony, James, dressing, 113 Pender
  • Armstrong, Alice, tobacco worker, 521 South Lodge
  • Armstrong, Bessie, tobacco worker, 645 Wiggins
  • Armstrong, Ernest, barber, 510 Railroad
  • Armstrong, James, laundress, 523 Stemmery
  • Arrington, Allie, shoe polisher, 213 East Spruce
  • Arrington, Ernest, ice cutter, 705 South Lodge
  • Arrington, Levi V., carpenter, 206 North Reid
  • Arrington, Mary, laundress, 404 South Goldsboro
  • Arrington, Roxie, cook, 711 Robinson [Roberson]
  • Arrington, William, laborer, 711 Robinson
  • Artis, Columbus E., proprietor – The Delicatessen, 308 Pender
  • Artis, Emma, laundress, 310 East Walnut
  • Artis, Ezekial, drayman, 407 Bank
  • Artis, James, bellboy, 518 East Nash
  • Artis, Pauline, tobacco worker, 514 Smith
  • Artis, Peter, confectioner, 502 East Nash
  • Artis, Plummer, eating house, 901 East Nash
  • Artis, Sumner, cement worker, 1108 East Nash
  • Atkinson, James, tobacco worker, 307 Stantonsburg Road
  • Austin, Alice, tobacco worker, 208 East Jones
  • Austin, James, laborer, 507 East Green
  • Austin, Samuel, tobacco Worker, 208 East Jones
  • Aycock, Pat, tobacco worker, 414 South Lodge


  • “Domestic” likely encompassed domestic work done both within one’s home (i.e. the work of a “housewife”) and for an outside employer.
  • The Wilson Sanatorium, founded in 1896, was Wilson’s first hospital. It was located on East Nash Street next to what is now Imagination Station.
  • The 1922 Sanborn map reveals that the Lynnhaven Hotel was a boarding house occupying the second and third floors of a four-front commercial building at 535-541 East Nash.

  • The Wilson County Home was likely the “poor house” located beyond southern city limits on Goldsboro Street.
  • A “dresser,” perhaps, was a valet.
  • Wilson Ice & Fuel Company was located on South Lodge at the Norfolk & Southern Railroad.

The obituary of Sarah Cone.

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Wilson Daily Times, 9 November 1935.

On 7 August 1868, Willis Cone and Sarah Glover were married in Nash County, North Carolina.

In the 1870 census of Springfield township, Nash County: farmer Willis Cone, 30, and wife Sarah, 18.

In the 1880 census of Jackson township, Nash County: farmer Willis Cone, 40; wife Sarah, 28; and children Kindred, 9, Kincaid, 7, Junius, 5, Willie M., 3, and Joseph I.G., 1 month.

In the 1900 census of Taylor township, Wilson County: farmer Willis Cone, 62; wife Sarah, 49; and children Willie M., 23, Lillie, 17, Jamerson, 13, Romane(?), 11, Aven, 9, Armencia, 5, and Rada, 1.

In the 1910 census of Taylor township, Wilson County: on County Line Road, farmer Willis C. Cone, 75; wife Sarah A., 61; and children Avon, 17, Amincy, 13, and Rader, 11.

In September 1912, Willie Cone registered for the World War I draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he was born 6 April 1877; resided in Wilson; worked as a cook for W.R. Marlow, Railroad Cafe, Nash Street; and his nearest relative was his mother, Sarah Cone.

Willis Cone died 20 November 1918 in Wilson. Per his death certificate, he was 85 years old; was married to Sarah Cone; was a farmer; and was born in Nash County. Raymond Cone of Wilson was informant.

Sarah Cone died 5 February 1935 in Wilson. Per her death certificate, she was 98 years old [more likely about 85]; was born in Nash County to Lessie Glover; was the widow of Willis Cone; and resided at 1113 East Atlanta [Atlantic] Street. Willie Cone was informant.

Studio shots, no. 94: Haywood and Mollie Vines Baker.


Haywood W. Baker and Mollie Vines Baker, perhaps taken near Stantonsburg in the 1910s.

Though this is not, strictly speaking, a studio portrait, the formal posing and prop seating of this image strongly suggest that a professional photographer was behind the camera.


On 5 November 1898, Haywood Baker, 20, son of Richard and Almira Baker, married Ora Harper, 19, daughter of Thomas and Leah Harper, in Greene County.

In the 1900 census of Carrs township, Greene County: farmer Haywood Baker, 22; wife Orra, 20; daughter Lula, 6 months; and widowed mother-in-law Laurer Harper, 54.

In the 1910 census of Farmville township, Pitt County: self-employed barber Haywood W. Baker, 30; wife Ora, 29; daughter Lular, 10; and adopted son Stiner, 9.

On 13 November 1912, Haywood Baker, 33, of Nash County, married Mollie Vines, 26, of Nash County, in Nash County.

In 1918, Haywood William Baker registered for the World War I draft in Wilson County. Per his registration card, he resided in Stantonsburg; was 24 February 1870; worked as a barber; and his nearest relative was Mollie Baker.

In the 1920 census of Stantonsburg township, Wilson County: on Railroad Street, Haden [Haywood] W. Baker, 40, barber; wife Mollie, 33; and children Hilda R., 6, Jasper, 4, Harold, 2, Mary C., 2 months; and Haywood, 12; plus Exum Joyner, 25, barber, and wife Bertha, 24.

In the 1930 census of Stantonsburg township, Wilson County: farmer Haywood W. Baker, 52; wife Mollie, 43; and children Charles, 17, Hildarene, 16, Jasper, 14, Harold, 13, Mary P., 11, Richard T., 7, and Carlton Baker, 5.

In the 1940 census of Farmville township, Pitt County: farmer Haywood W. Baker, 62, and children Jasper, 22, Tensley James, 26, Richard Thomas, 16, and Carlton Baker, 14, and Mary Joyner, 20. All reported living in Greene County in 1935 except Tensley, who had lived in Goldsboro, Wayne County.

In 1942, Richard Thomas Baker registered for the World War II draft in Wilson. Per his registration card, he was born 24 August 1923 in Stantonsburg; resided at 719 East Green Street, Wilson; his contact was Haywood Baker of the same address; and he worked at G.H.T.M. in Goldsboro, North Carolina.

Haywood Baker died 17 August 1946 at Duke Hospital in Durham. Per his death certificate, he was born 14 February 1883 in Greene County; was married to Blanch Baker; resided at 719 East Green Street, Wilson; was a barber; and was buried in Marlboro cemetery, Farmville, Pitt County.

On 18 September 1946, the Wilson Daily Times ran the first of a series of executor’s notices posted by John H. Baker, 524 East Nash Street, concerning the estate of Haywood William Baker.

Last will and testament of Haywood W. Baker.

The item Baker specially bequeathed his son John is now a prized collector’s item. The Illinois Watch Company manufactured Santa Fe Special pocket watches from 1913 to 1935.

Photo of Baker courtesy of Ancestry.com user cbaker2928; North Carolina Wills and Estates, 1665-1998 [database on-line], http://www.ancestry.com.

Wilson news.

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New York Age, 16 September 1922.

  • The Wilson Church — I am not aware of any surviving issues of this newspaper.
  • Rev. Mebane — John A. Mebane. In the 1928 Hill’s Wilson, N.C., city directory: Mebane  Jno A Rev (c; Rachel) Mt Siani [Sinai] Missionary Baptist Ch h 1008 Woodard av
  • Rev. A.H. George — Arthur H. George.
  • Ruth Whitehead Whaley — Ruth W. Whaley was a native of Goldsboro, North Carolina. Per Wikipedia, Whitehead Whaley (February 2, 1901–December 23, 1977) was the third African American woman admitted to practice law in New York in 1925 and the first in North Carolina in 1933. She was the first Black woman to graduate from Fordham University School of Law, where she graduated cum laude in 1924.
  • Mr. & Mrs. A.B. Bowser — Astor B. and Deloris Hawley Bowser.
  • Charles Knight